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Economic Report一篇文章翻译(3月4日)

楼主:master guo 日期: 回贴:2 浏览:

This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.

State and local governments across the United States are facing big budget deficits. Many of these shortfalls include promises of future retirement payments for public employees.

全美的州和当地政府正在面临一个巨大的预算赤字。许多差额包括公职人员未来的退休工资允诺。

Several states have had to borrow money for pension plans that have fallen below required funding levels. Pay and benefits for public workers have been a target as state and local governments try to cut spending. At the same time, there are efforts in several states to reduce the negotiating rights of public employees.

一些州必须从已经减低需求资金水平的抚恤金借钱。工人的工资和福利已经成为州和当地政府试图削减花费的目标。同时那儿有一个转向许多州试图降低公众从业人员谈判的权利。

In many cases, public employee unions have agreed to accept lower pay. But they oppose efforts to limit collective bargaining. An effort by Republicans to do that in Wisconsin has led protesters to occupy the state capitol building.

在一些情况下公会已经同意接受更低的工资。但是他们反对对限制劳资双方谈判的努力。一个有共和党人做的努力已经导致抗议者占领了州首府的办公大楼。

Almost every state requires a balanced budget. Yet worries that state and local governments might not be able to repay their debts are now adding to the costs of borrowing. Illinois had to offer a high return of nearly six percent on bonds to be repaid by twenty nineteen.

几乎每个州都需要平衡的预算。仍担心的是州的当地政府也许不能够偿还那些不断增加借贷成本的债务。 对于在2019年到期的债券I州必须提供一个将近百分子六的高回报。

Experts say, on average, public employees are paid less but have better benefits than workers with similar skills in private jobs. However, they say these differences in labor costs are a lot less than some people think.

专家说一般说来公职人员除非有比有私人工作的人更好的福利才能够支付更少的工资。但是他们说这些在劳动力成本上的差异低于人们所想的。

Still, traditional pension plans pay a set amount for as long as a retiree lives. States like Georgia, Michigan, Colorado and Ohio are considering a change for future employees. They might offer retirement plans similar to what are called 401(k) plans.

传统的抚恤金支付给退休人员一定数量的工作。一些州正在考虑对未来的工作人员做一个变化。他们也许会提供退休计划和所谓的401计划。

These are a common form of plan offered by private employers. Employers and workers both put money into the plan. Workers can invest the money in areas like stocks or bonds. Their retirement savings are defined by the return on their investments in the plan.

那儿有一个有私企业主提供的相似的计划形式。雇主和工作人员都把钱投入这个计划。工人能投资在股票债券等领域。在这个计划中他们的退休储蓄由他们的投资决定。

Federal workers already have a savings plan similar to a 401(k).

联邦工作人员已经有一个和401相似的储蓄计划。

John McGlennon heads the Government Department at the College of William & Mary in Virginia. He says the economic crisis of two thousand eight continues to affect state and local tax collections. Also, many pension funds have less money because their investments have yet to fully recover from the recession. But Professor McGlennon says things could change.

他说2008年得经济危机继续影响州和当地税收收入。许多养老金钱更少了因为他们的投资还没有从危机中完全恢复过来。但是教授M说事情正在发生变化。

JOHN McGLENNON: "In terms of the future, states are not necessarily going to be in a rosy condition in the next couple of years. But they do tend to recover much more rapidly than we tend to anticipate.

"JM“在未来一段时间,州没必要继续在接下来纪念处于乐观的情形中。但是他们会比我们预期的要恢复的迅速”

And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report, written by Mario Ritter. For more business news, go to www.unsv.com. I'm Steve Ember.

 

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1楼 作者:master guo 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
做个记号,今天翻译了!
2楼 作者:All For My Dream 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

At the same time, there are efforts in several states to reduce the negotiating rights of public employees.同时那儿有一个转向许多州试图降低公众从业人员谈判的权利。

同时,一些州正试图削减工人们的谈判权利。

Yet worries that state and local governments might not be able to repay their debts are now adding to the costs of borrowing. 仍担心的是州的当地政府也许不能够偿还那些不断增加借贷成本的债务。

对中央和州政府不能偿还债务的担心日渐转换为对借贷成本的担忧。

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