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翻译研讨:EDUCATION REPORT - John Dewey, 1859-1952: Educator and 'America's Philosopher'

楼主:翼龙的嘴 日期: 回贴:2 浏览:

EDUCATION REPORT - John Dewey, 1859-1952: Educator and 'America's Philosopher'

教育报告-约翰。杜威,1859-1952:教育家和“美国哲学家”

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This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

这里是VOA特殊英语教育报告。

We have a question from China. Feng Tiancheng says "I want to know something about John Dewey".

我们有一个来自中国的问题。封天成(音)说 “ 我想了解关于约翰杜威的一些事情。 ”

John Dewey was an influential thinker and educator. The New York Times once called him "America's Philospher". Larry Hickman is the director of the Center for Dewey studies at Southern Illinois University , Carbondale. He was not surperised that the question came from China.

约翰杜威是一个有影响的思想家和教育家。纽约时代一次称呼他 “ 美国的哲学家 ” 。拉里希克曼是卡尔本代尔,南伊利诺伊大学杜威研究中心的主管。对于那个问题来自中国他没有惊奇。

"I just return from two weeks of meetings in Beijing in December. And among the conversations I had with my Chinese colleagues was the very close relationship that between Dewey's ideas and those of Confucius . I also worked with a group of lay Buddhists who like Dewey's work very much becuse it is very comfortable with some of the ideas of Mahayana Buddhism .

“ 我刚从十二月份在北京十二月份为期两周的会议返回。并且我与我的中国同事之间讨论的是杜威和孔子思想之间的密切关系。我也同一个非常喜欢杜威的工作的佛教信徒小组一起工作。因为杜威的工作与大乘佛教的一些思想非常符合。

Dewey described his ideas in books in cluding "Democracy and Education," "the school and the society" and "how we think".

杜威在书中描述他的思想,包括 “ 民主与教育 ” , “ 学校与社会 ” 和 “ 我们如何思考 ” 。

"Dewey was perhaps a best kown philosopher , educator and public intellectual at the twentieth century . He was active in many fields including education, philosophy , Psychology and also humanistic and humanitarian affairs . He was an important influence in the founding the Amercian Association of the University Professors and the American Civil Liberties Union .

杜威或许是二十世纪最著名的哲学家、教育家和公共知识分子。他活动在许多领域包括教育、哲学、心理学还有人本主义和人道主义事务。在美国大学教授联盟和美国公民自由联盟建立中他是一个重要的影响者。

He was also influential in the founding of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, though he himself was white.

他在全国有色人种进步协会建立中也有重要的影响,虽然他是一个白人。

John Dewey was born in Burlington,Vermont, in eighteen fifty-nine. He was influenced by the scientific work of Charles Darwin . He was also influenced by the work done with immigrant English learners in Chicago by Jane Addams. She was a social worker and the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize .And,Dewey was influenced by observing his own children.

约翰杜威出生于1959年 佛蒙特州伯灵顿。他被查理斯达尔文的科学工作影响。他也被简亚当斯为在芝加哥的移民英语学习者所作的工作影响。简亚当斯是一个社会工作者而且是第一个赢得诺贝尔和平奖的美国妇女。并且他被他观察自己的孩子影响。

At the nuivorsity of Chicago , he founded the Laboratory School. Chemistry courses have labs.Why not a place to experiment with education? But Dewey would likly have disagreed with many current practices in American education. like the wide used of standardized testing.

在芝加哥大学,他创建了实验学校。化学课程实验室。为什么不只一种方法去用教育做实验?仅仅是杜威不同意美国教育当前的许多做法。像标准化测试的广泛应用。

"He thought that testing had its place , but testing should be more like medical tests. That is, they should be testing for individual needs,interests, abilities and not to compara one student to another. As Dewey put it, the relation of the abilitied of one student to the other is none of the teacher's business.

“ 他认为标准化测试有他的应用环境,但是测试更应该像药物测试。他们应该测试私人意愿、兴趣、能力而不是去比较一个学生和另一个。依据杜威所说,一个学生和另一个学生能力的对比与老师无关。

John Dewey died in nineteen fifty-two. But Dewey scholar Larry Hickman says his ideas are still being taught in education schools.

约翰杜威死于1952.但是杜威学者拉里希克曼说杜威的思想正在教育学校中被讨论。

In fact last year was his one hundred fiftieth birthday, so it was a busy year for Dewey studies. Celebrations took place not only in the United

States, but also at two unversities in Beijing and Croatia , Italy and Poland .

实际上去年是他诞辰150周年,因此杜威研究去年是一个繁忙的年度。庆祝活动不但发生在美国,而且发生在北京的两所大学和克罗地亚、意大利和波兰。

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, Written by Nacy Steinbach. For a link to more on John Dewey, go to www.unsv.com. I'm Steve Ember.

[ <TextPos2> 生词摘录]

1, influential: adj. 有权势的,有影响的; n. 有影响力的人物

2, Southern Illinois: 南伊利诺伊州

3, Carbondale: 卡本代尔

4, Confucius: 孔子

5 , lay Buddhists : 居士

6 , Buddhist : 佛教的

7 , Mahayana Buddhism : 大乘佛教

8, society: n.社会;社会团体,协会,社;上流社会

9, philosopher: n 哲学家

10, intellectual: a.智力的,善于思维的 n.知识分子

11, Psychology: n.心理学

12, Humanistic: adj. 人文主义的, 人本主义的, 人道主义的

13, affair: n.[ pl.]事务;事情(件);(个人的)事

14, Association: n.协会,联盟,社团;联合,结合,交往

15, Civil Liberties Union: 公民自由联盟

16, Burlington,Vermont: 伯灵顿,佛蒙特州

17, scientific: a.科学的

18, Charles Darwin: 查尔斯达尔文

19, work done: 所做的工作

20, Jane Addams: 简亚当斯

21, social: a. 社会的 ; 交际的 , 社交的

22, immigrant: n. 移民 , 侨民

23, Nobel Peace Prize: 诺贝尔和平奖

24, practice: n.练习;实践 v.练习,实习,训练;从事

25, individual: a.单独的,个人的;独特的 n.个人(体)

26, scholar: n.学者;奖学金获得者

[ <TextPos3> 要点摘录] ---- 难点句子记录于此

1 , And among the conversations I had with my Chinese colleagues was the very close relationship that between Dewey's ideas and those of Confucius . 并且我与我的中国同事之间讨论的是杜威和孔子思想之间的密切关系。

2, He was also influenced by the work done with immigrant English learners in Chicago by Jane Addams. 他也被简亚当斯为在芝加哥的移民英语学习者所作的工作影响

3,Dewey was influenced by observing his own children并且他被他观察自己的孩子影响。

4,Why not a place to experiment with education? 为什么不只一种方法去用教育做实验?

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最佳回复 该帖于2010年1月9日被版主推荐为精华帖。

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1楼 作者:rainshine 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

4,Why not a place to experiment with education? But Dewey would likly have disagreed with many current practices in American education. like the wide use of standardized testing.

为什么就不能有教育实验的一席之地呢?但是杜威很可能不赞同美国教育的许多现行做法,比如标准化测试的广泛应用。

that is, they should be testing for individual needs,interests, abilities and not to compare one student to another.

就是说,应该就学生的个人需要、兴趣、能力进行测试,而不是把一个学生与另一个学生进行比较。

2楼 作者:翼龙的嘴 创建: <编辑>  <引用>
1 -  作者:rainshine -  创建于:2010-1-10 11:27

4,Why not a place to experiment with education? But Dewey would likly have disagreed with many current practices in American education. like the wide use of standardized testing.

为什么就不能有教育实验的一席之地呢?但是杜威很可能不赞同美国教育的许多现行做法,比如标准化测试的广泛应用。

that is, they should be testing for individual needs,interests, abilities and not to compare one student to another.

就是说,应该就学生的个人需要、兴趣、能力进行测试,而不是把一个学生与另一个学生进行比较。

 多谢指教,有何多地方我自己都觉得不是很确定。

此处你的翻译觉得应该更正确。

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