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AGRICULTURE REPORT – Wheat Production Rises in Face of World Demand

楼主:Jack Chow 日期: 回贴:1 浏览:

AGRICULTURE REPORT – Wheat Production Rises in Face of World Demand
农业报告——小麦产量上升面对世界需求

By Jerilyn Watson / Broadcast date: Tuesday, February 26, 2008
Jerilyn Watson编辑 播送日期:2008年2月26日,星期二

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.
这里是VOA特别英语之农业报告

Wheat supplies around the world are at their lowest level in thirty years. Wheat supplies in the United States are at their lowest in sixty years.
30年来世界各地的小麦供应处于世界最低水平。在美国,小麦供应量是60年来的最低水平。

But the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization in Rome has some good news. It says a big increase in winter wheat plantings in northern countries is likely to result in much higher production this year. The F.A.O. points out, though, that these predictions are based on normal weather conditions.
但是位于罗马的联合国食品农业组织传来了好消息:位于北部国家的冬小麦种植量的大增,很可能使得今年小麦产量跟高些。联合国食品农业组织指出,这些预测是以正常天气状况为基础。

Wheat production last year is now estimated at just over six hundred million tons. That was up one percent from two thousand six -- not as much as had been hoped. Almost all of the increase was among large producers in Asia.
去年小麦产量估计超过60亿吨,这仅比2006年上涨1%,不如期望的高。这些增长几乎都是在亚洲的大型产量地。

Prices are up sharply for wheat but also for most other cereal crops. The F.A.O. says big production increases may be required for more than one season for prices to fall much below their recent highs.
不仅小麦的价格在猛烈上涨,其他谷类农作物大多都如此。联合国食品农业组织指明:为使价格从目前最高记录大幅下落,农作物大产量增加可能会被要求多余一个季度。

The United States Department of Agriculture has come out with its own agricultural predictions, to the year two thousand seventeen. Wheat plantings in the United States are expected to rise sharply this year in reaction to high prices. But wheat hectarage is expected to fall back for the longer term as a result of competition from other crops.
美国农业部已经公布了对自己直到2017年的农业预测。为应对高价格,美国小麦种植量(hectarage:公顷数,age的后缀意味collection of things。)有望在今年迅速增长。但由于其他农作物的竞争,小麦面积有望长期回落。

The United States is the leading exporter of wheat. The government says that by summer, American farmers will export one-fifth more than earlier predicted. But demand is also up at home. More wheat is needed for animal feed to replace corn being grown to make fuel.
美国是小麦的主要出口国。政府说到夏季时,美国农场主将会出口五分之一的小麦,这比早期预测的要多。但是国内需求也在增大。更多的小麦被动物饲养需要,取代了为生产燃料而一直种植的玉米。

World wheat supplies are also down because in some countries, including the United States, bad weather has reduced production.
在包括美国在内的一些国家,因为天气恶劣导致小麦减产,所以世界小麦供应量也在下降。

Something else that can reduce wheat production is the wheat curl mite. In nineteen ninety-five, it caused about thirty-five million dollars in damage in the American Midwest. It causes an infection called wheat streak mosaic virus.
其他可以使小麦减产的就是小麦卷叶螨虫。在1995年,这种虫子使得美国中西部损失3.5亿美元。它还引起了一场被称为小麦纺锤状条纹花叶病毒的传染病。

Government experts say pesticides are not especially effective against the wheat curl mite. But this year, the Agricultural Research Service at the Department of Agriculture is making a new winter wheat available to resist the virus.
政府部门的专家说,用杀虫剂对付卷叶虫并不是非常有效。但今年农业部下属的农业研究中心正在生产一种有能力抵抗这种病毒的新系冬小麦。

Robert Graybosch developed it with scientists from the University of Nebraska at Lincoln and Kansas State University. The new wheat is called Mace. The scientists say in tests, two to three times more Mace was harvested from virus- infected fields than other kinds of wheat.
Robert Graybosch与来自位于Lincoln的内布拉斯加州大学和堪萨斯州大学的科学家一起研制这种冬小麦。新小麦名为Mace。科学家们说在试验中,三分之二的Mace小麦在病毒感染试验田中获得丰收,这多于其他品种的小麦。

And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Jerilyn Watson. I'm Bob Doughty.

以上内容是VOA特别英语——农业报告,由Jerilyn Watson编辑。Bob Doughty.为您播送。


本人第一次翻译
大四工科学生
英语不好
如有不妥之处
请大家见谅
同时希望大家多提意见
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