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英语词语典故:2009/01/10 马戏:有人赞同这是世界上最伟大的表演

楼主:aaaaatoz 日期: 回贴:7 浏览:

标为红色的文字,是我听写这篇稿子时出错的地方,希望对你也有参考价值。

Now the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.

Circus is a word with a long interesting history. It is a Latin word that means ring or circle.

One of the most famous places in ancient Roma(Rome) was The Circus <unknow>(Maximus)
. It was a kind of round stadium with roads and(rows of ) seats all along(around) the inside of it. Roma(Roman) citizens gathered there to watch races, games and violent bloody fights.

The modern circus developed in the 19th century. It was a traveling show of animals and people working under a large tent, later known as the Big Top.

Traveling circus was (circuses were) popular in the US and Britain before 1830. A circus moved from town to town putting on shows with trained animals, acrobats doing difficult tricks and funny colorful clowns.

Circuses still travel from place to place and they still have trained animal actors(acts), acrobats and clowns. Today('s) circuses usually have free(three,下同) rings. Something different takes place in each of the three rings at the same time. (The) heads of people watching a circus turn back and forth as they try to see every exciting act in each ring.

The circus has been popular for so long that it is not surprising that words and expressions connected with it are part of every day(everyday) speech. For example the word circus is used to describe any noisy place with a lot of activities going on. A teacher may use it when she walks into a room where the students are playing and talking instead of studying. She might say this place is a circus. Calm down and get your work done. And the room is really very noisy she may say: ”it is a three ring circus”.

Clowns are a very special part of a circus. They look funny with their big red noses made(painted) faces and clothes that are much (too,missing) larger for them. Everyone at a circus loves to watch the clown to(/) do tricks on each other. Clowns have a real purpose; to make people laugh. They always succeed.

We used expressions “to clown around” when we talk about someone playing tricks and making jokes. Usually a person is clowning around if he is being funny when he should be serious. In that case you may get angry and say: “Stop clowning around. This is a serious situation.”

(One of) The most celebrated American circus in 1900 was P.T Brenner(Barnum)’s "great(greatest) show on earth". Barnum’s circus had many new actors(acts). He began finding and training unusual animals, not just dogs and horses. One of the most popular Barnum’s animals was a huge elephant named Jumble(Jumbo). Jumbo was very large, much larger than other elephants. Soon anything that is the largest of its kind was called Jumbo. Today there are jumble drinks, jumble boxes of soap and jumble sells(sales) of cars.

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最佳回复 该帖于2009年1月13日被版主推荐为精华帖。

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1楼 作者:Webmaster 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
这个节目有正式的文本啊,你听写后自己对照原文认真检查下就可以,不必专门发帖。非常欢迎你能就听写中出现的一些问题,或者学习笔记,或者心得体会发帖与大家交流。
2楼 作者:aaaaatoz 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
1 -  作者:Webmaster -  创建于:2009-1-11 12:52
这个节目有正式的文本啊,你听写后自己对照原文认真检查下就可以,不必专门发帖。非常欢迎你能就听写中出现的一些问题,或者学习笔记,或者心得体会发帖与大家交流。

 初来乍到,多谢提醒

3楼 作者:aaaaatoz 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

我的翻译:

Now, the Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.
这里是特别英语节目:《词汇和他们的故事》

Circus is a word with a long, interesting history. It is a Latin word that means "ring" or "circle."
Circus(马戏团)是个有历史的有趣词汇,它是一个拉丁词本意是 “环”或“圆”。

One of the most famous places in ancient Rome was the Circus Maximus. It was a kind of round stadium with rows of seats all around the inside of it. Roman citizens gathered there to watch races, games and violent, bloody fights.
古罗马最有名的场所一直就是“斗兽场”,它是一个圆形的场馆,内有很多排椅子,罗马市民曾聚集在这里观看竞赛,游戏以及残酷而血腥的角斗。

The modern circus developed in the nineteenth century. It was a travelling show of animals and people working under a large tent, later known as the Big Top.
现代马戏团发源于19世纪,它是一个巡回演出,动物和人都在一个大帐篷里表演,这后来称为Big Top(马戏团的主帐篷)

Travelling circuses were popular in the United States and Britain before eighteen thirty. A circus moved from town to town, putting on shows with trained animals, acrobats doing difficult tricks, and funny, colorful clowns.
19世纪三十年代前,巡回马戏团在英美很流行,马戏团在各个城市之间巡游,推出各种训练有素的动物表演,高难度杂技和各种有趣的小丑。

Circuses still travel from place to place. And they still have trained animal acts, acrobats and clowns. Today's circuses usually have three rings. Something different takes place in each of the three rings at the same time. The heads of people watching a circus turn back and forth as they try to see every exciting act in each ring.
现在马戏团仍旧在各地巡游,还有动物表演,杂技和小丑,现在马戏团通常有三个马戏帐篷,每个帐篷同时表演不同节目,人们在各个帐篷之间来回看,以便看到各个帐篷内的每一个精彩表演。

The circus has been popular for so long that it is not surprising that words and expressions connected with it are part of everyday speech.
马戏团已经盛行很长时间,每天日常生活中有很多词汇与之相关就一点也不奇怪了。

For example, the word circus is used to describe any noisy place with a lot of activities going on.
比如,circus(马戏团)这个词汇用于描述吵杂并有很多活动的场所,

A teacher may use it when she walks into a room where the students are playing and talking, instead of studying. She might say, "This place is a circus. Calm down and get your work done." And if the room is really noisy, she may say it is a three ring circus.
当老师进入一个教室,学生们没有学习,而是在玩耍和聊天时,她可以使用这个词汇。她可以说,这是个three ring circus(三个马戏场的马戏团)

Clowns are a very special part of the circus. They look funny with their big red noses, painted faces and clothes that are much too large for them. Everyone at a circus loves to watch the clowns do tricks on each other. Clowns have a real purpose: to make people laugh. They always succeed.
小丑式马戏团的特殊一员,他们戴着大红鼻子,画着脸,衣服比实际的宽大很多,看上去很好笑。每一个去看马戏的人都喜欢看小丑们互相作弄。小丑们的真实目的是:逗人笑。他们总是能成功。

We use the expression to clown around when we talk about someone playing tricks and making jokes. Usually, a person is clowning around if he is being funny when he should be serious. In that case, you may get angry and say, "Stop clowning around. This is a serious situation."
我们可以用一个词“to clown around”(像小丑一样)来描述一个人逗乐或开玩笑。通常说这个人clown around(像小丑)是说这个人在该严肃的场合逗乐。在这种情况下,你也许很愤怒并嚷:“停止你的小丑表演,这可是一个正经场所”

The most celebrated American circus in the eighteen hundreds was P. T. Barnum's "Greatest Show on Earth." Barnum's circus had many new acts. He began finding and training unusual animals, not just dogs and horses.
19世纪最受欢迎的美国马戏团叫做P.T Barnum的“世上最精彩表演”,Barnum马戏团有很多新的表演,他发掘和训练一些特殊的动物,而不仅是狗和马。

One of the most popular of Barnum's animals was a huge elephant named Jumbo. Jumbo was very large, much larger than other elephants. Soon, anything that was the largest of its kind was called jumbo.
Barum的所有动物中,最受欢迎的是一个叫Jumbo的超大大象,Jumbo很大,比其他大象要大得多,因此,以后某类型动物中的最大号东西都叫Jombo(特大号的).

Today, there are jumbo drinks, jumbo boxes of soap, and jumbo sales of cars.
现在我们有了特大号饮料,特大号汤盒子以及汽车超级大甩卖。

This Special English WORDS AND THEIR STORIES program was written by Marilyn Rice Christiano. This is Bob Doughty.
本期英语特别节目《词汇和它们的故事》由Marilyn Rice撰稿,我是Bob Doughty.

4楼 作者:aaaaatoz 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

本文比较简单平实,我总结关键词如下

Key words:

[1] Ancient Rome :古罗马,记住衍生词: Roman :罗马人的,古罗马语。

[2] stadium :体育场 , 运动场 ; 球场 ; 竞技场。

[3] violent :暴力的,同根词 violence 。

[4] tent: 帐篷, camp

[5] acrobat :杂技演员 ; 特技演员。

[6] clown :小丑。

[7] purpose :目的 , 意图。同义词: a goal; an aim

[8] trick :恶作剧,诡计 ; 骗局 ; 谋略 ; 花招。

[9] celebrated :著名的,驰名的

[10] Jumbo :巨大的 ; 特大 ( 号 ) 的

还有就是本文自己讲述的词汇:

Circus

Three ring circus

clown around

jumbo

  第5楼 作者:nancy 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

Circus: Some Agree It Is the ‘Greatest Show On Earth’                  Jan 11,2009

一、背景学习资料

Circus is a word with a long, interesting history. It is a Latin word that means “ ring ” or “circle”.

Circus是一个很久,很有趣的历史,在拉丁文是环或圈的意思。

One of the most famous places in ancient Rome was the Circus Maximus. It was a kind of round stadium with rows of seats all around the inside of it. Roman citizens gathered there to watch races, games and violent, bloody fights.

Circus Maximus是古罗马最为著名的地方,它是一个露天型的大广场,它的四周围有许多排座位。罗马市民都聚集在这里观看竞赛,游戏及带有暴力,血腥的搏斗。

  The modern circus developed in the nineteenth century. It was a travelling show of animals and people working under a large tent, later known as the Big Top.

近代的杂技发源于十九世纪,它是动物与人类在一个大帐篷里的一种巡回表演,之后被称为马戏蓬。

Travelling circuses were popular in the United States and Britain before eighteen thirty. A circus moved from town to town, putting on shows with trained animals, acrobats doing difficult tricks, and funny, colorful clowns.

巡回马戏团在1830年以前美国和英国是很流行的,一个马戏团从这个城镇转到另一个城镇巡回表演,训练有素的动物表演,杂技演员做的不同的表演,滑稽,有趣的小丑。

Circuses still travel from place to place. And they still have trained animal acts, acrobats and clowns.

马戏团仍然持续在各地巡回表演,他们仍然有驯兽表演,杂技演员和小丑表演。

Today’s circuses usually have three rings. Something different takes place in each of the three rings at the same time. The heads of people watching a circus turn back and forth as they try to see every exciting act in each ring.

今天的马戏团通常会有三个场区,在同一时间有三个帐篷同时表演着不同的节目,人们来回在这三个场区走动,试图看到每个场区内的每一个精彩节目。

The circus has been popular for so long that it is not surprising that words and expressions connected with it are part of everyday speech.

这个Circus已流行了很久,日常生活有许多的表述或词语与此有关但对此并不会感到吃惊。

For example, the word circus is used to describe any noisy place with a lot of activities going on.

例如,Circus曾用于描述有许多举办活动的吵杂地方。

A teacher may use it when she walks into a room where the students are playing and talking, instead of studying. She might say, “ This place is a circus. Calm down and get your work done.” And if the room is really noisy, she may say it is a thee ring circus.

当老师走进教室发现学生们并没有在学习而在玩耍说话,老师可能会用到这个单词,她可能会说:这简直就是马戏团,安静,写你们的作业。如果教室真的很乱的话,她可能会说这简直就是一个三个马戏场的马戏团

Clowns are a very special part of the circus. They look funny with their big red noses, painted faces and clothes that are much too large for them. Everyone at a circus loves to watch the clowns do tricks on each other. Clowns have a real purpose: to make people laugh. They always succeed.

小丑在马戏团里是很受欢迎的一部份,他们大的红鼻子,画的夸张的脸还有比本人着装要大上许多的衣服,这样看起来非常的有趣。在马戏团的每个人都喜欢看小丑们在那互相作弄,小丑的真正目的就是让人们笑,他们每次的表演总是成功。

We used the expression to clown around when we talk about someone playing tricks and making jokes. Usually, a person is clowning around if he is being funny when he should be serious. In that case, you may get angry and say, “ Stop clowning around. This is a serious situation.”

我们可以用一个词“to clown around”(像小丑一样)来描述一个人逗乐或开玩笑。通常,一个人在该严肃的场合反而逗乐,我们就会用到它说那个人很搞笑,像个小丑。如果那样的话你可能会很生气的说“不要笑了,这是个很严肃的地方。”

The most celebrated American circus in the eighteen hundreds was P. T. Barnum’s “Greatest Show on Earth.” Barnum’s circus had many new acts. He began finding and training unusal animals, not just dogs and horses.

美国马戏团在1800年最为有名的就是P. T. Barnum’s “世界上最精彩的表演.”,他的马戏团有许多新节目,他总是去寻找,训练不同的动物,不仅仅狗和马之类的。

One of the most popular of Barnum’s animals was a huge elephant named Jumbo. Jumbo was very large, much larger than other elephants. Soon, anything that was the largest of its kind was called jumbo.

Barnum’s里的动物最为有名的就是一只巨大的大象,它的名字叫Jumbo. Jumbo很大,要比其它的大象大许多。从此之后,对于许多关于大的东西都被叫做Jumbo.

Today, there are jumbo drinks, jumbo boxes of soap, and jumbo sales of cars.

今天,我们有特大型的饮料,超大型肥皂盒还有汽车超级大甩卖。

二、词汇与表达

1. Circus: 马戏团,杂技团

2. Latin: 拉丁文,拉丁语

3. Circle: , 圆周, , , 环状物, 圆形物,周期, 循环

4. Maximus: 敲奏编钟的一种技巧

5. Stadium: 露天大型运动场

6. Gather: 集合,聚集

7. Violent: 猛烈的,激烈的;

8. Bloody: 血腥的,嗜杀的

9. Big top: 大帐篷,马戏篷

10. travelling circus: 巡回马戏团

11. Acrobat: (走钢丝的)杂技演员, 随机应变者, 翻云覆雨者

12. Clown: 小丑, 粗鲁愚蠢的人

13. A circus ring: 马戏场

14. Take place: 发生

15. Turn back: v.使停止往前, 往回走, 翻回到, 重新提到, 折转, 挡住

16. Back and forth: 来来往往的,来回地

17.Calm down: v.平静下来, 镇定下来

18. Three ring circus: 三流地带

19. Jumbo: 庞然大物,巨大的

 

7楼 作者:jack 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
刚来社区,没有仔细翻贴,呵呵,以为没有此文翻译,我的翻译中有多处谬误,非常感谢
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