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学习笔记8.28-ECONOMICS REPORT(上)

楼主:lily 日期: 回贴:0 浏览:

9月1日

In the last thirty years, American businesses have increasingly used suppliers in China and all over the world. This helped fuel a current account deficit of seven hundred thirty-one billion dollars last year. The current account is a measure of the difference between a country's income and its current spending.
在过去30年里,美国公司不断采纳中国和全球的供应商。这推高了经常项目的逆差,(去年为7310亿美元)。经常项目是一个国家收入与开支差额的衡量。

12 a current account ⑴经常项目(貌似是个经济术语)
balance on current account 经常项目收支/经常项目平衡
⑵活期帐户、来往账(current account)
I should like to open a current account.
我想开一个活期存款帐户。
current ['kʌrənt] n. (水、气、电)流,趋势 a. 流通的,现在的,最近的
词形变化:名词:currentness 副词:currently
例句与用法:This word is no longer in current use.
这个词现在已经不再使用。
The current is strongest in the middle of the river.
河中央的水流最急。
This button switches the current on.
这个电钮接通电流。

13 deficit ['defisit] n. 赤字,不足,缺乏
The current trade deficit indicates a serious imbalance between our import and export trade.
当前的贸易赤字表明我们的进出口贸易严重失调.
We have a great deficit this year.
我们今年有很大亏损。
The company had a deficit of 5000 dollars.
公司亏空了五千美元。

14 a measure of 分量,程度

15 the difference between a country's income and its current spending国家收入与开支差额

Even so, many companies profited by importing goods from foreign suppliers as world trade barriers fell and oil prices were low. But wage costs have risen in China. And now, with oil so costly, many economists wonder how wise it is to make products far from home markets.
即便如此,当世界贸易壁垒消失并且油价低廉时,许多公司从外国供应商进口货物而盈利。但是,中国人工成本不断上涨;目前,石油昂贵,许多经济学家怀疑在远离本土市场制造产品是否明智。

16世界贸易壁垒 world trade barriers

barrier ['bæriə] n. 界线,屏障,障碍 v. 以屏障隔开
The ice skater rammed into the barrier. 溜冰者撞到护栏上了.
The crowd linked arms to form a barrier. 群众臂挽著臂组成人墙.
The lorry shaved the barrier, scraping its side.那辆卡车掠过路障,刮坏了车身。
The Sahara Desert is a natural barrier between north and central Africa.
撒哈拉沙漠是北非与中非之间的天然屏障。
Heavy duties on imports and exports are a barrier to international trade.
进出口的高关税是国际贸易的障碍。
The horse took the barrier easily. 那匹马轻松地越过了障碍。

17 wage costs 人工成本
wage[weidʒ] n. 薪水,报偿,代价 v. 开始,进行(战争、运动)

9月2日

A recent report by Jeff Rubin and Benjamin Tal at the Canadian bank CIBC said shipping inflation is taking the place of the old trade tariffs. For example, in the year two thousand, the cost to send a twelve-meter shipping container from Shanghai to the American East Coast was three thousand dollars. Now the cost has risen to eight thousand dollars.
加拿大银行CIBC的Jeff Rubin和Benjamin Tal最新报告说,海上运输成本上升代替了原贸易关税。例如,在2000年,12米运输货柜从上海运输到美国的成本是3000美元;而现在,成本上升到8000美元。

18 海上运输成本上升: shipping inflation (注意说法)

19 原贸易关税:the old trade tariffs
tariff ['tærif] n.\v. 关税
动词过去式:tariffed 过去分词:tariffed 现在分词:tariffing 第三人称单数:tariffs
The government decided to impose a protective tariff on foreign cars.
政府决定对进口汽车征收保护税。

20 take the place of 代替 取代
take place 发生
take one’s place 取代某人

High transportation costs have already affected China's foreign trade. The rate of export growth decreased from about twenty-seven percent a year ago to twenty-two percent in the first half of this year.
高运输成本已经影响到中国的外贸。出口增长率从一年前的大约27%下降到上半年的22%。

20出口增长率:The rate of export growth
21上半年:in the first half of the year

To cut transportation costs, some companies are opening factories in countries where they sell their products. Sweden's Ikea, the world's largest seller of home furniture, just opened its first factory in the United States in Virginia.
为了降低运输成本,一些公司在他们出售产品的国家开设工厂。瑞典的宜家,世界最大家具商,刚刚在美国的弗吉尼亚开设了第一家工厂。

22降低运输成本:cut transportation costs (用的是cut)
23瑞典的宜家: Sweden's Ikea
[‘swi:dn]
24佛吉尼亚(州)[美国] Virginia [və(:)'dʒinjə] n.(一些常用的人名、地名企业的名字应该记牢)
25 furniture['fə:nitʃə] n. 家具

英语都忘光了,最近才想捡起来,所以每天不求多,只求记住,目前只学了半篇,希望互相交流!
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