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3.18 日 Economics report 走过路过望多多指正~

楼主:Snail 日期: 回贴:0 浏览:

This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.

The crisis at Japan's Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear energy center

has raised questions about the future of the nuclear energy

industry. Arjun Makhijani is president of the Institute for

Energy and Environmental Research in the United States. He says

the disaster in Japan is historic.
发生在日本福岛核能基地的危机,引发了人们对于核能工业前景的质疑。

Arjun Makhijani是美国能源与环境研究协会的主席。他称发生在日本的灾

难是历史性的灾难。
ARJUN MAKHIJANI: "We are witnessing a completely unprecedented

nuclear accident in that there have never been three reactors in

the same place at the same time that have had a severe accident."
Arjun Makhijani 说:“我们正目睹这一场完全史无前例的在同一时间同

一地点三座核反应堆发生严重事故的核能灾难。”
This week, the chairman of America's nuclear agency said there is

little chance that harmful radiation from Japan could reach the

United States. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Chairman Gregory

Jaczko also said America has a strong program in place to deal

with earthquake threats.
这周,美国原子能机构主席称日本有害的核辐射没有扩散到美国的可能性

。美国核管理委员会主席Gregory Jaczko也表示美国拥有一整套强有力的

备用方案来应对地震的威胁。
No new nuclear power centers have been built in the United States

since nineteen seventy-nine. That was when America's worst

nuclear accident happened at the Three Mile Island center in

Pennsylvania. The accident began to turn public opinion against

nuclear energy.
自1979年以来,美国没有再建造新的核电站基地。那时候,在美国宾夕法

尼亚州的三里岛发生了最严重的核泄漏事故。这场事故使社会公众舆论反

对核能机构。
To support more clean energy production, the Obama administration

has been seeking billions of dollars in government loan

guarantees to build new centers. Currently, about twenty percent

of electricity in the United States comes from nuclear energy.

But critics say nuclear power is too costly and dangerous to be

worth further expansion.
为了支持更多的新能源产品,奥巴马政府谋求了数十亿美元的政府担保贷

款来发展系能源基地。目前,美国大约有百分之二十的电能是来自于核能

。但是批评人士认为核能对于长远发展来说代价太过于昂贵和危险。
German Chancellor Angela Merkel said Germany would temporarily

close seven nuclear power centers while energy policy is

reconsidered. The European Union is planning to test all centers

in its twenty-seven member nations.
德国总理安吉拉默克尔表示德国将会在从新审议能源政策其间临时关闭七

座核电站基地。欧盟也计划对其二十七个成员国的核能基地进行检测。
Developing nations are less willing to slow nuclear expansion.

China said it will continue with plans to build about twenty-five

new nuclear reactors. And India, under a cooperation agreement

with the United States, plans to spend billions on new centers in

the coming years.
发展中国家不是很愿意减慢核能的发展。中国宣布将会继续按计划建造大

约二十七座新核反应堆。而印度,在与美国达成合作协议下,计划在未来

几年投入数十亿资金发展核能基地。
Japan has made nuclear energy a national priority since the

nineteen seventies. Unlike many major economies, Japan imports

eighty percent of its energy. The Nuclear Energy Institute says

twenty-nine percent of Japan's electricity came from nuclear

sources in two thousand nine.The government planned to increase

that to forty percent by twenty seventeen.
日本自二十世纪七十年代以来已经将核能源发展成为全国性优先考虑的事

。与其他的经济体不同,日本的能源有百分之八十依赖需要进口。核能研

究所称2009年日本有百分之二十九的电力来自于核能。日本政府原计划到

2017年将这一比重发展到百分之四十。
Nuclear reactors supply fourteen percent of global electricity.

Nuclear energy is a clean resource, producing no carbon gases.

But radioactive waste is a serious unresolved issue.  So is the

presence of nuclear power centers in earthquake areas like the

one near Bushehr, Iran.
核能提供着大约全球百分之十四的电力。核能是一种不会产生温室气体的

清洁能源,但是放射性废弃物仍然是一个没能解决的问题。像伊朗布什尔

附近的一座核电站,核电站建立在地震多发区域的问题也一直悬而未决。
And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report written by

Mario Ritter. I'm Steve Ember.

昨天有些事儿,今天补起来。

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