Congress to Chinese immigrants: Sorry for discriminatory laws | 美国国会为130年前出台《排华法案》向中国移民道歉

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Chinese laborers sewed wheat sacks in the San Fernando Valley in 1898, 16 years after the Chinese Exclusion Act. (Stanford University Press)
Chinese laborers sewed wheat sacks in the San Fernando Valley in 1898, 16 years after the Chinese Exclusion Act. (Stanford University Press)

WASHINGTON — One hundred and thirty years after passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act, the House on Monday expressed its regret for enacting discriminatory laws targeting Chinese immigrants.

The rare apology came on a resolution sponsored by Rep. Judy Chu(中文名:赵美心), the first Chinese American woman elected to Congress.

"This is a proud moment for all Americans who treasure justice and equality," said Carolyn Hong Chan, national president of the Chinese American Citizens Alliance.

Chu, whose grandfather was forced to register and carry a certificate of residence for about 40 years because of the laws, told House colleagues Monday: "It is for my grandfather and for all Chinese Americans who were told for six decades by the U.S. government that the land of the free wasn't open to them that we must pass this resolution."

趙美心 | Judy May Chu
趙美心(Judy Chu,1953年7月7日-)

"We must finally and formally acknowledge these ugly laws that were incompatible with America's founding principles," she added. "By doing so, we will acknowledge that discrimination has no place in our society."

The Senate approved a similar resolution last fall.

"It's a very significant day for the Chinese American community," said Martin Gold, a Washington, D.C., lobbyist who volunteered his services to Chinese American groups to help win passage of the resolution.

"It's a point of closure," he added, noting that many Chinese Americans have personal stories about family members affected by anti-Chinese laws.

The vote came after Chu revised the resolution to specify that nothing in it should be construed as support for reparations.

Chu was approached by a coalition of Chinese American groups to introduce the resolution shortly after her election to the House in 2009. The resolution made it to the House floor after Chinese Americans stepped up efforts to persuade their representatives to support the measure.

"It took a nationwide effort," she said in an interview.

To call attention to the resolution, she recently held a news conference at the downtown Los Angeles site of the 1871 Chinese Massacre, in which 19 Chinese were killed by a mob of about 500.

Between 1879 and 1904, Congress passed a number of laws targeting Chinese immigrants, including the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, signed by President Arthur. It barred Chinese laborers from entering the country for a decade (and later extended) and denied U.S. citizenship to Chinese immigrants already here. The law was repealed in 1943 after China became a U.S. ally in World War II.

In 2009, California issued a similar apology for the state's discrimination against Chinese immigrants.

Congress has issued similar apologies before, but they are rare.

In 1993, Congress apologized to Hawaiians for the U.S.-led overthrow of their monarchy in 1893.

In 1988, President Reagan signed legislation providing $1.25 billion, or $20,000 each, in reparations and a formal apology for Japanese Americans interned during World War II.

In 2008, the House issued an apology to African Americans "on behalf of the people of the United States, for the wrongs committed against them and their ancestors who suffered under slavery and Jim Crow." The Senate passed a similar resolution a year later.

Source: Los Angeles Times

网友的学习评论(11条):
we must applaud the america on this apology,a mature nation must be accountable and take the responsibility for the mistakes they've made.history is just make up with mistakes and progresses.making mistakes is inevitable and the more important thing is to confront the issue and correct it.
unfortunately,it's not the case in china.the chinese government either turn blind eyes to the society problems or downplay the issues.corruption,bureaucracy,nepotism are rampant in china.though china continues to see a rapid growth of economy,what's the exchange for? our environment is seriously destroyed,our human rights are ruthless tramped,our good qualities are carelessly abandaned.there are no belief,no faith,no responsibility,no obligation in our country.our country is broken.
social disparity becomes more and more severe,unfair distribution of wealth and power is very comman in china,the gap between the rich and the poor is wilder and wilder.the rare people,so called privileged class,are ruling the country.our people properties are not secured.our houses can be demolished in an instant.we spend as much money on tranquilizing the society as the military.
any information about the government is labelled "country secret" and is not available to the public.what a pathetic loser.what are they fearing for?people are getting more and more concerned about the food security and the inflation.on the one hand,the soaring oil price and the booming housing price shrink our pocket money.
on the other hand ,our food are contaminated and people don't trust our food industry as much as we used to.the government collude with the food manufacture and housing investors to make a big funture.our oversight and regulations are just ignored.there are so many social problems needed immediate attentions.but solving the problem is not an option,our government is good at diverting the public attention,the latest launch of the ShenZhou spacecraft is a good example.
once the economy bulb is blasted.our all social issues are exposed and unprecedented storm is on its way.there are a number of questions haunting me recently,what's the patriotism?what's the truth?what' the history.as we all know history is written by the victors.as we grow up ,all history we learn is from textbook,is it the truth or just some tricks the rulers play.
there is a saying,20% YuanMingyuan(圆明园)treasure were robbed by the foreigh intruders and the other 80% were looted by our own people.isn't it terrified? our chinese are all familiar with the NanJing massacre,300,000 victims were killed.is it the true number?because according to the other records,only 200,000 were counted.even though the NanJing massacre is undeniable,our country,so called the world power even can't provide the accurate number of the massacre,what a pothetic country.
we all get the fact that a developing country must be facing a lot of problems,but compare to solve the problems,the more important thing and the first priority is to admit the problems with a good attitude.it is shameless to ignore and cover the problems.
the public are getting more and more discontent with the government inaction.people can not only put you on the rule position,but also drag you down to the doormat.you can't just take patriotism and country individual condition as excuses to crack down on people and restrict the medias.the more you repress,the more backlash you will get.
people slash on the government for reasons,fight fire with fire.one day you will drown in people's outrages.you will pay for what you have done to the people with blood.
作者:catFish
it's time to show our strength to the world, how dare you show off on our face, get out of my way