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中级美国英语 - 第三十六课 动词不定式(二)

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一.本课要点及示例

在这一课里, 我们学习动词加上宾语再加上动词不定式的用法, 比方 "用信用 卡买" use credit cards to buy. "准许你用" permit you to use 等等, 我们还要谈 一谈美国人怎么用信用卡代替现钱来买东西.

首先我们听一段对话,内容是说凯特跟亨利谈起了用信用卡的事情. 请你注意 两位英文老师的发音和语调.

F: I am happy I started carrying the credit card that the bank gave us.

M: Why is that, Kate? Did you use it to buy something?

F: I sure did. On the way home I stopped at the store to buy some beef for dinner. I forgot that I didn't have any cash with me.

M: And they permitted you to pay with the card?

F: Yes. They didn't even ask me to give them identification.

M: We have to be careful. If we lose them and someone finds them, the bank will charge us for what they buy.

F: How much has the bank authorized us to spend with the card?

M: Fifteen hundred dollars. The bank encourages us to use the card, but they will also require us to pay them back.

F: You are right, Henry. I'll remember that.But the card sure makes it easy to spend money.

现在我们听两位老师用慢速度再把整段对话再念一遍.

F: I am happy I started carrying the credit card that the bank gave us.

M: Why is that, Kate? Did you use it to buy something?

F: I sure did. On the way home I stopped at the store to buy some beef for dinner. I forgot that I didn't have any cash with me.

M: And they permitted you to pay with the card?

F: Yes. They didn't even ask me to give them identification.

M: We have to be careful. If we lose them and someone finds them, the bank will charge us for what they buy.

F: How much has the bank authorized us to spend with the card?

M: Fifteen hundred dollars. The bank encourages us to use the card, but they will also require us to pay them back.

F: You are right, Henry. I'll remember that.But the card sure makes it easy to spend money.

下面我把对话里包含了今天要学的语法的句子挑出来, 请英文老师再念一遍 给你听.

M: Did you use it to buy something?

M: And they permitted you to pay with the card?

F: They didn't ask me to give them identification.

F: How much has the bank authorized us to spend with the card?

M: The bank encourages us to use the card.

M: They will also require us to pay them back.

二.动词加宾语再加动词不定式

听了上面那些句子, 你可能觉得今天要学的语法并不难, 不过句子里有些词 汇, 比方 "准许" permit, "授权"authorize. "鼓励" encourage 等等你或许觉得有 点儿生疏. 现在我们作第一组练习, 一方面学习语法,一方面记词汇. 我请英文 老师根据刚才那段对话念一些句子. 这些句子都跟凯特用信用卡有关系. 比 方 "银行规定她必须有储蓄账户." The bank requires her to have a saving account. "银行可能要她付利息" The bank may ask her to pay interest.等等. 你 先注意听男老师念句子, 然后跟着女老师把句子重复一遍.

M: The bank allowed Kate to use a credit card.

F: The bank allowed Kate to use a credit card.

M: The bank permitted her to charge with it.

F: The bank permitted her to charge with it.

M: The bank authorized her to spend 15 hundred dollars with it.

F: The bank authorized her to spend 15 hundred dollars with it.

M: The bank requires her to have a saving account.

F: The bank requires her to have a saving account.

M: The bank encourages her to use it.

F: The bank encourages her to use it.

M: The bank will ask her to pay the money back.

F: The bank will ask her to pay the money back.

M: The bank may ask her to pay interest.

F: The bank may ask her to pay interest.

下面我们再作一组练习把语法和词汇重复练习一遍. 练习的作法是老师用疑 问词提出问句, 比方 What did the bank permit Kate to use? 接着老师念一个词 组, 比方 a credit card, 学生就用词组来回答问题, 所以答案就是 The bank permitted Kate to use a credit card. 现在我们开始作练习.在学生回答问题的时 候请你也一起回答.

M: What did the bank permit Kate to use?

M: a credit card

F: The bank permitted Kate to use a credit card.

M: What did the bank allow her to do with it?

M: charge with it

F: The bank allowed her to charge with it.

M: How much money did the bank authorize her to spend?

M: 15 hundred dollars

F: The bank authorized her to spend 15 hundred dollars.

M: What does the bank require her to have?

M: a saving account

F: The bank requires her to have a saving account.

M: What does the bank encourage her to do?

M: use the credit card

F: The bank encourages her to use the credit card.

M: What will the bank ask her to do?

M: pay the money back

F: The bank will ask her to pay the money back.

M: What may the bank ask her to pay?

M: interest

F: The bank may ask her to pay interest.

从刚才作的练习里我们可以知道, 在美国如果你在银行里有储蓄, 银行可能给 你信用卡代替现款用, 一段时间之后你才加上利息还清. 下面我们作一组代换 练习看看美国人常常用信用卡买什么东西, 比方买汽油, 买车票, 戏票, 付账等 等. 美国人也用信用卡邮购东西, 也就是 place mail orders, 或是"证明自己的 身份 "identify themselves. 现在我们开始作练习. 请你跟着老师把第一个句子 重复一遍, 然后把老师提出的词组代换到原来的句子里, 每作完一句就请你听 老师再把句子念一遍.

M: People use credit cards to buy a lot of things.

M: buy clothes

F: People use credit cards to buy clothes.

M: purchase gasoline

F: People use credit cards to purchase gasoline.

M: purchase tickets

F: People use credit cards to purchase tickets.

M: pay bills

F: People use credit cards to pay bills.

M: place mail orders

F: People use credit cards to place mail orders.

M: identify themselves

F: People use credit cards to identify themselves.

下面我们换一个方式作练习, 一方面复习今天教的语法, 一方面再学一学信用 卡的用途, 比方 "买家具" buy furnitures, "订杂志" subscribe to magazines, "订礼物"order gifts 等等.练习的作法是老师念一个被动语态句子,请你用 one, o-n-e, one 作主语把句子改成主动语态说出来.下面就是一个例子:

M: Credit cards can be used to buy expensive things.

F: One can use credit cards to buy expensive things.

现在我们开始作练习, 每作完一句, 老师就把正确答案念给你听.

M: Credit cards can be used to buy expensive things.

F: One can use credit cards to buy expensive things.

M: Credit cards can be used to buy furnitures.

F: One can use credit cards to buy furnitures.

M: Credit cards can be used to purchase food.

F: One can use credit cards to purchase food.

M: Credit cards can be used to purchase airplane tickets.

F: One can use credit cards to purchase airplane tickets.

M: Credit cards can be used to pay restaurant bills.

F: One can use credit cards to pay restaurant bills.

M: Credit cards can be used to subscribe to magazines.

F: One can use credit cards to subscribe to magazines.

M: Credit cards can be used to order gifts.

F: One can use credit cards to order gifts.

下面我们再作一组练习, 一方面再学学今天这一课的语法, 一方面也可以学一 学在美国人们用信用卡的种种规定, 比方有固定收入的人才可以申请信用卡, 顾客用信用卡买东西必须在账单上签名, 除了银行,大商店也可以发信用卡给 信用好的顾客等等. 练习的作法是老师念一个有从句的被动语态句子, 比方 "申请信用卡的人必须交出他们的财务方面的资料." People who are applying for a credit card are required to supply their financial information. 请你用商店作 主语把句子改成主动语态, 所以答案就是 "商店要求申请信用卡的人交出财 务方面的资料." The store requires people who are applying for a credit card to supply their financial information. 这组练习里的句子比较长, 请你特别注意听, 每作完一句, 老师会念出正确答案给你听.

M: People who have regular incomes are permitted to apply for a credit card.

F: The store permits people who have regular incomes to apply for a credit card.

M: People who are applying for credit cards are required to supply their financial information.

F: The store requires people who are applying for credit cards to supply their financial information.

M: People who make regular payments are allowed to use credit cards.

F: The store allows people who make regular payments to use credit cards.

M: People who have credit cards are authorized to spend money with them.

F: The store authorizes people who have credit cards to spend money with them.

M: Customers who have credit cards are encouraged to use them.

F: The store encourages customers who have credit cards to use them.

M: Customers who use credit cards are asked to sign the bills.

F: The store asks customers who use credit cards to sign the bills.

三.听短文回答问题

现在我们来作这一课的听力测验. 今天我们要听的文章是介绍美国人用信用 卡的情况.文章里不但提到什么是信用卡,为什么许多美国人买东西不用现款, 不开支票, 而用信用卡, 文章也解释了用信用卡的种种规定和信用卡的种种 用途. 文章里的词汇都是我们以前学过或是刚才练习过的.

现在请你注意听.

Americans spend a lot of money in their daily lives. Working people spend money on transportation to and from work and on various expenses throughout the day. Americans enjoy shopping and buy many things that they need and want. They spend a lot of money on entertainment. They buy sports equipment, go to sporting events and do many things that cost money.

However, many Americans don't pay cash or write checks for these things. More and more they pay for things with credit cards. Credit cards are small, rectangular plastic cards.

Banks give these cards to their customers. When the customer buys something at a store, he shows his card at the store. This authorizes the store to charge the bank for the customer's purchase. The bank collects all the charges for each customer. Then once a month the bank requires the customer to pay all the charges for that month. The bank does not force the customer to pay the full amount. It allows the customer to pay for the charges in several payments over a period of time.

However, the bank requires the customer to pay interest on the unpaid part of the charges.

In this way the bank allows customers to buy things they cannot afford at one time.

People can use the card to buy what they want and pay for it over a period of time.

They also do not need to carry a lot of money.

刚才那篇文章如果你没有全部听懂, 没有关系, 等一会儿你还有机会听. 现在 我们先把今天测验的三个问题听一遍.

第一个问题是:

M: How do Americans pay for things they buy?

第二个问题是:

M: What is a credit card?

第三个问题是:

M: What are some of the advantages in using credit cards?

现在我请英文老师用慢速度再把整篇文章念一遍.

Americans spend a lot of money in their daily lives. Working people spend money on transportation to and from work and on various expenses throughout the day. Americans enjoy shopping and buy many things that they need and want. They spend a lot of money on entertainment. They buy sports equipment, go to sporting events and do many things that cost money.

However, many Americans don't pay cash or write checks for these things. More and more they pay for things with credit cards. Credit cards are small, rectangular plastic cards.

Banks give these cards to their customers. When the customer buys something at a store, he shows his card at the store. This authorizes the store to charge the bank for the customer's purchase. The bank collects all the charges for each customer. Then once a month the bank requires the customer to pay all the charges for that month. The bank does not force the customer to pay the full amount. It allows the customer to pay for the charges in several payments over a period of time.

However, the bank requires the customer to pay interest on the unpaid part of the charges.

In this way the bank allows customers to buy things they cannot afford at one time.

People can use the card to buy what they want and pay for it over a period of time.

They also do not need to carry a lot of money.

现在请你回答下面三个问题. 每回答一个问题, 老师就会念出正确答案给你 听, 让你作个比较, 看你答对了没有.

第一个问题是:

M: How do Americans pay for things they buy?

F: They pay cash, write checks or use credit cards.

第二个问题是:

M: What is a credit card?

F: It is a small rectangular plastic card which is used for money.

第三个问题是:

M: What are some of the advantages in using credit cards?

F: People can buy things that they cannot afford at one time. They also do not need to carry a lot of money.

网友的学习评论(11条):
作者:lsr
It is a small rectangular plastic card which is used for money
作者:lsr
Americans pay cash, write checks or use credit cards
作者:Vana
Now we are in the same way with Americans.The banks and stores allow people to use credit cards and you will be authorized a large money based on your financial information and paying crdit. Credit card may cause you using more and more money and let you waste more.Be careful the credit cards.
作者:JerryBing
It is a small rectangular plastic card which is used for money~ thank you a lot~
作者:rosine
The financial system is very perfact in the united states, every Americans can have their own saving accouts when they are old enough to meet the requirments of laws. People who have regular incomes are encouraged to apply for credit cards, but they have to pay the money back when they spend more money than they have in their accounts.although the way can meet mang people's wants of purchase , but it can also economic bubble.
作者:Ada.jiang
more and more chinese like use credit cards buy many things that they need and want.they spend a lot of money on lives.they buy apartment or house,buy cloths and food and do many things that cost money.they can use the card to buy what they want and pay for it over a period of time.credit card may cause people using more and more money .
作者:see you
Credit card is good,it allow us to buy things that we can‘t afford at the moment。but be careful,if you spend too much money,repayment can be miserable。
作者:see you
The students who get enough scores are authorized to graduate.
作者:Ada.jiang
i often use credit cards to buy anything. for example, i use credit cards to buy clothes、tickets、food、book etc. but my husband often use cash to buy things that he want and need.
作者:Ada.jiang
I didn't hear these words"authorized, saving account, rectangular, a period of time, unpaid.'
作者:Maggie
1.I am happy I started carrying the credit card .一直认为时态要一致,这里I am happy是一般现在时,而I started carrying 是过去时,不过从意思上是可以理解的。2.beef 听成bees 3.But the card sure makes it easy to spend money.中make it听起来很像make that,不能分辨。4.a saving account男老师读的是savings而在字典上savings account才是对的。5.The bank does not force the customer to pay the full amount. full amount听成full among them. 6.unpaid写成unpayed
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