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英语学习笔记 1/1/2009 The Making of a Nation

楼主:Tracy Lovell 日期: 回贴:1 浏览:

学到的新知识

1 、 Van Buren had been very close to the outgoing president, Andrew Jackson.

2 、 Van Buren built up the national Democratic Party

3 、 Andrew Jackson offered to resign after the eighteen thirty-two elections and give Van Buren the job of president.

Van Buren rejected the offer. He said he wanted to be elected by the people. ……

4 、 Van Buren had been president for just a few days when an economic crisis and a political storm struck the country.

5 、 A crowd of angry people heard speakers criticize the use of paper money.

学到的新词汇

1、 outgoing 与词汇英文解释

out go in g

1 someone who is outgoing likes to meet and talk to new people:

We're looking for someone with an outgoing personality.

2 outgoing president/chancellor etc

someone who will soon finish their time as president etc

3 [only before noun] going out or leaving a place [≠ incoming] :

the tray for outgoing mail

outgoing phone calls

2 、 secretary 与词汇英文解释

a) PGO also Secretary of State the head of an important department in the British Government:

the Foreign Secretary

3 、 Democratic ( the national Democratic Party ) 与词汇英文解释

the Democratic Party

one of the two main political parties of the US [ ↪ the Republican Party]

4 、 resignation

res ig na tio n W3

1 [uncountable and countable] BE when you officially announce that you have decided to leave your job or an organization, or a written statement that says you will be leaving [ ↪ notice] :

The governor refused to accept Cox's resignation.

a letter of resignation

hand in/tender your resignation (=officially say that you want to resign)

2 [uncountable] when someone calmly accepts a situation that cannot be changed, even though it is bad:

She gave a sigh of resignation.

with resignation

He accepted her decision with resignation.

5 、 Senate ( in the Senate )

sen at e , Senate

1 PGP

a)

the Senate

the smaller and more important of the two parts of the government with the power to make laws, in countries such as the US, Australia, and France:

The Senate approved the bill.

b) [countable] a similar part of the government in many US states:

the California state senate

2

the Senate

PG the highest level of government in ancient Rome

3 [countable] SEC the governing council at some universities

6 、 inaugural ( In his inaugural speech )

in au gu ra l [only before noun]

1 an inaugural speech is the first given by someone who is starting an important job:

the President's inaugural address

the inaugural lecture of the new Professor of American Literature

2 an inaugural event is the first in a planned series of similar events:

Concorde's inaugural flight

the inaugural match of Major League Soccer

—inaugural noun [countable] American English

More than 200,000 people attended Carter's inaugural.

7 、 opposed

op pose d [not before noun]

1

be opposed to something

to disagree with something such as a plan or system:

Most of us are opposed to the death penalty.

2 two ideas that are opposed to each other are completely different from each other:

The principles of capitalism and socialism are diametrically opposed (=completely opposite) .

3

as opposed to something

used to compare two things and show that they are different from each other:

Students discuss ideas, as opposed to just copying from books

8 、 vetoed

ve t o 1 past tense and past participle vetoed , present participle vetoing , third person singular vetoes [transitive]

1 P if someone in authority vetoes something, they refuse to allow it to happen, especially something that other people or organizations have agreed

veto legislation/a measure/a proposal etc

President Bush vetoed the bill on July 6.

2 to refuse to accept a particular plan or suggestion:

Jenny wanted to invite all her friends, but I quickly vetoed that idea.

9 、 surrender ( surrender the government surplus )

surrender to something

to allow yourself to be controlled or influenced by something:

Colette surrendered to temptation and took out a cigarette.

10 、 protest

pro tes t 2

1 [intransitive and transitive] to come together to publicly express disapproval or opposition to something

protest against/at/about

Thousands of people blocked the street, protesting against the new legislation.

protest something American English

Students protested the decision.

2 [intransitive and transitive] to say that you strongly disagree with or are angry about something because you think it is wrong or unfair:

'I don't see why I should take the blame for this!' she protested.

protest that

Clive protested that he hadn't been given enough time to do everything.

3 [transitive] to state very firmly that something is true, when other people do not believe you

protest (that)

Sarah protested that she wasn't Mick's girlfriend.

Years later, he is still protesting his innocence.

11 、 grain ( flour and grain )

grain

1

food a) [uncountable] TACDF the seeds of crops such as corn, wheat, or rice that are gathered for use as food, or these crops themselves:

big sacks of grain

Last year's grain harvest was the biggest ever.

b) [countable] TACDF a single seed of corn, wheat etc:

grains of rice

2

l [singular] the natural lines you can see in a substance such as wood, which are the result of its structure

along the grain (=in the same direction as the grain)

Cut along the grain of the wood.

across the grain (=at 90 degrees to the grain)

3 [countable] a single very small piece of a substance such as sand or salt

grain of

a grain of sand

There were crumbs and grains of sugar on the table.

4 a grain of something

a very small amount of something:

The story wouldn't have fooled anyone with a grain of sense.

There is a grain of truth in all folklore and legend.

5

against the grain

if something goes against the grain, it is not what you would naturally or normally do:

Mary is always honest and it went against the grain to tell lies.

6

measure [countable] TM the smallest unit for measuring weight, equal to about 0.06 grams. It is used for weighing medicines

take something with a pinch/grain of salt

12 swearing-in [singular]

a ceremony in which someone with a new public job or position officially promises to do their duty well

13 re ‧ mov e 1 S2 W1 from a job o

1 、 He removed from government jobs people who had not supported Jackson.

re ‧ mov e 1 S2 W1 from a job ob

to force someone out of an important position or dismiss them from a job

remove somebody from something

Congress could remove the President from office.

发现的实用表达

1 、 It was this party that gave Jackson wide support for his policies.

2 、 He resigned because he saw his resignation as the only way of solving a serious problem Jackson faced.

3 、 And he wanted to get them out of the cabinet ... but without a political fight.

4 、 Andrew Jackson stood beside Martin Van Buren as the new president was sworn-in .

Physically , the two men were very different.

5 、 It was a very able speech

"Was Mister Van Buren for or against the import tax?"

6 、 As more and more paper money was put into use, the value of the money fell.

7 、 Eighteen thirty-five and eighteen thirty-seven were bad years for American agriculture. Many crops failed.

遇到的疑难问题

暂无

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