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2009/08/09 词语典故 -- 美国各州别名2

楼主:sunny 日期: 回贴:4 浏览:

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原文地址:http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2009/08/09/0040/


WORDS AND THEIR STORIES - State Nicknames, Part 2

词语典故 - 美国各州别名2

Now, the VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories.

现在是 voa 慢速英语栏目 --- 词语典故

As we told you last week, every American state has a nickname. Here are some more of them.

像上周我们讲述的那样,美国的每个州都有一个别名,这里是更多的(别名介绍)。

Idaho is known as "The Gem State." This is not because it has diamonds but because it believes it is the jewel of the western Rocky Mountains. Illinois is "The Land of Lincoln." It is named for Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president who led the nation through the Civil War in the eighteen sixties. The midwestern state of Indiana is called the "Hoosier State," but nobody is quite sure why.

爱达荷州以宝石之州著称,这不是因为它有钻石,而是它认为它是西落基山之宝。伊利诺亚州是林肯之乡。他以 20 世纪 60 年代内战期间领导国家的第 16 位总统亚伯拉罕 . 林肯命名,西部中间的印第安纳州被称作保守之州,但是没人确定为什么(这样称呼)。

One story is that the word was used to mean poor farmers or uneducated people. No wonder the state legislature instead calls Indiana "The Crossroads of America." Iowa's nickname, the "Hawkeye State," is in honor of Black Hawk, an Indian chief who spent most of his life in neighboring Illinois!

(关于它的)一个故事是那个词过去用来指贫困的农民和无知的人。难怪州立法部改用美国的十字路口称呼伊利诺亚州。衣阿华州的别名 --- 鹰眼之州是为了纪念一位在伊利诺亚州附近生活多年,被称为黑鹰的印第安首领。

Kansas also has a "hawkish" nickname: "The Jayhawk State." Jayhawkers were free-state guerrilla fighters opposed to the pro-slavery fighters in the years before the Civil War.

堪那萨斯州也有个强硬别名:唳鹰之州。唳鹰是指内战前与支持奴隶制的人抗争的自由人士。

Kentucky is "The Bluegrass State." Bluegrass is really bright green but looks bluish from a distance. Louisiana is "The Bayou State." A bayou is a slow-moving stream. Hundreds of them flow through this southern state, and many are full of alligators!

肯塔基州是蓝草之州。青草是亮绿色的,但从远处看带点蓝色。路易斯安那州是河流之州。 Bayou 是指一条缓慢流动的溪流。上百条的溪流贯穿于南部的这个州,而且许多(支流)里有很多短吻鳄。

Maine , in the nation's northeast, is "The Pine Tree State" because it is covered in evergreen woods. And directly across the country, on the Pacific Coast, is the state of Washington. It also has lots of evergreen trees so, not surprisingly, it is "The Evergreen State."

位于国家东北部的缅因州是松林之州,因为它被常绿树覆盖。直接横贯国家,位于太平洋海岸的是华盛顿州。那里有很多常绿树,因此它是常绿州也就不足为奇了

The eastern state of Massachusetts is the "Bay State." This body of water separates most of the state from famous Cape Cod.

东部的马萨诸塞州是海湾之州。这片水域将鳕鱼角起和这个州的大部分分割开来。

Six state nicknames are taken from native animals. Michigan is the "Wolverine State." A wolverine is a small, fierce mammal. The badger is a similar and equally fierce creature and Wisconsin is "The Badger State."

有 6 个州的别称来自当地的动物。密歇根是 狼獾之州。狼獾是一种体形很小,性情残暴的哺乳动物。獾是一种类似的,凶残的生物,维斯康兴州是獾之州。

Neighboring Minnesota, "The Gopher State," is named for a much nicer animal that builds hills and tunnels. However, "The Land of Ten Thousand Lakes" is written on Minnesota's vehicle license plates.

与之相邻的明尼苏达州,也称作囊地鼠州,它是以一种温和的多的,善于穿山和地道的动物命名的。然而,明尼苏达州的交通图上有着成千上万的湖泊。

North Dakota gets its nickname, "The Flickertail State" not from some bird, but from a little squirrel. South Dakota takes its nickname, "The Coyote State," from an animal that thinks flickertails are good to eat!

北达科他州不是从某种鸟那获得“金花鼠州”这个别名,而是从一个小松鼠。南达科他州从一种认为金花鼠很好吃的动物而获得“山狗之州”这个别名的。

And Oregon, "The Beaver State," borrows its nickname from the large, flat-tailed rodent that uses trees to build dams. Next week, we will tell you about more state nicknames, including one that is about people's feet!

俄勒冈州,也成为河狸之州,从一种用树木建大坝的大尾巴啮齿动物得来的。下周,我们将告诉你跟多州的别名,包括一个关于人脚的。

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最佳回复 该帖于2009年8月9日被版主推荐为精华帖。

分享到:
1楼 作者:Alan Chan 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
Much appreciated. 
2楼 作者:longjie 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
thx~~
3楼 作者:windzx 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

1.the large, flat-tailed rodent
大的尾啮齿动物


2.However, "The Land of Ten Thousand Lakes" is written on Minnesota's vehicle license plates.
然而,明尼苏达州的交通图上有着成千上万的湖泊。
但是,在明尼苏达州的车牌上写着“The Land of Ten Thousand Lakes(万湖之地)”

个人意见

  第4楼 作者:sunny 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
    windzx 
                谢谢指正~ 
3 -  作者:windzx -  创建于:2009-8-9 22:26

1.the large, flat-tailed rodent
大的尾啮齿动物


2.However, "The Land of Ten Thousand Lakes" is written on Minnesota's vehicle license plates.
然而,明尼苏达州的交通图上有着成千上万的湖泊。
但是,在明尼苏达州的车牌上写着“The Land of Ten Thousand Lakes(万湖之地)”

个人意见

 

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