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翻译研讨:2009-07-07 农业报道 – 庭院工作:选择草坪多于选择种子

楼主:vincent 日期: 回贴:4 浏览:

请多多指教~

AGRICULTURE REPORT - Yard Work: When People Choose Sod Over Seed

农业报道 – 庭院工作:选择草坪多于选择种子

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

这里是 VOA 特别英语农业报道。

For some people, the road to immediate satisfaction is laid with sod. A piece of sod has grass on the top and soil on the bottom. It can provide thick green grass without the work or wait required to grow a lawn from seed.

对一些人来说,用草皮铺设的道路能带来舒适感。一块草皮是由表层的青草和底层的泥土组成的。不需要什么劳作就能收获浓密的青草,即只需等待它从种子开始成长为草坪。

Some property owners are replacing grass with ground covers that require less care and water. But others want a traditional grass lawn. Sod, or turf, might not seem like a farm crop. But farmers grow it around the world for everything from homes to sports fields.

一些业主正在用不怎么需要照料和浇水的地被植物取代青草。另一些仍然使用传统的青草草坪。草皮仿佛不像农作物。但是从住宅到体育场,农民在世界各地在进行着草坪的种植。

Sod farmers often grow different grasses for different conditions. Farmers must cut, fertilize and water the sod often. The crop may not be ready for up to two years. Farmers harvest it in pieces of various lengths and up to one meter wide.

种植草坪的农民经常根据不同的条件来种植不同的草坪,并且经常对其进行剪裁,施肥和浇水。这些作物用不着两年就能完成成长。农民收获的这些草坪块大小各异,最大的能达到一米宽。

Making the best of sod takes work. Preparing the ground to lay sod is important and may require soil amendments.

制作一块上等的草坪是非常费力的。种植场地的准备工作非常重要,并且需要对泥土进行改良。

David Robson from the University of Illinois Extension says the best results come from moist, richly organic black soil. He says that is because the farmer used rich soil to produce the sod, so it might not do well in clay soils.

伊利诺斯州大学拓展部的 David Robson 称潮湿的,肥沃的有机黑土是最好的选择,这是因为农民能用肥沃的土壤产出好的草坪,这是黏性土壤所做不到的。

Some gardeners prepare an area by removing the existing top soil and grass. This can be done with a shovel, hoe or sod-cutter machine. But live roots or weeds might remain below the surface.

一些园艺爱好者在准备种植场地时会使用铲子,锄头或割草器来移除已有的表土和青草。但是那些活的根基和杂草可能会遗留在表土之下。

Another preparation method is to till the ground completely. Still another involves using an herbicide chemical to kill the existing grass. Sod can also be placed over existing grass. The grass will die and become fertilizer for the sod.

另一个准备方法能彻底地解决刚才的问题。尽管此方法涉及使用灭草剂的化学药品来去除这些已存的青草。草坪会被铺设在原有的青草之上,这些原有的青草会死亡并且为新的草坪提供肥料。

After sod is in place, it needs to be pressed down firmly. This will remove air pockets and help the sod make contact with the ground and take root. A water-filled drum called a sod roller can be used.

在草坪被铺设到位后,应该牢牢地把它按下去。这样能够去除气穴(空隙 / 间隙中夹着的空气)并且使得草坪和泥土紧密连接并扎根于此。完成上述工作可以选择使用草坪滚压机(一个注满了水的鼓状物)。

Sod can grow at times and in places where growing grass from seed is difficult. But sod can also have problems, especially if it was not very fresh. Newly laid sod needs water -- lots of water. It can quickly become dry. It will need water two times a day for at least three months. Sod should also be fertilized. And it should be treated with limestone if the soil is acidic.

有时,草坪可以生存于那些很难从种子开始成长为青草的地方。但是草坪自身存在一些问题,特别是在它本身就不是很新鲜的时候更是如此,它们会很快变地干枯,新铺设的草坪需要浇大量的水,在至少 3 个月的时间里每天浇水 2 次,还需要施肥。如果土壤是酸性的话,草坪还面临着石灰岩的威胁。

Sod can be cut to fit a space. But small pieces should not be placed along the edges of an area as they can dry out more quickly.

草坪可以根据空间的大小的需要来进行剪裁。但是小块的草坪不应该去沿着一块区域的边缘进行铺设,因为它们会很快变得干枯。

You can find other advice online. For example, we learned that sod should not be placed so that the ends of the pieces are all in a line. Instead it should look like a brick pattern on a building.

你可以通过计算机联线来寻找其他一些建议。例如我们可以获悉到,不能按底边平行并排的方式来进行铺设,而是应该按类似于建筑上砌砖(交错搭建)的方式去进行铺设。

And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Jerilyn Watson. I'm Bob Doughty.

以上是由 Jerilyn Watson 撰写的 VOA 特别英语农业报道,我是 Bob Doughty 。

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最佳回复 该帖于2009年7月12日被版主推荐为精华帖。

分享到:
1楼 作者:longjie 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
THX~~
2楼 作者:Alan Chan 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
very good
  第3楼 作者:Johnny 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
it should be treated with limestone if the soil is acidic. 似乎是:如果是酸性土壤,还需要施以石灰来中和。 因为石灰是碱性的
4楼 作者:Alan Chan 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
good
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