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翻译研讨:200912/22农业报道,温室大棚如何延长生长期

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http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2009/12/22/0041/

This is the VOA special English agriculture report.

这里是 VOA 特别英语,农业报道。

Today, we discuss the greenhouse effect.

今天,我们讨论温室效用。

Farmers and gardeners have long used the greenhouses to extend the growing season in cold weather. Now hoop houses are gaining popularity. Hoop houses are sometimes called a temporary greenhouse or passive solar greenhouse.

长期以来,在寒冷的季节,农民和园丁都使用温室来延长作物的生长期。今天,温室大棚正得到普及。温室大棚有时被称为临时温室,或者是被动的阳光温室。

A hoop house is basically a metal frame covered with plastic or other all-weather material. A common design looks like a high tunnel. Unlike a greenhouse which uses a heating system, a hoop house is heated by the warmth of the sun.

一个温室大棚的基础是金属框架,用塑料或者其他全天候材料覆盖。一个普遍的形状是像一个高高的隧道。温室大棚运用大阳的热量来加热,而不像温室使用加热系统。

Now, the United States department of agriculture has announced a program to help farmers who want to build hoop houses.

如今,美国农业部已发布了一项旨在帮助希望建造温室大棚的的农户的计划。

The department, through its cooperative state research, education and extension service, has been supporting a project in Michigan. That states has a short growing season.

农业部,通过其合作的州立研究、教育和推广服务机构,已经在密歇根州获得了项目支持。该的种植季节短。

As part of the research project, nine farmers were given materials and trained how to build and use a hoop house. The results showed that well-managed hoop houses can grow high-quality crops.

作为这一研究项目的一部分,九位农民获得了材料,并得到了如何建造和使用温室大棚的培训。结果显示,得到良好管理的温室大棚能生产出高质量的农作物。

However, crops are not the only things that grow well. The researcher found that weeds grow faster in a hoop house. Weeding, seeding and watering requires at least as much work as crops grow in open air. The researchers also advise growers to add compost materials to the soil in hoop houses to build nutrients.

然而,不仅仅是农作物生长得好。研究人员发现在温室大棚杂草出长得更快些。除草、播种、浇水至少需要与作物在露天生长一样的工作量。研究人员同时建议种植者在温室大棚的土壤中添加复合肥以增加养份。

Eliot Coleman is an organic farmer and a writer in Maine who has helped popularize the idea of four season farming. His ideas about hoop houses sounded good to John Biernbaum in Horticulture department at Michigan state university.

Eliot Coleman 是缅因州的一位有机作物种植者和作者。他帮助普及四季种植的理念。他有关温室大棚的理念对在密歇根州立大学园艺系的 John Biernbaum 来说,听起来很不错。

Professor Biernbaum tried hoop houses on the student organic farm at Michigan State and had success. Project director David Conner says it was a "test drive" for the research on private farms. The agriculture economist points to the demand for locally grow crops. "People are hungry for good fresh vegetables," he says.

John Biernbaum 教授在密歇根州的一个学生有机农场尝试了温室大棚并获得成功。该项目负责人 David Conner 称其是为了研究而在私人农场的“试车”。农业经济学家则想到了对本地种植的作物的需求。他说:“人们渴望有好的、新鲜的蔬菜。”

Hoop houses for winter growing can even be found at the white house, where Michelle Obama has a vegetable garden. The houses are small because of limited space on the South Lawn.

作为冬天种植的温室大棚甚至在白宫也能看到,米歇尔。奥巴马在那里有个菜园子。由于白宫南草坪的面积有限,所以大棚较小。

A hoop house specialist at Michigan state university, Adam Montri, has videos on YouTube explaining how to build one. You can go to voaspecialenglish.com and find a link to his videos and also a link to our videos on YouTube.

密歇根州立大学的温室大棚专家, Adam Montri 在 YouTube 上有介绍如何建造大棚的录像片,你可以通过 voaspecialenglish.com 找到他的录像片的链接,也可以链接我们在 YouTube 上的录像片。

And that's the voa special English agriculture report, written by Jerilyn Watson. I'm Bob Doughty.

这就是 VOA 特别英语,农业报道,由 Jerilyn Watson 撰稿,我是 Bob Doughty 。

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最佳回复 该帖于2009年12月23日被版主推荐为精华帖。

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