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翻译研讨:2009-02-24 农业报道——不是所有胡萝卜都是橘红色的

楼主:Yolanda 日期: 回贴:17 浏览:

红色部分是我不确定的。

AGRICULTURE REPORT - Not All Carrots Are Orange

Broadcast date: 2-24-2009 / Written by

From http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

这里是 VOA 慢速英语农业报告。

We talked last week about growing beets. Today we have advice about growing another root vegetable, carrots. Carrots are easy to raise and easy to harvest. They taste good. And they contain a lot of carotene, which the body makes into vitamin A.

上周我们谈了种甜菜。今天我们要谈谈如何种另外一种蔬菜,胡萝卜。胡萝卜易于种植,也易于收获,味道很好,富含人体生成维他命 A 所需的胡萝卜素。

When people think of carrots, they usually picture in their mind a vegetable that is long, thin and orange. But carrots come in many different sizes and shapes. And not all carrots are orange.

一想到胡萝卜,常常在人们脑中呈现出的画面就是一种细长的橘红色的蔬菜。但是胡萝卜有很多不同的大小和形状,而且并不是所有的胡萝卜都是橘红色的。

For example, Paris Market carrots are about five centimeters around. Imperator carrots are thin and about twenty-five centimeters long. And Belgian White carrots are, as their name suggests, white.

比如,巴黎卖场胡萝卜大约周长 5 厘米。将军胡萝卜很细,大约 25 厘米长。比利时白胡萝卜正如其名,是白色的。

For the best results, carrots should be grown in sandy soil that does not hold water for a long time. The soil also should have no rocks.

要想种得好,胡萝卜应该种在不能长久蓄水的沙地上,这种沙地也不可有岩石块。

To prepare your garden for carrots, dig up the soil, loosen it and turn it over. Then, mix in some plant material or animal fertilizer.

整理菜园种胡萝卜,先要掘土,松土,再翻土。然后加一些植物原料或者动物肥料进去。

Weather, soil conditions and age will affect the way carrots taste. Experts say warm days, cool nights and a medium soil temperature are the best conditions for growing carrots that taste great.

天气,土壤条件和时期都会影响胡萝卜的口味。专家们说温暖的白天、凉爽的夜间和中等的土壤温度是种植美味胡萝卜的最好的条件。

Carrots need time to develop their full sugar content. This gives them their taste. If they are harvested too early, they will not have enough sugar. But carrots loose their sweetness if you wait too long to pull them from the ground.

胡萝卜需要时间充分发育糖分。糖分能给胡萝卜好口味。如果胡萝卜被过早收获,就没有足够的糖分。但如果你等太久才把胡萝卜从地里拔出来,它们也会损失甜味。

The best way to judge if a carrot is ready to be harvested is by its color. Usually, the brighter the color, the better the taste.

判断是否可以收获胡萝卜最好的办法就是看颜色。通常,颜色越鲜亮,味道越好。

Many people do not know that carrots can be grown during the winter months. If the winter is not cold enough to freeze the ground, you can grow and harvest carrots the same way as during the summer months.

许多人不知道胡萝卜也能在冬天种植。如果冬天还没冷到地上冻, 你就能用在夏天一样的方式去种植收获胡萝卜。

If the ground does freeze in your part of the world, simply cover your carrot garden with a thick layer of leaves or straw. This will prevent the ground from freezing. You can remove the ground cover and harvest the carrots as they are needed.

如果在你那里地会上冻,可以很简单地将你的菜园盖上一厚层树叶或者稻草。这样可以阻止地被冻起来。 需要的话,你可以除去这些地表覆盖物收获胡萝卜。

Carrots are one of the world's most popular vegetables. They can be cooked and prepared many different ways. Or, once they are washed, they can be eaten just as they come out of the ground.

胡萝卜是世上最受欢迎的蔬菜之一。它们能用很多种方式烹饪。即使是刚把它们从地里拔出来,只要洗干净,就可以吃了。

And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report. For more agricultural advice, go to www.unsv.com for transcripts, MP3s and podcasts of our reports. And our e-mail address is special@voanews.com. I'm Jim Tedder.

----------------------------------------
最佳回复 该帖于2009年2月24日被版主推荐为精华帖。

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  第1楼 作者:sunny 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

AGRICULTURE REPORT - Not All Carrots Are Orange

 

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

这是voa 慢速英语农业报道。

We talked last week about growing beets. Today we have advice about growing another root vegetable, carrots. Carrots are easy to raise and easy to harvest. They taste good. And they contain a lot of carotene, which the body makes into vitamin A.

上周我们讨论了如何种甜菜。今天就种植另一种食根植物——胡萝卜,给出一些建议。胡萝卜容易种植,易于收获。它们很好吃,富含胡萝卜素,人体可以将其转化为维生素A

When people think of carrots, they usually picture in their mind a vegetable that is long, thin and orange. But carrots come in many different sizes and shapes. And not all carrots are orange.

人们想到胡萝卜时,脑海中常浮现出一种细长的,橙色蔬菜的图像。但是胡萝卜形态大小各异。而且并不是所有的胡萝卜都是橙色的。

For example, Paris Market carrots are about five centimeters around. Imperator carrots are thin and about twenty-five centimeters long. And Belgian White carrots are, as their name suggests, white.

例如,巴黎市场胡萝卜约有5cm长,帝王萝卜则是细长的,约25cm .比利时白萝卜正如他们名字所说的,是白色的。

For the best results, carrots should be grown in sandy soil that does not hold water for a long time. The soil also should have no rocks.

胡萝卜最好种在蓄水能力差的沙质土壤里。而且土壤中不能有石头。

To prepare your garden for carrots, dig up the soil, loosen it and turn it over. Then, mix in some plant material or animal fertilizer.

将要在花园准备种胡萝卜时,需挖坑松土,然后混合植物或动物肥料填埋。

Weather, soil conditions and age will affect the way carrots taste. Experts say warm days, cool nights and a medium soil temperature are the best conditions for growing carrots that taste great.

天气,土壤性质,生长期影响胡萝卜的味道。专家称温暖的白天,凉爽的夜晚,适宜的土壤温度是培育味到可口的胡萝卜的最佳条件。

Carrots need time to develop their full sugar content. This gives them their taste. If they are harvested too early, they will not have enough sugar. But carrots loose their sweetness if you wait too long to pull them from the ground.

胡萝卜需要时间积累糖分。这样才有味道。如果收获太早,含糖量就小。但如果放在土里很长时间也不挖出来,糖分也会降低。

The best way to judge if a carrot is ready to be harvested is by its color. Usually, the brighter the color, the better the taste.

判断胡萝卜是否可以收获的最好方法,就是看他的颜色。一般来讲,颜色越鲜亮,味道越好。

Many people do not know that carrots can be grown during the winter months. If the winter is not cold enough to freeze the ground, you can grow and harvest carrots the same way as during the summer months.

很多人不知道冬季也可以种胡萝卜。如果冬天不至于冷得冻结土地,那就可以像夏天一样播种收获胡萝卜。

If the ground does freeze in your part of the world, simply cover your carrot garden with a thick layer of leaves or straw. This will prevent the ground from freezing. You can remove the ground cover and harvest the carrots as they are needed.

如果你们那的土地真的会冻结,就在胡萝卜地里盖上一层叶子或草。这样可以防止土地冻结。你可以在需要收获的时候,移开覆盖物,拿出胡萝卜。

Carrots are one of the world's most popular vegetables. They can be cooked and prepared many different ways. Or, once they are washed, they can be eaten just as they come out of the ground.

胡萝卜是时间上最受欢迎的蔬菜之一。它们的烹调方法很多。或者,从土里拔出来时,洗洗就能吃。

And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report. For more agricultural advice, go to www.unsv.com for transcripts, MP3s and podcasts of our reports. And our e-mail address is special@voanews.com. I'm Jim Tedder.

以上是voa慢速英语的农业报道。需要更多的农业建议请到www.unsv.com ,那里有我们报道的副本,mp3,播客。我们的邮箱地址是special@voanews.com。我是Jim Tedder

  第2楼 作者:Yolanda 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

Paris Market carrots are about five centimeters around

这句话里的‘around’ 该做周长解。因为about已经表示了大约的意思。如果around做‘大约’解,位置应该和about一样。

Oxford Advanced Learner's English-Chinese Dictionary中的例句和翻译:

an old tree that was six feet around 一棵周长6英尺的老树.

3楼 作者:Xiehongxia 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

AGRICULTURE REPORT - Not All Carrots Are Orange

农业报道—胡萝卜并非都是桔黄色

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

这里是美国之音特别英语农业报道

We talked last week about growing beets. Today we have advice about growing another root vegetable, carrots.

上星期我们讨论了甜菜的生长,今天,我们来讨论另外一种根菜即胡萝卜的生长。

Carrots are easy to raise and easy to harvest. They taste good. And they contain a lot of carotene, which the body makes into vitamin A.

胡萝卜易于种植也易于收获,而且味道鲜美,富含胡萝卜素,补充身体所需的维他命 A 。

When people think of carrots, they usually picture in their mind a vegetable that is long, thin and orange. But carrots come in many different sizes and shapes. And not all carrots are orange. For example, Paris Market carrots are about five centimeters around.Imperator carrots are thin and about twenty-five centimeters long.And Belgian White carrots are, as their name suggests, white.

一提起胡萝卜,人们的脑海里往往会出现一种又长又细,橙色的蔬菜形象。但其实胡萝卜的大小和形状不尽相同,而且并不是所有的胡萝卜都是桔黄色的。比如说,巴黎市场上的胡萝卜周长约 5 公分 ,古罗马的胡萝卜是细长的,长约 25 公分 ,比利时的白胡萝卜一如它们的命名,是白色的。

For the best results, carrots should be grown in sandy soil that does not hold water for a long time. The soil also should have no rocks.

为了达到最佳的种植结果,胡萝卜应该生长在沙质土壤中,且长期不能含水,土壤中也不能有岩石。

To prepare your garden for carrots, dig up the soil, loosen it and turn it over. Then, mix in some plant material or animal fertilizer.

准备种植胡萝卜的菜园,开挖土壤,松动并翻动它,然后混合入一些植物肥或动物肥。

Weather, soil conditions and age will affect the way carrots taste. Experts say warm days, cool nights and a medium soil temperature are the best conditions for growing carrots that taste great.

天气、土壤状况及土壤年份将会影响胡萝卜的味道。专家称白天温暖、夜间凉爽的天气环境加上适中的土壤温度是种植口感良好的胡萝卜的最佳条件。

Carrots need time to develop their full sugar content. This gives them their taste. If they are harvested too early, they will not have enough sugar. But carrots loose their sweetness if you wait too long to pull them from the ground.

胡萝卜需要时间来发展它们的全部含糖量,从而使之口感清甜,如果太早收获的话,胡萝卜还没有达到充足的含糖量,但太晚收获的话,又会损失糖分。

The best way to judge if a carrot is ready to be harvested is by its color. Usually, the brighter the color, the better the taste.

判断胡萝卜是否合适收获的最佳方法就是根据它的颜色,通常来说,颜色越鲜亮,味道越好。

Many people do not know that carrots can be grown during the winter months. If the winter is not cold enough to freeze the ground, you can grow and harvest carrots the same way as during the summer months. If the ground does freeze in your part of the world, simply cover your carrot garden with a thick layer of leaves or straw. This will prevent the ground from freezing. You can remove the ground cover and harvest the carrots as they are needed.

很多人都不知道胡萝卜可以在冬季生长,如果冬天天气不会冷到地表结冻的话,也可以按照夏天一样的生长方式进行或萝卜种植和收获。但如果在你的地区,冬季地表结冻的话,仅仅只需要用一层厚厚的树叶或稻草盖住胡萝卜菜园即可。这种方法可以防止地表结冻。收获胡萝卜的时候,你可以根据需要移开地表的覆盖物。

Carrots are one of the world's most popular vegetables. They can be cooked and prepared many different ways. Or, once they are washed, they can be eaten just as they come out of the ground.

胡萝卜是世界上最收欢迎的蔬菜之一,有多种方式进行烹饪以及准备(食用),即使刚刚从地里采摘的胡萝卜,只要经过清洗,即可食用。

4楼 作者:justlikeu999@163.com 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
看了整篇,感觉确实不错,到位...
  第5楼 作者:番茄月亮 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

We talked last week about growing beets. Today we have advice about growing another root vegetable, carrots. Carrots are easy to raise and easy to harvest. They taste good. And they contain a lot of carotene, which the body makes into vitamin A.

上周讨论了甜菜的种植话题。今天我们将报道另一种根茎蔬菜的种植方法:胡萝卜。胡萝卜易栽培易收获,味道不错,而且富含身体合成 VA 所需的胡萝卜素。

When people think of carrots, they usually picture in their mind a vegetable that is long, thin and orange. But carrots come in many different sizes and shapes. And not all carrots are orange.

当人们想到胡萝卜时,通常会在脑海中将它想象成橘色,瘦长的样子。但是胡萝卜大小形状不一,而且并不是所有的胡萝卜都是橘色的。

For example, Paris Market carrots are about five centimeters around. Imperator carrots are thin and about twenty-five centimeters long. And Belgian White carrots are, as their name suggests, white.


例如:巴黎市场上的胡萝卜身形环径大约 5 厘米,将军胡萝卜的瘦小,长大约 25 厘米长,而比利时的胡萝卜正如其名,是白色的。

For the best results, carrots should be grown in sandy soil that does not hold water for a long time. The soil also should have no rocks.

胡萝卜应种植在长期湿润的沙地里,且土壤里无砂石,这样胡萝卜的长势会很好。

To prepare your garden for carrots, dig up the soil, loosen it and turn it over. Then, mix in some plant material or animal fertilizer.

用于准备栽培胡萝卜的菜园,应开垦土地、松土和翻土,然后将一些植物或动物养料混入其中。

Weather, soil conditions and age will affect the way carrots taste. Experts say warm days, cool nights and a medium soil temperature are the best conditions for growing carrots that taste great.

天气、土壤条件和生长周期都将会影响胡萝卜的味道。专家称天气昼暖夜凉和适中的土壤温度都非常有利于口感绝佳的胡萝卜的生长。

Carrots need time to develop their full sugar content. This gives them their taste. If they are harvested too early, they will not have enough sugar. But carrots loose their sweetness if you wait too long to pull them from the ground.

胡萝卜需要时间形成足量的糖分,这就是它们的味道。如果收获过早,胡萝卜则糖分不足。但是如果种植时间过长以至于没有将他们拔出土壤,胡萝卜则会丧失甜味。

The best way to judge if a carrot is ready to be harvested is by its color. Usually, the brighter the color, the better the taste.

判断胡萝卜能否收获,最好的方法就是根据它的颜色。通常,颜色越鲜艳,口感越好。

Many people do not know that carrots can be grown during the winter months. If the winter is not cold enough to freeze the ground, you can grow and harvest carrots the same way as during the summer months.

许多人不知道冬季可以种植胡萝卜。如果冬天不是太冷,土壤没有结冰,那么种植和收获胡萝卜的方式和夏季一样。

If the ground does freeze in your part of the world, simply cover your carrot garden with a thick layer of leaves or straw. This will prevent the ground from freezing. You can remove the ground cover and harvest the carrots as they are needed.

如果你所处国家冬天土壤结冰,只需简单在胡萝卜菜地里盖一层树叶或稻草以防止土壤结冰。根据他们长势需要清除菜地里树叶或稻草和收获胡萝卜。

Carrots are one of the world's most popular vegetables. They can be cooked and prepared many different ways. Or, once they are washed, they can be eaten just as they come out of the ground.

胡萝卜是世界上最受欢迎的蔬菜之一,烹饪制作方式多样或刚出土的胡萝卜只要洗净,就可以生吃。

6楼 作者:violet_huang 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
不错,都想自己种carrot了。
  第7楼 作者:sunny 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
2 -  作者:Yolanda -  创建于:2009-2-24 13:1

Paris Market carrots are about five centimeters around

这句话里的‘around’ 该做周长解。因为about已经表示了大约的意思。如果around做‘大约’解,位置应该和about一样。

Oxford Advanced Learner's English-Chinese Dictionary中的例句和翻译:

an old tree that was six feet around 一棵周长6英尺的老树.

 i got it ,thank you ~

8楼 作者:Yolanda 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
这篇翻译的同学挺多啊,可能是因为短吧,呵呵。
9楼 作者:bolingqiu 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

If the ground does freeze in your part of the world, simply cover your carrot garden with a thick layer of leaves or straw. This will prevent the ground from freezing. You can remove the ground cover and harvest the carrots as they are needed.

如果在你那里地会上冻,可以很简单地将你的菜园盖上一厚层树叶或者稻草。这样可以阻止被冻起来。 需要的话,你可以除去这些地表覆盖物收获胡萝卜

You can remove the ground cover and harvest the carrots as they are needed.

When do you need to remove the cover?  The answer is when it is hot and wet , or when the carrots need to be harvested.

So the sentence means:  When it is hot and wet, you can remove the ground cover, leting the carrots grow better. Or when the carrots grows with bright orange, you can remove the cover and harvest them.

10楼 作者:Yolanda 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
bolingqiu,谢谢你的解释,那么你能给出一个读上去比较顺口的中文翻译吗
11楼 作者:bolingqiu 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
 You can remove the ground cover and harvest the carrots as they are needed.

 需要的话,你可以除去这些地表覆盖物收获胡萝卜。

可以翻译为:天气好转的时候,或者是到了收获的时候,把覆盖物挪走。

很多时候发现,按照句子的结构趋翻译,中文的表达一点都没错,但中文的意思不顺畅,甚至是不可理解。

这时候需要把真相译出来。这是因为语言的表达方式不一样,不能硬套。问题是你对原来的句子了解了多少?

看看下面这一句话:Past efforts have excluded homeowners who continue to pay their loans.

翻译成中文:此前的计划已经排除了继续还贷的房主。

译文一点错误都没有,但阅读中文的人不知道为什么不能继续还贷。 英文的continue有这样的意思:

continue: to start to do something again after a pause

所以原句可以表达为Previous agreetment have prevented the homeowners from paying their loans again after a pause.

意思是:按照旧合同, 一旦支付中断, 业主不能重启支付.

如果通不过这样的“同义解释”,其实是对句子的理解没有透彻,译文没有真相。

还有正文的一句话:

Weather, soil conditions and age will affect the way carrots taste.

天气,土壤条件和时期都会影响胡萝卜的口味。

Do you know what "age" stands for?

It sands for the soil age.

You can just write 土壤年龄in your Chiness versiion. At least, you have understood that age sands for soil age, though perhaps, most of us do not exactly know what soil age means.

12楼 作者:bolingqiu 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

Sorry that there are mistakes in my words above.

趋翻译should be 去翻译

versiion should be version

13楼 作者:Yolanda 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

Weather, soil conditions and age will affect the way carrots taste. 天气,土壤条件和时期都会影响胡萝卜的口味。

我觉得这里age不是指土壤年龄,而是指胡萝卜是否到了成熟的合适的时机,根据下文讲胡萝卜采摘早晚都会影响味道也能得出这个判断。

14楼 作者:bolingqiu 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
it's likely 
15楼 作者:tina 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

we are see carrots is red, but another people thing  of ......

  第16楼 作者:八月捕蝉 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
1.The soil also should have no rocks.

要想种得好,胡萝卜应该种在不能长久蓄水的沙地上,这种沙地也不有岩石。

2. Experts say warm days, cool nights and a medium soil temperature are the best conditions for growing carrots that taste great.

   专家们说温暖的白天、凉爽的夜晚适中的土壤温度是种植美味胡萝卜的最好的条件。

3. If they are harvested too early, they will not have enough sugar. But carrots loose their sweetness if you wait too long to pull them from the ground.

    如果胡萝卜收割过早,就没有足够的糖分。但若你把胡萝卜从地里拔出来的太晚,也会损失甜味。

17楼 作者:foodxzh@hotmail.com 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

Weather, soil conditions and age will affect the way carrots taste. 天气,土壤条件和时期都会影响胡萝卜的口味。

age 指的是收获期

天气,突然条件和收获期都会影响胡萝卜的味道.

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