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2008年2月7日经济报道-布什总统的3万亿预算

楼主:Early Bird 日期: 回贴:2 浏览:

ECONOMICS REPORT-Bush's $3 Trillion Budget
07 February 2008
This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.
经济报道-布什总统的3万亿预算。
2008年2月7日
这是VOA特别英语的经济报道。
This week, President Bush sent Congress the final budget of his presidency. The spending plan for two thousand nine would give the federal government its first budget over three trillion dollars.
本周,布什总统向国会递交了其总统任期内最后一份预算。2009年开支(计划)可使联邦政府预算首次超过3万亿美元。
Deficit spending would come close to the record of four hundred thirteen billion dollars in two thousand four. But the administration predicts a balanced budget by two thousand twelve.
赤字开支将接近2004年创纪录的4130亿美元。但是,政府当局预测在2012年实现平衡预算。
The budget proposal for next year includes increases for the departments of defense and homeland security.
下年度预算案包括国防(预算)增加以及国土安全(预算)增加。
It calls for spending seventy billion dollars on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. But the full cost for the year is expected to be higher. The president has been providing money for the wars through emergency spending measures.
该方案要求在伊拉克和阿富汗战争开支700亿美元。但是,全年的(战争)总开支预期更高。布什总统一直以来通过紧急开支措施的方式向战争提供资金。
The administration proposes cuts in the growth of Medicare and Medicaid. Medicare is government health insurance for older people; Medicaid pays for medical care for the poor.
政府当局提议削减医疗保险以及医疗补助的增长幅度。医疗保险是政府为老年人提供的健康保险;医疗补助是为穷人支付医疗保险。
The move is unpopular in Congress. But White House Budget Director Jim Nussle says the budget reduces growth in these programs to a level the nation can afford.
这一议案在国会中并不吃香。但是,白宫预算主任Jim Nussle说,这一预算可将这些项目的增长削减到美国能够承担的幅度。
The president's budget includes a short-term economic growth plan. It also includes an extension of tax cuts, along with assistance for homeowners and more spending for scientific research.
总统预算包括短期的经济增长计划,并且也包括减税的延长以及向房主(提供)援助和科学研究开支增加。
Democrats say the budget spends too little on important services -- and too much when it comes to increasing the national debt.
民主党说,预算在重要服务上的开支太少,而在增加国家债务方面又太多。
Senate Budget Committee Chairman Kent Conrad says total debts were about six trillion dollars at the end of the president's first year. At the end of eight years in office, he says, that number is expected to rise above ten trillion.
参议院预算委员会主席Kent Conrad说,在布什总统任期的第一年末,债务总额大约为6万亿美元。他说,在八年任期结束时,这一数字预期超过10万亿美元。
Conservatives in President Bush's Republican Party also criticize the growth in government spending. He entered office with a budget surplus in January of two thousand one. But his budget director notes that the United States later suffered terrorist attacks and natural disasters that required spending more.
布什总统共和党中的保守人士也批评政府开支的增加幅度。他在2001年1月入主白宫时提出预算剩余。但是,布什总统的预算主任指出,美国在后来遭受了需要更多开支的恐怖分子袭击以及自然灾难。
The new budget year begins October first. Generally, a lot of changes are made in the last budget of a president who is leaving office. This is true especially when Congress is governed by the opposition party.
新预算年度自10份开始。一般而言,许多变化发生在一位总统离任时的最后一个预算中。当国会由反对党把持时,尤其如此。
For the first time, Congress received the president's budget request in electronic form. Lawmakers and members of the public can buy traditional printed copies of the huge document if they wish.
国会第一次收到电子版本的总统预算要求。如果想要,立法者和公众可购买这一巨幅文稿的传统纸印版本。
And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report, written by Mario Ritter. For transcripts and MP3s of our reports, go to voaspecialenglish.com. I'm Steve Ember.
这是由Mario Ritter编写的、VOA特别英语的经济报道。关于本报道的文稿及MP3,可访问voaspecialenglish.com。我是Steve Ember。

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1楼 作者:Elizer 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
members of the public 可能是members of the public agency.
2楼 作者:Early Bird 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
No.
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