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中级美国英语 - 第四课 助动词 can, may, will 等

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一.本课要点及示例

在这一课里我们要学习怎么用助动词 can, c-a-n, can, may, m-a-y, may, will, w-i-l-l, will 和 might, m-i-g-h-t, might.

首先我们依照惯例, 先请你听一段对话, 内容是说 peter 在学校里跟同学 Mary 谈到了学校里的活动. 我们还是先用自然速度念一遍, 请你注意听英文老师的 发音和声调.

M: Hi, Mary.

F: Oh, hello, Peter. How are you?

M: I'm fine. Can you have a cup of coffee with me?

F: I can't now. I have an exam tomorrow. I have to study for it.

M: You're taking a lot of courses this year.

F: I might drop some of them. Are you still with the football team?

M: Yes, we will play a game this Friday.

F: May I go to see you play?

M: Yes, of course.

F: I hope the weather will be sunny Friday.

M: I hope so, too.

现在我们用慢速度再把这段对话念一遍.

M: Hi, Mary.

F: Oh, hello, Peter. How are you?

M: I'm fine. Can you have a cup of coffee with me?

F: I can't now. I have an exam tomorrow. I have to study for it.

M: You're taking too many courses this year.

F: I might drop some of them. Are you still with the football team?

M: Yes, we will play a game this Friday.

F: May I go to see you play?

M: Yes, of course.

F: I hope the weather will be sunny Friday.

M: I hope so, too.

现在我把刚才那段会话里包含了助动词的句子挑出来, 用慢速度再念一遍给你 听.

M: Can you have a cup of coffee with me?

F: I can't now.

M: I might drop some of them.

M: We will play a game this Friday.

F: May I go to see you play?

F: I hope the weather will be sunny Friday.

二.CAN

首先我们学习怎么用 can, c-a-n, can. 这个字表示 "有能力" 作一件事. 它的否定 式是 cannot, c-a-n-n-o-t, cannot, 可以减缩为 can't, 意思当然就是说 "没有能力" 作一件事. 在第一组练习里, 我们给你举一些例子, 说 Peter 和 Mary 能作什么 事而不能作什么事. 每个句子我们念两次, 在念第二次的时候请你也跟着念.

M: Peter can have a cup of coffee but Mary can't.

F: Peter can have a cup of coffee but Mary can't.

M: Peter can play football but Mary can't.

F: Peter can play football but Mary can't.

M: Peter can swim but Mary can't.

F: Peter can swim but Mary can't.

M: Mary can dance but Peter can't.

F: Mary can dance but Peter can't.

M: Mary can sing but Peter can't.

F: Mary can sing but Peter can't.

M: Mary can speak French but Peter can't.

F: Mary can speak French but Peter can't.

下面我们换一个方式作练习. 由学生问老师: "我能作什么呢?" 然后老师提出一 个词组, 请学生用这个词组来回答问题. 我先举一个例子:

F: What can I do?

M: join the gymnastics team

F: I can join the gymnastics team.

M: join the track team

F: I can join the track team.

好, 现在我们开始做练习:

F: What can I do?

M: join the gymnastics team

F: I can join the gymnastics team.

M: join the track team

F: I can join the track team.

M: drive a car

F: I can drive a car.

M: cook fancy dishes

F: I can cook fancy dishes.

M: speak English well

F: I can speak English well.

M: run fast

F: I can run fast.

M: sing an American song

F: I can sing an American song.

三.MAY 和 MIGHT

学完了 can 的用法, 现在我们看看怎么用助动词 may 和 might. 这两个字都表示 将来事情可能发生,在句子里可以交换使用.比方 "将来彼得可能成为职业选手" 这句话可以这么说: Peter may become a professional player. 也可以这么说:

Peter might become a professional player.

好, 下面我们来作一组练习. 练习的内容都是说彼得将来可能有什么成就. 现在 我们请英文老师提出一个用 may 这个字的句子, 请学生用might 这个字来代替.

在学生作练习的时候也请你跟着作.

M: Peter may become a professional player.

F: Peter might become a professional player.

M: Peter may become a sport star.

F: Peter might become a sport star.

M: Peter may play in the Olympic Games.

F: Peter might play in the Olympic Games.

下面我们来看一看玛丽将来可能有什么成就. 还是请你照样跟着练习.

M: Mary may become a professional singer.

F: Mary might become a professional singer.

M: Mary may have a career in singing.

F: Mary might have a career in singing.

M: Mary may sing in a concert.

F: Mary might sing in a concert.

四.用 MAY 表请求

刚才我们学习了 can 跟 can't, 还有 may 跟 might 的用法, 下面我们要学习 may 的另外一种用法. may 这个字除了可以表示可能性之外还可以用来表示允许或 是请求.

在上一课里我们提到彼得夏天里要到纽约去旅行的事情; 下面一组练习谈的都 是彼得问妈妈到了纽约准不准他作什么事的问题.首先由彼得问一个问题,然后 你会听到 yes 或是no. 请你根据你听到的来回答问题. 首先举个例子:

M: May I go to New York with the school tour?

F: Yes!

F: Yes, you may go to New York with the school tour 好, 现在我们开始做练习, 在你答覆问题之后, 请你听正确答案.

M: May I go to New York with the school tour?

F: Yes!

F: Yes, you may go to New York with the school tour.

M: May I go to New York alone?

F: No!

F: No, you may not go to New York alone.

M: May I take a lot of money with me?

F: No!

F: No, you may not take a lot of money with you.

M: May I take two suitcases with me?

F: Yes!

F: Yes, you may take two suitcases with you.

M: May I visit some beautiful churches in New York?

F: Yes!

F: Yes, you may visit some beautiful churches in New York.

下面我们多举几个例子. 每个例子我们念两遍, 请你听一遍, 重复一遍:

M: May I have a cup of coffee with you?

F: May I have a cup of coffee with you?

M: May I go to see you play football?

F: May I go to see you play football?

M: May I have four tomatoes and a dozen eggs?

F: May I have four tomatoes and a dozen eggs?

M: May I sit next to you?

F: May I sit next to you?

M: May I dance with you?

F: May I dance with you?

M: May I take you home?

F: May I take you home?

M: May I use your telephone?

F: May I use your telephone?

M: May I help you?

F: May I help you?

五.WILL

好了, 现在我们学习今天要教的最后一个助动词 will. 这个字是表示将来会发生 什么事.下面我们举一些例子.每个句子还是念两遍,还是请你听一遍,重复一遍.

M: Peter will play football this Friday.

F: Peter will play football this Friday.

M: Mary will go to see the football game this Friday.

F: Mary will go to see the football game this Friday.

M: Mary will see Peter this Friday.

F: Mary will see Peter this Friday.

M: The weather will be sunny this Friday.

F: The weather will be sunny this Friday.

现在我们学习怎么样把刚才那些句子加上疑问词变成问句. 比方老师说: Peter will play football this Friday. 接着老师给你一个疑问词 what, 你就把句子改成:

What will Peter play this Friday? 好, 现在我们开始做练习. 在你作完一个问 句之后, 就请注意听正确的答案.

M: Peter will play football this Friday.

M: What

F: What will Peter play this Friday?

M: Mary will go to see the football game this Friday.

M: When

F: When will Mary go to see the football game?

M: Mary will see Peter this Friday.

M: Who

F: Who will Mary see this Friday?

M: The weather will be sunny this Friday.

M: How

F: How will the weather be this Friday?

will 这个字还可以用来表示一个人的志愿. 下面这组练习内容都是问你肯不肯 做什么事. 每个句子我们还是念两遍, 请你听一遍, 重复一遍.

M: Will you sing a song for us?

F: Will you sing a song for us?

M: Will you go to the bank with me?

F: Will you go to the bank with me?

M: Will you take me to the airport?

F: Will you take me to the airport?

M: Will you buy two loaves of bread?

F: Will you buy two loaves of bread?

下面一组练习是把 will 跟它的否定式 will not 也就是 won't 作个比较. 还是请你 听一遍, 跟着重复一遍.

M: Peter won't go to the supermarket but Mary will.

F: Peter won't go to the supermarket but Mary will.

M: Peter won't cook for you but Mary will.

F: Peter won't cook for you but Mary will.

M: Mary won't go swimming with you but Peter will.

F: Mary won't go swimming with you but Peter will.

M: Mary won't have a cup of coffee but Peter will.

F: Mary won't have a cup of coffee but Peter will.

六.听短文回答问题

现在我们来作听力测验. 首先还是请你听一段文章, 内容是说一般美国中学生, 比方彼得, 在学校里面能够参加什么样的体育活动,将来可能有什么样的成就.

我们是先用正常速度念一遍, 请你注意地听.

American high school students, like Peter, may play on school sports teams. Most high schools have football, baseball, basketball and track teams. Some schools might also have swimming teams, gymnastics teams and tennis teams. Good players can join university teams when they graduate from high schools. The very best will become popular sports stars. The best football, basketball and tennis players can become professional.

That means they will have a career in sports and will get money when they play. The best track and gymnastics students may go to the Olympic Games on the U.S. Olympic team.

刚才那段文章你听懂了没有? 要是没全部懂, 等一会儿还有机会听. 现在我先请 英文老师把今天测验的三个问题念给你听.

第一个问题是:

M: What sports teams do most American high schools have?

第二个问题是:

M: What kind of players will become popular sports stars?

第三个问题是:

M: What does "professional players" mean?

好, 现在我们再把刚才那段文章用慢速度念一遍, 请你注意听:

American high school students, like Peter, may play on school sports teams. Most high schools have football, baseball, basketball and track teams. Some schools might also have swimming teams, gymnastics teams and tennis teams. Good players can join university teams when they graduate from high schools. The very best will become popular sports stars. The best football, basketball and tennis players can become professional. That means they will have a career in sports and will get money when they play. The best track and gymnastics students may go to the Olympic Games on the U.S. Olympic team.

现在要请你回答今天测验的三个问题. 在你回答之后, 还是请你听正确的答案, 看你答对了没有.

第一个问题是:

M: What sports teams do most American high schools have?

F: They have football,baseball,basketball and track teams.

下面是第二个问题:

M: What kind of players will become popular sports stars?

F: The very best players will become popular sports stars.

现在请你回答第三个问题:

M: What does "professional players" mean?

F: It means to have a career in sports and to get money to play.

网友的学习评论(55条):
作者:nana
对助动词的用法有了深刻的认识,谢谢!
作者:tgrnflily
以前认为都认识这些词,可是用起来总是出错。今天算是弄明白了。非常感谢!
作者:victer tan
Pass through this course, we can understand the "can" means 能力. "may" or"might" means 将来可能。In addition "may" means 允许,请求,"may not "means 不可以. "will"将来发生,"will" also means 肯不肯。
作者:Paris
懂得了许多细节问题,以后会更加注意。
作者:Kristin_Zhou
继续加油!!!
作者:Joey
When I graduated from high school,I enter into the university,where there are a lot of sports teams we can join ,such as basketball , football, baseball,and gymnatics teams ,at that time,I have a dream,that is ,I want to become a professional player,and then to be a popular sport star,as Yao Ming.
作者:pinbo
Good!
作者:Rambo
使我对助动词有一个更加深刻的认识,非常感谢
作者:patriot.
继续努力!!
作者:浮生如梦
get it....
作者:Martin Qiu
got it
作者:yangyang
I will go to gui zhou province next month,I hope the weather will be sunny
作者:阿辉
very good !!!!
作者:xian70999
先学习过一遍
作者:jimmy Run
听力还要加强。。。
作者:heling
要加油才行啊!
作者:sunny
学了很多,对助词有更深的认识,关键是要学会应用,get our act together!
作者:Little Pan
Ok!Got it!
作者:Alex
I want found somebody study English with me,would you study with me?
作者:松魂
Study english is very hard work,but I think I can overcome。
作者:Alex
oK, this time is end for study todday!
作者:janeprimrose
Through this course,I also to have the new understanding.
作者:Ken.Frank
Jane work there for several years.She didn't go to college since she graduate from high school
作者:Butterfly
The course is very wonderful!
作者:mitrl
yesterday.I learned how to cook own my dinner。I will mark a big of lunch for my family.
Ok!Got it!
作者:David
Got it.
作者:happyhenry
May I have a cup of tea with you?
作者:Amy
I shall study harder at English.
作者:Bennett
I can eat fish at lunch.I can't eat bread at lunch.I may eat chicken at lunch.I asked my mother :"may I go out to relax."my mother is agreed.I will go out in the afternoon.I‘m very happy
作者:Bluseli
I hope I can get a good score in next CET 。
作者:Felcx
will you play basketball with me at our school -Gui Lin University Of Electronic Technology? I can play basketball very well but I Can't swinming.
作者:Ada.jiang
chinese high schools students,may play on school interest teams. most high schools have basketball,gymnatics teams,sing teams,drawing teams.good players might became professional players when they graduate from high schools.
作者:ALLEN
start by 14:05 and finish by 15:50,,,
作者:houtou197
I can speak good english too with hard work
作者:Future
"can" is with friend and "may" more polite than can
作者:Doreen
i will try to 学习英语群:216959529。希望我们这些初学者能在这里互相学习。加油。。。
作者:Butterfly
I can do homework but can't cooking.
作者:Butterfly
May I have a lot of money to Changsha?
作者:Billy
I may eat rice at supper, but I can't eat noodles.
作者:insister
the way of choosing and training sport players is much different from china.In China, we choose and train the player when they are very young, such as 6 or seven years old, and they live and train in a solid place, called state team or province team.Many tragic stories happened when some of the professional players retired
作者:Ada.jiang
i am learn it second .
作者:DOV隳隳
再来一遍!
作者:Ada.jiang
I didn't heard words'weather、drop、gymnastics、track team、fancy、career、concert、tour、baseball'.
作者:Maggie
今天读的时候有点有气无力,后来跟着复读机一起读,把速度调到快I,跟里面的声音比赛,就觉得很有趣了。
作者:Maggie
有点担心后劲问题了。读can/cannot句型的时候就跳过了,因为有点不想读,觉得简单。
作者:Maggie
昨天晚上读may/might句型时有感觉了,读起来就觉得很快乐了。
作者:Maggie
May I visit some beautiful churches in New York?这里面的some是不是应该用any?在疑问句和否定句中不是应该用any吗?
作者:Maggie
前面读的要看到字才能读得很快,如果不看字,竟然想不起来任何一段。
作者:Nico
hello ~请问 may 和 might 在表示将来可能会的情况下,有什么区别么?
作者:Maggie
楼上的,之前我们学语法的时候说might是过去式,也可以表示非常委婉的将来。但在这课里,说它们之间没有任何区别。随便用。
作者:Maggie
现在先读再与Mp3对比,发现读音与标准越来越接近。太好了
作者:Maggie
昨天读得有点累了,无意中把嘴形弄得特别夸张。发现读正确的几率加大。因为有些词,如:school sports team,gymnastic team读的时候有时舌头弯不了那么快,读得有点含混。但如果像疯狂英语一样夸张嘴形,就能很好的发音。等读顺了再就容易了。疯狂英语的训练口腔肌肉的方法还是有些道理的。
作者:SEGADoraeamon
so easy,妈妈再也不用担心我的学习
作者:丽雪将军
great!
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