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翻译研讨 —— 2009/05/19 农业报道:草莓,你自己生长

楼主:Lucy Wang 日期: 回贴:6 浏览:

AGRICULTURE REPORT - Grow It Yourself: Strawberries

农业报道-草莓,你自己生长

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

这是美国之音特别英语的农业报道节目。

One of the sweetest gifts of nature is a red, ripe strawberry. There are three basic kinds of strawberries: June bearing, ever bearing and day neutrals.

自然界的最佳礼物之一就是鲜红甜美的草莓。草莓有三个基本品种,分别是:六月草莓、四季草莓和日照中性草莓。

June bearing are ready in the spring, so they are also called spring bearing. But gardeners will not get a crop during the first spring after planting.

六月草莓的成熟季节在春天,所以他们也被称为“春季草莓”。但是这个品种在被栽种后的第一个春天不会有大的收获量。

Ever bearers, when planted after the last winter freeze, will produce fruit during spring or early summer. A second or sometimes third crop will be ready in late summer. Day neutrals produce fruit throughout the summer months.

四季草莓,如在上一个冬天冰冻后栽种,将在这一年的春季或初夏的时候收获果实,在夏末的时候还将收获它的第二批,有的时侯还有第三批果实。而日照中性草莓通常在夏天的几个月中收获果实。

The University of Illinois Urban Extension says ever bearers and day neutrals are especially good for home gardens. Plant strawberries in the spring as soon as the soil is dry enough.

伊利诺大学厄本那分校指出,四季草莓和日照中性草莓特别适合在农户庭院栽种,一等土壤足够干燥,就能在春天进行栽种。

Try to plant late in the day or on a cloudy day. The soil should cover just the roots and not the crown on top of the plant. Runners will appear in a few weeks.

尽量在白天晚些时候或阴天的时候栽种,土壤应该刚刚覆盖到草莓作物的根部,而不能把土盖到它的顶部,缔匐枝将在接下来的几周内长出来。

Strawberries grown in containers need a soil depth of about twenty-five to thirty centimeters. Be sure the container has holes in the bottom.

如果在容器内栽种草莓,土壤的厚度需要达到2530厘米,且在容器的底部一定要有孔眼。

Strawberries grow well in loamy soil that lets water pass through easily. Carl Wilson at the Colorado State University Extension suggests mixing about three to five percent organic material into the soil.

草莓在壤土性的土壤中会生长得很好,因为水能更容易的流过。克罗拉多州立大学分部的卡尔.威尔森建议把百分之三到五的有机肥料掺和进土壤。

Part of caring for strawbrries is renovation. Once the plants have produced fruit, they become less productive. Renovation means removing a lot of the old plants to let newer ones replace them. The Agricultural Extension Service at the University of Tennessee says growers should do this every year after harvest.

整个栽种草莓过程中有一个部分是“更新”。一旦收获了果实,草莓作物就变得少产了。“更新”是指要修剪掉草莓植物很多老的部分,让新的长出来替代他们。田纳西大学农业推广服务中心指出,栽种者们每一年收获果实后都应该做这项修剪工作。

Renovation also includes adding fertilizer. Adding nitrogen as a side or top dressing in late summer will supply nutrients to the fruit buds for the following spring.

“更新”还包括就添加肥料。添加氮素是一方面,或者在夏末进行追肥,这样将能在来年的春季为果芽提供养分。

California grows most of the strawberry crop in the United States. The fifty-first year of the Garden Grove Strawberry Festival is this weekend south of Los Angeles. The Web site Strawberryfestival.org says it began as a way to bring the city of Garden Grove together. A local public relations man suggested a celebration of the area's once plentiful strawberry fields.

美国绝大部分的草莓作物生长在加利福尼亚州。第51届加登格罗夫草莓嘉年华这个周末将在洛杉矶举行。该草莓节的网站发布到,刚开始举办这个活动是为了把加登格罗夫市的市民聚集起来。当地公共关系部门的一位人员建议到在该地区昔日丰产的草莓地举办庆祝活动。

It grew into one of the largest community festivals in the western states, complete with the world's largest strawberry shortcake. The festival has a parade, carnival rides, games and a karaoke singing contest called "Strawberry Idol."

在这个庆典活动上,还有世界上最大的草莓水果酥饼出炉,现在它已发展成为西部各州中最大型的节日之一。庆典活动有:队伍游行、骑马(或乘车)兜风、做游戏、和一个被称为“草莓偶像”的卡拉OK唱歌比赛。

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最佳回复 该帖于2009年5月19日被版主推荐为精华帖。

分享到:
1楼 作者:Jebel 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
Grow It Yourself = 自己种
2楼 作者:Lucy Wang 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

多谢指点,标题应该是:“草莓,自己种”。我继续努力!!

3楼 作者:usan 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

Strawberries grow well in loamy soil that lets water pass through easily.

草莓在透水性好的肥沃土壤里长势更好。

Once the plants have produced fruit, they become less productive.

草莓一旦结果后,这些老枝的产量会锐减。

4楼 作者:hollye 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

这里是voa慢速英语农业报道

One of the sweetest gifts of nature is a red, ripe strawberry. There are three basic kinds of strawberries: June bearing, ever bearing and day neutrals. June bearing are ready in the spring, so they are also called spring bearing. But gardeners will not get a crop during the first spring after planting.

大自然赐给我们最美好的礼物之一是一颗成熟的红草莓了。草莓有三个基本品种:六月果、常熟果和日中果。六月果通常在春天成熟,所以也叫做春节果。但是在种植后的第一个春季是收获不了果实的。

Ever bearers, when planted after the last winter freeze, will produce fruit during spring or early summer. A second or sometimes third crop will be ready in late summer. Day neutrals produce fruit throughout the summer months.

在上年冬季结冰后种植的常熟果,会在第二年春天或者初夏结果。第二茬和第三茬果实在夏末成熟。

The University of Illinois Urban Extension says ever bearers and day neutrals are especially good for home gardens. Plant strawberries in the spring as soon as the soil is dry enough. Try to plant late in the day or on a cloudy day. The soil should cover just the roots and not the crown on top of the plant. Runners will appear in a few weeks.

伊利诺城市大学进修部的专家说,常熟果和日中果都很适合在家庭菜园种植。春天,当土壤足够干的时候就可以种植草莓了。一般选择在午后或者多云的日子。土壤要刚刚盖过根部不要盖住植株的顶部。几周后就有新的枝条长出。

Strawberries grown in containers need a soil depth of about twenty-five to thirty centimeters. Be sure the container has holes in the bottom. Strawberries grow well in loamy soil that lets water pass through easily.

若种在容器里,需要有二十五到三十厘米厚的土壤。确保容器的底部有洞。在壤质土中草莓会长得很好,因为水更容易壤质土。

Carl Wilson at the Colorado State University Extension suggests mixing about three to five percent organic material into the soil. Part of caring for strawberries is renovation. Once the plants have produced fruit, they become less productive.

卡罗拉多州立大学进修部的卡尔 威尔逊建议在土壤中混入百分之三到百分之五的有机质。照料草莓生长的部分工作是进行修整,植株产过一次果实之后产量就开始减少了。

 Renovation means removing a lot of the old plants to let newer ones replace them. The Agricultural Extension Service at the University of Tennessee says growers should do this every year after harvest.

修理意味着出去很多老植株让更新的代替它们。田纳西大学农业进修服务部的专家建议在每年收获完果实之后进行一次修整。

Renovation also includes adding fertilizer. Adding nitrogen as a side or top dressing in late summer will supply nutrients to the fruit buds for the following spring.

修整也包括施肥,在夏末的时候,旁施或者顶施氮肥,将会在来年春天给果枝提供营养。

California grows most of the strawberry crop in the United States. The fifty -first year of the Garden Grove Strawberry Festival is this weekend south of Los Angeles. The Web site Strawberryfestival.org says it began as a way to bring the city of Garden Grove together. A local public relations man suggested a celebration of the area's once plentiful strawberry fields.

加州种植着美国大多数的草莓。本周末,第五十一届加登格罗夫草莓节将在洛杉矶的加登格罗夫市开幕。在一次草莓丰收的年份,一位当地的公关先生建议举行庆祝活动,因此有了草莓节。

It grew into one of the largest community festivals in the western states, complete with the world's largest strawberry shortcake. The festival has a parade, carnival rides, games and a karaoke singing contest called "Strawberry Idol."

现在这个节日已经成为西部诸州最大的社区节日之一了,这里有世界最大的草莓酥饼。节日活动包括一次游行、嘉年华游乐场、游戏和一个叫做“草莓偶像”的卡拉OK歌咏比赛。

5楼 作者:eighteendays 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
Adding nitrogen as a side or top dressing in late summer will supply nutrients to the fruit buds for the following spring.

修整也包括施肥,在夏末的时候,旁施或者顶施氮肥,将会在来年春天给果枝提供营养。

6楼 作者:longjie 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
THX!!!~~~
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