官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月
您的位置:首页 > 英语学习论坛

翻译研讨:2008.12.03 HEALTH REPORT

楼主:Jack Chow 日期: 回贴:2 浏览:

HEALTH REPORT - Study Looks at Mental Disorders in College-Age Adults

健康报道——大学在读成年人的精神障碍调查

This is the VOA Special English Health Report.

这里是 VOA 特别英语健康报道

A new study in the United States says mental disorders appear to be common in college-age adults, but most do not seek treatment.

美国一项新的调查表明大学在读成人普遍患有精神障碍,可是大部分人没有寻求治疗。

Researchers at the New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University in New York City did the study. It appears this month in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

纽约州精神病学研究所和哥伦比亚大学研究人员做了此项调查,并于本月在《普通精神医学纪要》中发表。

The study compared the mental health of college students to that of non-students the same age. About half of Americans age eighteen to twenty-four attend college.

这份调查将同年龄的在读大学生和非大学生的精神健康进行了对比。年龄在 18 到 24 岁之间美国人大约一半在上大学。

The information used in the study came from five thousand college-age men and women. They were questioned for a national survey between two thousand one and two thousand two. About two thousand of them were college students.

调查资料来源于 5000 名大学在读的男人和女人。为了这项全国调查,在 2001 年和 2002 年他们接受调查者的询问。在被调查者中,约有 2000 人是在读大学生。

The questioners were not doctors but trained interviewers. The questions were based on symptoms listed in a book widely used by doctors to identify mental disorders.

调查者不是医生而是受过训练的采访人员。调查题目是基于一些疾病症状的,这些症状罗列在一本书中,医生广泛使用他们来辨别精神障碍。

The researchers found that twenty percent of college students abused alcohol -- the most common disorder in that group. Personality disorders, like obsessive compulsive disorder, came next. The study says almost eighteen percent of college students appeared to have a personality disorder. That was true of about twenty-two percent of those not in college.

研究人员发现 20% 的在读大学生酗酒,这也是这个群体中最常见的病症。人格障碍,比如强迫症,位列其次。调查表明将近 18% 的在读大学生似乎患有人格障碍,而同年龄非大学生中的比例将近 22% 。

The college students were also less likely to have a drug-use disorder, nicotine dependence or bipolar disorder. And they were less likely to have used tobacco. But their risk of alcohol disorders was greater.

大学生也不太可能患有药物使用障碍、尼古丁依赖或者躁狂抑郁性精神病,而且他们也不大可能吸烟,但是他们酗酒的危险是比较大的。

The National Institutes of Health and the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention helped pay for the study.

美国国立卫生研究院和美国自杀预防基金会负担此次调查的费用。

Over all, the study found that almost half of all the college-age individuals showed signs of at least one psychiatric disorder. The researchers say this age group may be especially sensitive to disorders because of the great pressures of entering adulthood. Yet they say only one–fourth sought treatment.

纵观此项调查,它表明将近半数的在读大学生显露出至少一种精神障碍的迹象。研究人员说这个年龄的群体由于进入成年而有很大的压力,对精神障碍非常敏感。

Joseph Glenmullen is a psychiatrist at Harvard Medical School who believes that psychiatric medications are overused. He told the Bloomberg news agency that the finding of a psychiatric disorder in about half of those studied "seems extraordinarily high."

Joseph Glenmullen 是哈佛大学医学院的精神科医师,他认为精神病药物被过度使用。他告诉彭博新闻社,在半数的调查人群中,精神障碍的调查似乎相当的高。

He says it may represent what he called "a watering down of the diagnostic criteria such that they capture more people with milder symptoms.'' What he is saying is that more people may be told they have a mental disorder because the definitions have been widened.

他说这说明了他称之为:“诊断标准的淡化致使研究人员得到更多患有轻微的症状的。”他意思是因为精神障碍的定义已经被宽泛了,所以更多的人可能会被告知患有精神障碍。

And that's the VOA Special English Health Report. I'm Steve Ember.

以上就是 VOA 特别英语健康报道,我是史蒂文安巴尔。

分享到:
1楼 作者:wj 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

Thanks for your share!

But I have one add : spear to means "看来像是(看来似乎) ".

A new study in the United States says mental disorders appear to be common in college-age adults, but most do not seek treatment.

美国一项新的调查表明精神障碍似乎普遍存在校大学生,可是大部分人没有寻求治疗。

2楼 作者:Jack Chow 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
回复wj
的确是,翻译之后没有细致检查。
谢谢指教!

版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台