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3.17 Education report 路过多多指正~

楼主:Snail 日期: 回贴:0 浏览:

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

In Giles County, Virginia, the school board has removed displays of the Ten Commandments in its schools. The county thought that posting the Ten Commandments, along with the first part of the United States Constitution, might help increase moral values.
在弗吉尼亚州贾尔斯郡,学校里公告栏里展示的“十条法令”被撤销掉了。该郡认为发布这根据美国宪法第一部分制定的“十条法令”,有利于提高道德的价值。
There had been few complaints since the Commandments were posted almost twelve years ago. But recently, civil liberties groups had threatened to take the county to court if it did not remove them.
自从十二年前这些法令被发布以来,很少有投诉。但是现在,民权自由组织威胁如果不撤销这些法令就将该郡告上法院。
The United States Supreme Court permits the Ten Commandments to be on public property so long as the goal of displaying them is not to gain support for religion. But in nineteen eighty, the Court ruled that the Ten Commandments cannot be shown in public schools because displaying them shows support of religion by the government.
美国最高法院允许这十条法令在公众中发布的目的不是为了为宗教获取支持。但是在二十世纪八十年代,法院规定这十条法令不得在公立学校展示因为那表明了政府对宗教的支持。
Jewish and Christian holy books say the Ten Commandments were laws given to the prophet Moses by God. Many Americans believe the country was founded on Judeo-Christian beliefs. Many of their beliefs are expressed in the Ten Commandments.  They are a set of rules against murder, stealing, cheating, adultery and profanity.
犹太人和基督教的圣经里说这十条戒律是上帝赐予摩西先知的律法。他们的许多信仰都在这十条戒律中诠释。
Douglas Laycock is a professor of constitutional law at the University of Virginia School of Law in Charlottesville. He says the Supreme Court has ruled that governments must be neutral about religious teachings.
Douglas Laycock是夏洛茨维尔市弗吉尼亚法律学校的一名宪法学教授。他指出最高法院曾经规定政府机构对于宗教教育必须保持中立。
DOUGLAS LAYCOCK: "Putting up the Ten Commandments in a way that promotes the Jewish and Christian scriptures is a violation of the Constitution, and especially if they do it in a public school. Parents are entitled to send their children to school without having to proselytize somebody having somebody else's religion.
Douglas Laycock说:“以一种推广犹太人和基督教经典著作的方式发布这十条法令,特别是在一所公立学校里面,这是对宪法的一种亵渎。”父母们有权利送他们的孩子去学校而不被要求改变信仰。

Officials in Giles County say they may put the Ten Commandments back on the walls of the schools but will add other historical documents. Professor Laycock says it is possible that might satisfy a court.
贾尔斯郡政府称他们将会重新在学校里展示这十条法令,但是会增加其他的历史记载。Laycock教授称这可能符合法院的要求。
DOUGLAS LAYCOCK:  "Whether or not they can keep the Ten Commandments on the wall...depends on how serious and plausible the things they put around it are. And, whether it looks like a genuine secular display that happens to include the Ten Commandments or whether it looks like just an excuse for putting this religious document on the wall."
DouglasLaycock教授:“他们是否能够在学校的墙上保留这十条法令,取决于他们将这件事情散布的严重和可信程度。
Since the Supreme Court ruling in nineteen eighty, more conservative justices have been appointed to the Court. Professor Laycock says some conservative activists believe this new, more conservative Court might be willing to once again permit the Ten Commandments to be displayed in public schools.
自从二十世纪八十年代最高法院规定以来,更多的保守派法官都曾被委派到最高法院。Laycock称一些保守派法官相信这个新的更加保守的法院乐意再一次批准这十条法令在公立学校推行 。
And that's the VOA Special English Education Report. Tell us what you think about religion in public schools. You can comment at www.unsv.com. You can also find transcripts and MP3s of our reports. And you can find us on Facebook and YouTube at VOA Learning English.  I'm Christopher Cruise.

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