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翻译研讨:12/30/2008 Agriculture Report:边缘土地,大有用处

楼主:bingbing 日期: 回贴:5 浏览:

Finding Uses for Marginal Lands 边缘土地,大有用处

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report. 这里是美国之音特别节目《农业报道》。

We have a question from Jonah Ojowu in Benue State, Nigeria, about a subject we have discussed in the past. Jonah is a postgraduate student in soil and water management at the University of Agriculture in Makurdi. He would like information about the management of marginal lands. 我们从尼日利亚 贝努埃州的乔纳·奥久乌那里得到一个问题,是我们过去曾经谈讨过的话题。乔纳是马库尔迪农业大学土壤和水管理专业的研究生。他想要得到有关边缘土地(撂荒地)管理的一些信息。

"Marginal" lands might have low quality soil. Or they might be on a hillside that rises sharply. Or they might be in an area that gets limited rainfall. In any case, they are the last to be planted under good conditions and the first to be avoided under bad conditions. “边缘的”土地的土质或许很差。或者,这些土地可能都位于陡峭的山角。或者,它们是在降雨量十分有限的地区。不管怎么说,它们是在优越条件下最后种植,也是在最差条件下最先避免使用的土地。

But there are uses for marginal lands. Most often they are used as grasslands for cattle, sheep or goats. A farmer might use native grasses or non-native seed. Either way, it is important to establish good ground cover to avoid the loss of soil through erosion . 但是,边缘土地有很多用处。通常情况下,它们可用于放牧牛羊的草地。一位农民可能使用本地牧草或者非本地种子。不管采用哪种方式,建立良好的土地植被,避免由于冲蚀而造成的土壤流失十分重要。

Forage crops like clover and alfalfa could be planted. These members of the legume family provide high protein food for grazing animals. They also improve the quality of the soil. 像三叶草、苜蓿这样的草料作物可以种植。这些豆科植物为放牧动物提供了高蛋白的食物。它们还能改善土壤质量。

Most plants use up nitrogen. Legumes put nitrogen back into the soil. Forage crops also help reduce erosion of the soil. 大多数植物会用完氮(肥),豆科植物把氮返回土壤中。草料作物也有助于减低土壤的冲蚀。

But using marginal land for grazing is not as simple as it might sound. Cattle can damage forage crops by eating down to the roots. Also, their weight crushes the soil. That can make the ground too hard for growing. 但是,使用边缘土地放牧并不是听上去那么简单。牲口吃掉草料作物的根部就会毁坏作物。它们的体重也会挤压土壤,使土壤变得坚硬,不适合种植其他作物。

A way to reduce the damage from overgrazing is to move animals from one field to another. Experts say rotational grazing like this is extremely important for marginal land. We will talk more about rotational grazing next week. 有一种减少过度放牧,避免毁坏土壤的办法,就是把动物从一个牧场赶到另一个牧场。专家说,像这样的轮流放牧对边缘的土地极其重要。下周,我们将谈论更多有关轮牧的话题。

Another use for marginal land is for tree crops. Trees help support the soil. They reduce the damaging effects of wind and rain. And they can provide grazing animals with shade from the sun. 边缘土地的另一个用处是种树。树木有助于加固土壤。它们能减低刮风下雨对土壤的破坏作用。并且,树木还能给放牧的牛羊提供阴凉。

Studies have shown that the white pine and loblolly pine are two kinds of trees that grow well on marginal land. They grow fast and provide good quality wood. Another kind to consider is the poplar . And there are slower-growing trees like the black walnut that provide a nut crop as well as wood. 已有研究表明,白色松和火炬松是两种能在边缘土地生长良好的树种。它们长得快,而且木质好。另一种可以考虑的树种是白杨。还有成长较慢的树,如黑胡桃,它既长坚果,又有木料。

Marginal lands need care. Failing to take that care might only make a bad situation worse. But good planning can turn a marginal resource into a highly productive one. 边缘土地需要护理。监管不力只会使情况更加糟糕。但是,经过精心筹划,就会使边缘土地资源转变为高产出、高回报的土地。

And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Mario Ritter. Archives are at www.unsv.com, where you can also contact us with questions that we might be able to answer on our program. I'm Steve Ember.

这里是美国之音特别节目《农业报道》,由马里欧·里特尔撰稿。查阅相关资料,请登陆 www.unsv.com ,你也可以给我们提问,我们将在节目中一一回答。 我是斯蒂文·伊姆博。

 ( 2008-12-30 译)

分享到:
1楼 作者:justlikeu999@163.com 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

我们有一个来自尼日利亚 贝努埃州的(听众)Jonah Ojowu 提到的问题,也是我们过去谈到的一个话题。

楼主看这样译顺不?

2楼 作者:简简 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
译的很棒,支持一下
3楼 作者:lsd-33 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

探讨:

A farmer might use native grasses or non-native seed.

农民可能会用天然草场或是由草种种植的草场。

我认为这句话这样译更合理一些,请指教。

4楼 作者:lsd-33 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
white pine  五针松
5楼 作者:kincin 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

white pine

美国五针松

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