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翻译探讨: 2009/3/15 美国人物 斯博克医生(1903-1998) 世界最著名的儿科医生

楼主:Renhongwei 日期: 回贴:9 浏览:

Benjamin Spock's first book caused a revolution in the way American children were raised. His book, "The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care," was published in nineteen forty-six. The book gave advice to parents of babies and young children. The first lines of the book are famous. Doctor Spock wrote: "Trust yourself. You know more than you think you do".

本杰明?斯博克的第一本书,对于美国人的养育孩子方面,引起了一场革命。他的书《婴幼儿护理常识手册》,在1943年出版。这本书给婴幼儿的父母一些建议。书中的第一行很有名,斯博克医生写道:相信自己,你知道的比你想到去做的要多。

VOICE TWO:

This message shocked many parents. For years, mothers had been told that they should reject their natural feelings about their babies. Before Doctor Spock's book appeared, the most popular guide to raising children was called "Psychological Care ofInfant and Child." The book's writer, John B. Watson, urged extreme firmness in dealing with children. The book called for a strong structure of rules in families. It warned parents never to kiss, hug or physically comfort their children.

这句话使很多父母感动震惊。多年以来,母亲们被告知,她们应该拒绝对孩子的本能情感。在本杰明?斯博可的书出现之前。抚养孩子的最流行的指导方法被称作“婴幼儿的心理照顾”。这本书的作者,Jonh B. Watson, 主张在对待孩子方面(采取)极端强硬(措施)。书里提倡一种稳固的家庭规则架构。父母们给告诫,不要亲、抱或者让孩子的身体舒服。

VOICE ONE:

Doctor Spock's book was very different. He gave gentle advice to ease the fears of new parents. Doctor Spock said his work was an effort to help parents trust their own natural abilities in caring for their children.

斯博克医生的书有很大不同。他提出了(一种)温和建议,来消除初为人父(母)的恐惧。斯博克医生提到,他的工作是一种尝试,来帮助父母们相信他们天生的照看孩子的能力。

Doctor Spock based much of his advice on the research and findings of the famous Austrian psychoanalyst, Sigmund Freud.

斯博克医生的很多建议,是基于著名的奥地利心理学家弗洛伊德的的研究和发现。

Doctor Spock's book discusses the mental and emotional development of children. It urges parents to use that information to decide how to deal with their babies when they are crying, hungry, or tired.

斯博克医生的书讨论了儿童的智力和情感的开发。当孩子哭、饿或者困的时候,他鼓励父母们利用这些信息,来决定如何照看他们。

For example, Doctor Spock dismissed the popular idea of exactly timed feedings for babies. Baby care experts had believed that babies must be fed at the same times every day or they would grow up to be demanding children.

比如,斯博克医生放弃了给幼儿定时喂食这种流行的观点。幼儿护理专家相信,孩子们必须在每一天的相同时间喂食,否则他们将长成一个要求很高(难以喂养)的孩子。

Doctor Spock said babies should be fed when they are hungry. He argued that babies know better than anyone about when and how much they need to eat. He did not believe that feeding babies when they cry in hunger would make them more demanding. He also believed that showing love to babies by hugging and kissing them would make them happier and more secure.

斯博克医生说到,当孩子们饿的时候,就应该喂他们。他争论到,孩子们比任何人更懂得,他们在何时需要喂食,以及喂多少。他不认为,当孩子们饿的哭时给他们喂食,使他们要求更高(娇气)。他还认为,通过抱、亲(这种行为)给孩子示爱,使他们会(感动)更高兴和更安全。

"The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care" examined the emotional and physical growth of children. Doctor Spock said he did not want to just tell a parent what to do. He said he tried to explain what children generally are like at different times in their development so parents would know what to expect.

在《婴幼儿护理常识手册》这本书里,调查了孩子的情感和身体的成长。斯博克医生说,他不仅仅要告诉父母做什么,他(还)试图解释在孩子发展的不同时段,孩子们通常会喜欢什么,以此让父母们知道(孩子们)希望什么。

Doctor Spock's book did not receive much notice from the media when it was published in nineteen forty- six. Yet, seven hundred fifty thousand copies of the book were sold during the year after its release. Doctor Spock began receiving many letters of thanks fro consider m mothers around the country.

当斯博克医生的书在1943年出版时,并没有引起媒体的多少关注。然而,在出版后的一年时间里,这本书销售量了75万本。斯博克医生收到了很多来自全国各地母亲的感谢信。

VOICE ONE:

Doctor Spock considered his mother, Mildred Spock, to be the major influence on his personal and professional life. He said his ideas about how parents should act were first formed because of her. He reacted to the way in which his mother cared for him and his brother and sisters.

斯博克医生认为,他的母亲,米尔德里德?斯博克,在他的个人和专业方面起了重要影响。他说,由于她的原因,他的(那些)关于父母们该如何做(抚养孩子)的观点才开始形成。他对他母亲的这种抚养他和他的弟弟、妹妹的方法做出的反映。

Doctor Spock described his mother as extremely controlling. He said she believed all human action was the result of a physical health issue or a moral one. She never considered her children's actions were based on emotional needs.

斯博克医生将他的目前描述成一个极端控制??。他说她认为人的活动是身体健康方面或者精神上的结果(反映)。她从不认为孩子们的活动是由于情感的需要。

Doctor Spock later argued against this way of thinking. Yet, he praised his mother's trust of her own knowledge of her children. In his book, "Spock on Spock," he wrote about his mother's ability to correctly identify her children's sicknesses when the doctors were wrong.

后来,斯博克医生反驳了这种想法。然而,他赞扬他母亲这种对于孩子的(抚养)知识的信任(信心)。在他的书《站在斯博克之上的斯博克》中写道,当医生发生错误时,他母亲有能力找出她的孩子的准确疾病(生了什么病)。

VOICE TWO:

Benjamin Spock was born in nineteen-oh-three. He was the first of six children. The Spock family lived in New Haven,Connecticut. His father was a successful lawyer. Benjamin was a quiet child. He attended Phillips Academy, a private school inAndover, Massachusetts. Later he attended Yale University in New Haven. He joined a sports team at Yale that competed inrowing boats. In nineteen twenty-four, he and his team members competed in rowing at the Olympic Games in Paris, France. They won the gold medal.

本杰明?斯博克在1903年出生。他是六个孩子中的老大。他们家生活在康涅狄格州的纽黑文。他的父亲是一个成功的律师。本杰明是个文静的孩子。他进入菲利普中学(上学),一所位于马萨诸塞州安多佛的私立学校。后来,他进入位于纽黑文的耶鲁大学学习。他加入了耶鲁划船运动队。他和他的运动队成员参加了1924年在法国巴黎举行奥林匹克运动会上的划船比赛。他们获得了金牌。

VOICE ONE:

Benjamin Spock worked at a camp for disabled children for three summers during his years at Yale. He said the experience probably led to his decision to enter medical school. He began at Yale Medical School, but he completed his medical degree atColumbia University in New York City. He graduated as the best student in his class in nineteen twenty-nine.

在耶鲁大学的那些年里,本杰明。斯博克参加了三次为残疾儿童举办的夏令营。他说,这个经历可能使他做出了进入医学院(学习)的决定。他开始在耶鲁医学院(学习),但是最终在纽约市的哥伦比亚大学获得了医学学位。1929年,他作为班里最优秀的学生毕业。

Benjamin Spock had married Jane Cheney during his second year in medical school. They later had two sons, Michael and John.

在医学院的第二年,本杰明。斯博克与简?切尼结婚

Doctor Spock began working as a pediatrician, treating babies and children in New York City in nineteen thirty-three. During the next ten years he tried to fit the theories about how children develop with what mothers told him about their children. In nineteen forty-three, a publisher asked him to write a book giving advice to parents. He finished the book by writing at night during his two years of service in the United States Navy.

1933年,斯博克医生开始作为一名处理婴幼儿(事物)的儿科专家,在纽约市工作。在后来的10年中,他努力去完成一些理论(研究),关于母亲们告诉他一些孩子的(情况)与婴幼儿如何发育。???1943年,一个出版社找他写一本指导父母(抚养孩子方面的)书。在为美国海军服务的两年里,他夜间写作,完成了这本书。

Jane Spock helped her husband produce the first version of "Baby and Child Care." She typed the book from his notes and spoken words.

简?斯博克帮他的丈夫完成了“婴幼儿护理”这本书的第一版。她(整理)他的笔记和演讲稿中,(并在打字机上)打出了这本书。

VOICE TWO:

During the nineteen fifties, Doctor Spock became famous. He wrote several other books. He wrote articles for a number of magazines. He appeared on television programs. He taught at several universities. And he gave speeches around the country to talk to parents about their concerns.

在19世纪50年代,斯博克医生已经出名。他又写了多本书,并给一些杂志写文章,出现在电视节目中,在多家大学授课,并且在全国做报告,给父母们讲述他们关心的内容。

During this time, he discovered things he wanted to change in the book. He wanted to make sure parents knew they should have control over their children and expect cooperation from them. So, in nineteen fifty-seven the second version of the book was published. He continued to make changes to "Baby and Child Care" throughout his life.

在那时,他发觉书中的一些内容需要修改。他要使父母们明确懂得,他们已经控制了孩子,并得到了来自孩子们的希望得到的合作。因此。在1957年,出版了这本书的第二版。他继续对《婴幼儿护理》进行修改,贯穿了他一生。

VOICE ONE:

In the nineteen sixties, Benjamin Spock began to be active in politics. He supported John F. Kennedy in his campaign for president. He joined a group opposed to the development of nuclear weapons.

在19世纪60年代,本杰明?斯博克开始成为一个政治上的活跃人物。他支持简。肯尼迪竞选总统,加入了一个反对开发核武器的团体。

Doctor Spock also took part in demonstrations to protest the Vietnam War. In nineteen sixty-eight, he was found guilty ofplotting to aid men who were refusing to join the American armed forces.

斯博克医生还加入了反对越南战争的示威游行。在1968年,他因秘密帮助逃避参加美国军队的男人,而被判有罪。

VOICE TWO:

Doctor Spock appealed the ruling against him. Finally, it was cancelled. However, the legal battle cost Doctor Spock a lot of money. The events damaged public opinion of the once very trusted children's doctor. Fewer people bought his books. Some people said Doctor Spock's teachings were to blame for the way young people in the nineteen sixties and seventies rebelled against the rules of society. A leading American religious thinker of that time called Doctor Spock "the father of permissiveness."

斯博克医生不服裁定而上诉,最后,判决被取消。然而,这场官司花费了斯博克医生大量金钱。这起事件毁掉了之前他在公众面前非常信赖的儿科医生的形象。很少人买他的书,一些人说,斯博克的讲演为19世纪六七十年代年轻任对社会规则的反叛而收到责备。当时的一位美国宗教精神领袖称斯博克医生为“放纵一代之父”。

In nineteen seventy-two, Doctor Spock decided to seek election as president of the United States. He was the candidate of the small "People's Party."

在1972年,斯博克医生决定竞选美国总统,他作为一个小党“人们党”的候选人。

He spoke out on issues concerning working families, children and minorities. Doctor Spock received about seventy-five thousand votes in the election that Richard Nixon won.

他大声宣讲,有关工作家庭、孩子和宗教方面的主题。斯博克获得了7万5千张选票,而理查德?尼克松赢得了选举。

VOICE ONE:

Doctor Spock's marriage had been suffering for some time. For years, Jane Spock drank too much alcohol and suffered fromdepression. She reportedly felt her husband valued his professional and political interests more than he valued her. In nineteen seventy-five, Benjamin and Jane Spock ended their forty-eight-year marriage. One year later, Mary Morgan became his second wife.

斯博克医生在婚姻方面遭到多次痛苦。简?斯博克多年来酗酒,并且意气消沉。据报道,她觉得他的丈夫在学术和政治兴趣方面的重视程度,比对她的重视要多。1975年,本杰明和简?斯博克结束了(他们之间)48年的婚姻。一年之后,玛丽?摩根成为他的第二个妻子。

More than fifty million copies of Doctor Spock's "Baby and Child Care" book have been sold since it was published. It has been translated into thirty-nine languages. The eighth edition was published in two thousand four. It includes the latest medical information about nutrition, physical disorders and behavior. It also deals with social issues such as working mothers, day care centers single parents and gay and lesbian parenting.

斯博克医生的《婴幼儿护理》这本书,自从出版之后,销售了超过5000万本,(还)被翻译成39种语言。在2004年,出版了(这本书的)第八版,里面包含了最新的医学信息,包括营养、身体失调和行为,还涉及一些社会话题,诸如工作母亲、单亲家庭和同性恋的孩子的白天护理中心等。

Benjamin Spock died in nineteen ninety-eight at the age of ninety-four. Yet his advice continues to affect the lives of millions of children and their parents.

在1998,94岁的本杰明?斯博克去世。然而,他的建议继续影响着数百万的儿童以及他们的父母。

----------------------------------------
最佳回复 该帖于2009年3月20日被版主推荐为精华帖。

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1楼 作者:Renhongwei 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

大家给提点建议吧。有些内容理解的不是很清楚,

如:
1、 The book's writer, John B. Watson, urged extreme firmness in dealing with children。
2、 It includes the latest medical information about nutrition, physical disorders and behavior. It also deals with social issues such as working mothers, day care centers single parents and gay and lesbian parenting.

里面的意思不是很明白,请指点。


2楼 作者:Alan Chan 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
Much appreciated. 
3楼 作者:boby 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

1、 The book's writer, John B. Watson, urged extreme firmness in dealing with children。

When you are taking care of children, you must be very certain  you're doing the right thing.

4楼 作者:boby 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

2、 It includes the latest medical information about nutrition, physical disorders and behavior. It also deals with social issues such as working mothers, day care centers single parents and gay and lesbian parenting

You can look them up in an English-English dictionary, such as

http://dictionary.cambridge.org/define.asp?key=45589&dict=CALD

  第5楼 作者:Jane 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
GOOD JOB!
  第6楼 作者:Jane 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

The book's writer, John B. Watson, urged extreme firmness in dealing with children

这里面的urged extreme 是否可以理解成极力倡导


dealing with
不一定要直译出来,整句话可以理解成:这本书的作者,John B. Watson,极力倡导父母们严格对待孩子。

 

一点愚见,仅供讨论!

7楼 作者:boby 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

Doctor Spock began working as a pediatrician, treating babies and children in New York City in nineteen thirty-three. During the next ten years he tried to fit the theories about how children develop with what mothers told him about their children. In nineteen forty-three, a publisher asked him to write a book giving advice to parents. He finished the book by writing at night during his two years of service in the United States Navy.

1933年,斯博克医生开始作为一名处理婴幼儿(事物)的儿科专家,在纽约市工作。在后来的10年中,他努力去完成一些理论(研究),关于母亲们告诉他一些孩子的(情况)与婴幼儿如何发育。???1943年,一个出版社找他写一本指导父母(抚养孩子方面的)书。在为美国海军服务的两年里,他夜间写作,完成了这本书。

He tried to fit the theories. 他努力去完成一些理论

he tried to fit the theories about how children develop 他努力去完成一些关于儿童如何成长的理论。

he tried to fit the theories about how children develop with what mothers told him about their children。

利用母亲们告知他有关小孩的情况,他努力去完成一些关于儿童如何成长的理论

8楼 作者:Renhongwei 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
谢谢,webmaster,我会好好努力,争取每周翻译一篇,提高英语水平。
  第9楼 作者:hardluck 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
very nice~~
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