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2008年5月29日经济报道:彼得•德鲁克(1909-2005),管理智囊

楼主:Early Bird 日期: 回贴:2 浏览:

ECONOMICS REPORT - Peter Drucker, 1909-2005: The Mind of a Management Thinker
Thu, 29 May 2008
This is the VOA Special English Economics Report
经济报道:彼得•德鲁克(1909-2005),管理智囊。
2008年5月29日,星期四。
这是VOA特别英语的经济报道。
We talked last week about Joseph Juran, an influential American expert in quality control. He died earlier this year at the age of one hundred and three.
上周,我们谈了约瑟夫••朱兰,一位在质量管理领域具有影响的美国专家。他于今年早些时候过世,享年103岁。
Today we talk about another management expert -- or guru as people like to call them. Peter Drucker also lived a long life. He was ninety-five years old when he died in two thousand five.
今天,我们谈谈另一位管理专家或人们称他们为大师。彼得•德鲁克也长寿,他卒于2005年,享年95岁。
Peter Drucker was an expert on the ways of modern organizations. He liked to share his knowledge not by answering questions but by asking them. For example, he said business people must ask themselves not "What do we want to sell?" but "What do people want to buy?"
彼得•德鲁克是现代组织模式领域的专家,他喜欢提出问题而不是回答问题,从而分享其知识。例如,他说,商务人员必须问他们自己“大家想买什么?”而不是“我们想卖什么?”
He taught at the Claremont Graduate School of Management in California for more than thirty years. He also advised companies. And he wrote for the Wall Street Journal opinion page for twenty years, until nineteen ninety-five. He commented on many economic and management issues.
他在加利福尼亚的克莱蒙特管理研究生院从教三十余载,他也向公司提供建议。另外,他还为《华尔街日报》的社论撰文二十年,直至1995;他就许多经济和管理问题进行评论。
Peter Drucker was born in Austria. He worked as a reporter in Frankfurt, Germany, in the late nineteen twenties. He also studied international law.
彼得•德鲁克生于奥地利;在1920年代后期,他是德国法兰克福的一名记者。他还学习国际法。
He fled Germany as Adolf Hitler came to power in nineteen thirty-three. Peter Drucker spent four years in Britain as an adviser to investment banks. He then came to the United States.
当阿道夫•希特勒在1933年掌权时,逃离德国。彼得•德鲁克作为投资银行的顾问在英国四年,然后来到了美国。
He used his knowledge of international law to advise American businesses. He developed this advice into books on business methods and management.
他利用其国际法的知识,向美国公司提供建议。他将这一建议撰写为商务方法和管理领域的书籍。
In the middle of the nineteen forties, Peter Drucker argued that the desire for profit was central to business efforts. He also warned that rising wages were harming American business.
1940年代中期,彼得•德鲁克争辩说,(追求)利润的欲望是商务活动的核心;他还警告说,薪水不断上升损害了美国的公司。
He was later invited to study General Motors. He wrote about his experiences in "The Concept of the Corporation." In the book, he said workers at all levels should take part in decision-making, not just top managers.
后来,他应邀研究通用汽车公司。他在《企业概念》中叙述了其经验。在这本书中,他说,各个层面的工人应参与决策,而不仅仅只有高层管理人员参与。
Peter Drucker was a voice for change and new ways of thinking about social and business relations. He used terms like "knowledge workers" and "management goals." He influenced business training and politics with many of his ideas.
彼得•德鲁克是讨论社会与公司关系变化及新模式之声,他使用的术语有“知识工人”和“管理目标”等。他用其许多理念影响商务培训和政治。
Some people said he often only presented information that supported his arguments. But even his critics praised his clear reasoning.
一些人说,他经常只提供支持其论据的信息。但是,其批评人士甚至也称赞其推理清晰。
Yet as times changed, so did his thinking. In nineteen ninety-three, he warned that businesses create a market for competitors when they think too much about high profits.
但是,随着时间推移,其思想也变化。在1993年,他警告说,公司追求太高的利润的同时,也为竞争对手创造了市场。
And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report, written by Mario Ritter. Transcripts, MP3s and podcasts of our reports are at www.unsv.com. I'm Steve Ember.
这是由Mario Ritter编写的、VOA特别英语的经济报道。文稿、MP
3和播客,请访问www.unsv.com。我是Steve Ember。


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