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4..12日Agriculture report翻译,往多多指正~~

楼主:Snail 日期: 回贴:0 浏览:

原文链接+MP3、标准翻译对照下载:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2011/04/12/0041/

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

Bulbs are underground plant stems. They provide food for a shoot. Some bulbs produce flowers year after year. Gardening experts say tulips, daffodils and other bulbs are not very difficult to grow.
球茎是植物长在地面下的根茎。他们为嫩芽提供养分。有些球茎能够每年都开花。园林专家称郁金香、水仙花以及其他球茎并不是很难种植。

Bulbs do well in climates with a cold season. They are placed in the ground about the time of the first frost. But, with the right preparation, they can also grow well in places where the ground never freezes.
球茎最适合于寒冷气候的季节里。它们一般是在秋天的第一次寒意来临的时候被埋在底下。但是,如果条件适宜的话,它们同样能够在从不结冰的地方生长的很好。

Mike Lizotte of American Meadows, an online store, says before you start, you need know whether to plant tender bulbs or hardy bulbs. If you live in a cold area, a tender bulb will need special care when the growing season is over.
一家名为"AM"的网店的MIKE LIZOTTE表示,在你开始之前,你需要弄清楚是要中喜温球茎还是耐寒的球茎。如果你生活在一个寒冷的地方,那么对于一个喜温的球茎,在它生长的季节过后就需要特殊的防护。

MIKE LIZOTTE: "If you want that bulb to survive or come back, you would need to literally dig it out of the ground and bring it inside to a warm area because it just -- it will not survive, or it would get killed by the cold temperatures."
MIKE LIZOTTE:“如果你想球茎存活下来的话,就需要将它从地下挖出来,然后将它安置温暖的地方,因为在寒冷的气温里它无法存活,会被冻死。”

But Mike Lizotte says a hardy bulb can stay in the ground all year.
但是MIKE LIZOTTE 表示,耐寒的球茎可以整年都埋在地下。

MIKE LIZOTTE: "A hardy bulb is one that prefers cold temperatures.  So therefore it can be left in the ground, such as a daffodil or tulip."
MIKE LIZOTTE:“ 耐寒的球茎是比较喜欢寒冷的气温。因此它可以被留在地下,例如水仙或者郁金香。”

Sandra Mason from the University of Illinois Extension service has some suggestions to get a good start on planting bulbs. First, the most important thing is to choose a place with soil that drains well.
来自于伊利诺大学推广服务系的SANDRA MASON有一些建议可以更好地种植球茎。首先,最重要的事情是选择一个土壤排水很好的地方。

SANDRA MASON: "How wet the soil is, that ends up being a big issue. For certain areas, if you have a lot of clay in your soil, you may find that bulbs do not last a long time for you, as in just a couple years.  Or you may find they just do not do very well at all, and they actually rot in the soil."
SANDRA MASON:“土壤湿度的好坏,这最后会是一个非常重要的问题。对于特定的区域,如果土壤黏性太强的话,你会发现球茎无法存活很长时间,通常只有一两年。或者是它们生长的一点儿也不好,实际上在土壤里腐烂了。”

Sandra Mason suggests planting most big bulbs like tulips or daffodils about fifteen to twenty centimeters deep. Smaller bulbs can be planted about seven to ten centimeters deep. She says she enjoys planting smaller ones like snowdrop bulbs.
SANDRA MASON 建议在种植大球茎像郁金香或者水仙等的时候,大部分都是埋十五到二十厘米深。小型球茎一般埋七到十五厘米深。她说她喜欢种植像雪莲花球茎这样的小一些的。

SANDRA MASON: "I love planting those because you do not need to dig a very deep hole. We like those!"
SANDRA MASON:“我喜爱种植这些因为你不需要挖很深的坑,我们喜欢这样。”

Bulbs should be planted with their pointed end up, toward the surface. But some bulbs do not seem to have a pointy end. In that case, Ms. Mason says, look for an "eye" that might have a stem. But don't worry if you cannot find one.
球茎在种的时候应该尖头向上,对着地面。但是有些球茎看起来没有尖头。如果那样的话,MASON表示,那就寻找它有茎的地方。但是如果你找不到也不需要着急。

SANDRA MASON: "The good news is, the bulbs will figure it out."
SANDRA MASON:“好消息是,球茎自身会长出来的。”

Do not use fertilizer for the first year. After that, if you do fertilize the bulbs, do not mix the fertilizer in the planting hole. It could burn the roots.
第一年不要施肥。第一年过后,如果你给球茎施肥的话,不要将肥料混在坑里。那样会将它的根烧坏的。

There is a trick people can use to grow bulbs in places where the ground never freezes. Keep the bulbs cold in a refrigerator for about three months, then take them out and let them get used to the warmth. Now the bulbs will be ready to develop normally, colorful blooms and all.
人们可以利用一个窍门在地面从来不结冰的地方种植球茎。将球茎放在冷藏室里保存三个月,然后将它们移出来,让它们适应温暖。于是球茎就能够正常生长,绽放出五彩缤纷花朵。
And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Jerilyn Watson. Share your gardening stories and get more advice at www.unsv.com. We're also on the VOA Learning English page on Facebook. I'm Bob Doughty.

该帖于2011年4月13日 1:12:46时被版主Webmaster推荐为给力好帖!
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