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中级美国英语 - 第八课 过去式动词

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一.本课要点及示例

在这一课里, 我们继续学习过去式动词.

首先还是依照惯例, 请你听一段对话, 内容是说彼得星期六下午遇见了他的同 学玛丽, 两个人谈到星期五晚上学校开舞会的事情. 现在我请两位英文老师念 这段对话, 请你特别注意英文老师的发音和语调.

M: Where were you this morning?

F: This morning? I was at home, helping my mother.

M: Why weren't you at school? Weren't you on the clean up committee for the dance?

F: No, I wasn't on that committee. I was on the decorating committee.

M: Oh! Well, the decorations were very nice.

F: We worked on them all day Friday. Were you at the dance last night?

M: Yes, I was. I didn't see you there.

F: I was there, but there were a lot of people, and I didn't stay very long.

M: It was a nice dance, wasn't it?

F: Yes, I enjoyed it very much.

现在我再请英文老师把整段对话用慢速度念一遍. 这次请你特别注意对话里的 过去式动词.

M: Where were you this morning?

F: This morning? I was at home, helping my mother.

M: Why weren't you at school? Weren't you on the clean up committee for the dance?

F: No, I wasn't on that committee. I was on the decorating committee.

M: Oh! Well, the decorations were very nice.

F: We worked on them all day Friday. Were you at the dance last night?

M: Yes, I was. I didn't see you there.

F: I was there, but there were a lot of people, and I didn't stay very long.

M: It was a nice dance, wasn't it?

F: Yes, I enjoyed it very much.

在刚才那段对话里有几种不同的过去式动词, 现在我挑选出几个例子, 请英文 老师再用慢速度念一遍:

M: Where were you this morning?

F: I was at home.

M: Why weren't you at school?

F: I wasn't on that committee.

F: We worked on them all day Friday.

M: I didn't see you there.

F: I enjoyed it very much.

二.BE的过去式

好了, 现在我们开始作练习. 首先我们练习动词 be, b-e, be 的过去式.下面我举 的例子都是跟刚才那段对话有关系的. 比方彼得跟玛丽参加了学校的舞会, 这 个舞会是在学校体育馆举行的等等. 每个句子我们念两遍, 请你听一句, 跟着老 师重复一句.

M: Peter and Mary were at the dance last Friday night.

F: Peter and Mary were at the dance last Friday night.

M: There were a lot of people at the dance.

F: There were a lot of people at the dance.

M: It was a nice dance.

F: It was a nice dance.

M: The dance was in the school gymnasium.

F: The dance was in the school gymnasium.

M: Mary was on the decorating committee.

F: Mary was on the decorating committee.

M: Peter was on the clean up committee.

F: Peter was on the clean up committee.

下面一组练习是把 was 跟否定式 was not 也就是 wasn't 作个比较. 句子的内容 还是跟刚才那段对话有关系. 每个句子我们还是念两遍, 请你听一遍, 跟着老师 重复一遍.

M: Mary was at home this morning, but Peter wasn't.

F: Mary was at home this morning, but Peter wasn't.

M: Peter was at school this morning, but Mary wasn't.

F: Peter was at school this morning, but Mary wasn't.

M: Mary was on the decorating committee, but Peter wasn't.

F: Mary was on the decorating committee, but Peter wasn't.

M: Peter was on the clean up committee, but Mary wasn't.

F: Peter was on the clean up committee, but Mary wasn't.

下面一组练习是比较 were 跟否定式 were not 也就是 weren't. 还是请你听一遍 跟着老师重复一遍.

M: Peter and Mary were at the dance last Friday night, but Henry and Kate weren't.

F: Peter and Mary were at the dance last Friday night, but Henry and Kate weren't.

M: There were a lot of students at the dance, but there weren't a lot of teachers.

F: There were a lot of students at the dance, but there weren't a lot of teachers.

三.复习规则动词的过去式

现在我们来复习规则动词过去式. 下面这组换字练习的内容是说学生举行舞会 的经过, 比方他们舞会之前画海报, 请乐队, 舞会之后清理会场等等. 老师先念 一个句子, 接着老师念一个新词组, 叫学生把新词组代换到原来的句子里. 请你 跟学生一起作练习. 现在我们开始.

M: The students worked very hard for the dance.

M: needed to decorate the gymnasium

F: The students needed to decorate the gymnasium.

M: painted posters for the dance

F: The students painted posters for the dance.

M: hired a band to play music

F: The students hired a band to play music.

M: danced with their partners

F: The students danced with their partners.

M: talked when they danced

F: The students talked when they danced.

M: enjoyed the dance very much

F: The students enjoyed the dance very much.

M: cleaned up the gymnasium after the dance

F: The students cleaned up the gymnasium after the dance.

四.几个不规则动词过去式做用字问答练习

下面我们练习几个不规则动词过去式. 首先我们学习 pay, p-a-y, pay 的过去式 paid, p-a-i-d, paid. 现在英文老师用 did 提出一些跟学生舞会有关系的过去式问 句, 每问一句, 他就给你一个简短的答覆, 请你根据他提出的词组和 paid 来回 答问题. 我先给你举一个例子.

M: Did the students pay some money for the dance?

M: Yes

F: Yes, the students paid some money for the dance.

好了, 现在我们开始作练习. 每作完一句, 老师会念出正确的答案, 你自己比较 一下, 看作得对不对.

M: Did the students pay some money for the dance?

M: Yes

F: Yes, the students paid some money for the dance.

M: Did all of them pay?

M: Yes

F: Yes, all of them paid.

M: When did they pay the money?

M: last Monday

F: They paid the money last Monday.

下面我们要练习的两个动词 buy, b-u-y, buy 跟 bring, b-r-i-n-g, bring 在变成过去 式的时候有共同点: buy 变成 bought, b-o-u-g-h-t, bought; bring 变成 brought, b-r-o-u-g-h-t, brought. 现在我们来练习这两个不规则动词过去式. 还是由老师用 did 和现在式动词提出问句, 然后老师给你一个词组,请你用这个词组跟 bought 或是 brought 回答问题. 这些问题都是说到学生为了开舞会,到超级市场买了食 物和饮料, 他们带了朋友一起参加舞会之类跟舞会有关系的问题. 在你回答问 题之后还是请你听正确的答案.

M: Did the students buy a lot of things for the dance?

M: Yes

F: Yes, they bought a lot of things.

M: What did they buy?

M: food and drinks

F: They bought food and drinks.

M: Where did they buy them?

M: in the supermarket

F: They bought them in the supermarket.

M: Who did the students bring to the dance?

M: their friends

F: They brought their friends to the dance.

M: Where did the students bring their friends?

M: gymnasium

F: They brought their friends to the gymnasium.

下面我们要练习的三个不规则动词 begin, b-e-g-i-n, begin, drink, d-r-i-n-k, drink 跟 sing, s-i-n-g, sing 在变成过去式的时候 "i" 都变成 "a", 所以 begin 变成了 began; drink 变成了 drank; sing 了变成 sang. 现在我们还是跟刚才一样作练习.

老师提出的问题还是都是跟舞会有关系的, 比方舞会几点钟开始, 学生在舞会 里喝了柠檬水跟可口可乐, 玛丽在舞会里唱了什么歌等等. 还是请你根据老师 给你的词组来回答问题. 回答之后, 还是请你听正确答案.

M: When did the dance begin?

M: at 7 o'clock

F: The dance began at 7 o'clock

M: When did the students begin to dance?

M: at 7:30

F: They began to dance at 7:30.

M: What did the students drink at the dance?

M: lemonade and Coca Cola

F: They drank lemonade and Coca Cola.

M: Did some of them drink coffee?

M: Yes

F: Yes, some of them drank coffee.

M: Did Mary sing at the dance?

M: Yes

F: Yes, Mary sang at the dance.

M: What did Mary sing?

M: an American song

F: Mary sang an American song.

我们今天要练习的最后一个不规则动词过去式就是come, c-o-m-e, come 的过去 式 came, c-a-m-e, came. 现在我们按照刚才的方式来练习. 请你用老师提出的 词组跟 came 回答学生是几点钟来到会场, 他们是怎么去的等等有关舞会的问 题. 回答之后, 请你跟老师念的正确答案作个比较.

M: Did a lot of people come to the dance?

M: Yes

F: Yes, a lot of people came to the dance.

M: When did most of them come?

M: at 7 o'clock

F: Most of them came at 7 o'clock.

M: How did most of them come?

M: by car

F: Most of them came by car.

五.听短文回答问题

首先还是请你听一段文章, 内容是说在美国大学和高中里学生为了周未开舞会 成立委员会的事情, 还提到了彼德和玛丽学校里开舞会的种种情况.

现在请你注意听.

In American colleges and high schools, students often have dances at their schools on weekends. Students usually plan the dances and do a lot of work for them. They do this in committees. There was a dance last Friday night at Peter and Mary's school. Mary was on the decorating committee and Peter was on the clean up committee. The dance was in the school gymnasium. Every student paid two dollars for the dance. They spent some of the money on decorations and they hired a band to play music. They also bought some food and drinks. The dance began at 7 o' clock. Nearly 500 people came. Most of them were students of Peter and Mary's school. Some students brought friends from other schools.

Everyone danced and had a good time.

刚才那段文章比较长, 但是我们今天的练习都是根据那段文章编的, 所以应该 不太难懂. 你要是没全懂, 等一会儿老师会再念一遍. 现在老师先把今天测验的 三个问题念给你听.

第一个问题是:

M: What do American students often do on weekends?

第二个问题是:

M: What committees were Peter and Mary on?

第三个问题是:

M: How did the students spend their money for the dance?

现在老师再把整段文章念一遍, 请你注意刚才三个问题的答案.

In American colleges and high schools, students often have dances at their schools on weekends. Students usually plan the dances and do a lot of work for them. They do this in committees. There was a dance last Friday night at Peter and Mary's school. Mary was on the decorating committee and Peter was on the clean up committee. The dance was in the school gymnasium. Every student paid two dollars for the dance. They spent some of the money on decorations and they hired a band to play music. They also bought some food and drinks. The dance began at 7 o' clock. Nearly 500 people came. Most of them were students of Peter and Mary's school. Some students brought friends from other schools.

Everyone danced and had a good time.

现在请你回答问题. 回答之后, 请你听正确答案.

第一个问题是:

M: What do American students often do on weekends?

F: They often have dances at their schools on weekends.

第二个问题是:

M: What committees were Peter and Mary on?

F: They were on the decorating and clean up committees.

第三个问题是:

M: How did the students spend their money for the dance?

F: They spent some of the money for decorations. They hired a band and they bought some food and drinks.

网友的学习评论(25条):
作者:stella
看了在线翻译的内容,觉得有些句子翻译得很勉强,不好理解
作者:English-crazy
在线翻译软件就是垃圾。不是很勉强,根本很多都是错的
作者:xian70999
我把学习当作是一种享受!
作者:bob
很好,这是个很好的学习方式!我收获很大。能把这五十来篇文章全部学好,基本就解决了英语又聋、又哑、又瞎的问题。十分感谢UNSV的各位老师和工作人员!
作者:bob
编辑这个教材的老师非常有水平!难得的好教材。
作者:mitrl
I cleaned up the living room、bedroom、readingroom and kitchen. I did all over it that spent my two hours.after that ,I started to study my English in UNSV web station. This web's contents are very useful for me.
作者:David
Excellent!
作者:Vical
很不错,容易懂
作者:Felcx
It was funny last night ,I watched a movie ,It was tall a America man(Tom-Kelus)played a job in IBF ,thoulgh it wasn't verly distinct,but It was very exciting.I hope you can have a look.
作者:Ada.jiang
i cleaned up my home last sunday. i cleaned up the living room,kitchen,bedroom, bothroom,diningroom. i did all over that spent my 4 hours. after that, i made many delicious food for me.
作者:ALLEN
be here ,,,
作者:victor chiang
Excellent.
作者:jenny_wu
listening was hard ,but i nver give up
作者:jenny_wu
I go to school for a long time .But i isn't take part in the dance.That 's my dream .I think i can't have the change any more.
作者:gil_wang
Yesterday,I cooked a meal for my family .after they ate ,there were some remark refer to the meal ,my mother said that the meal which i cokked was too salty,and then my husbund said the dishes didn't have meat ,finally my kid said he didn't like eating rice ,he like eating noodles.listened to above of on this ,l was to break down,l felt very sad.
作者:Ada.jiang
it is easy
作者:Ada.jiang
I didn't heard these words"committee,didn't see,gymnasium,painted posters,hired a band,begin.'
作者:zijian.wang
decorating gymnasium band
作者:Maggie
还在继续读,但现在有点疲,进度有点快了,两天就读一课。读得顺一点就换下一段了。
作者:Maggie
觉得很简单的就读几遍很快跳过。感觉舌头利索了。但昨天碰到老外,却只能单词单词地说:where?eat?等等
作者:Maggie
buy/bring 变成过去式还真的挺难变的。读的时候经常会弄错,读成did bought/brought. 而该读却又读成buy/bright.不过经过两天的努力,现在好多了。真是应了疯狂英语的理论:英语不过是嘴皮子的功夫,嘴皮子利索了,啥语法不在话下.
作者:Maggie
come/came 也不好读。sing/sang相对好读一些。周五周日晚都没有读。要抓紧。
作者:Maggie
早上还在读最后一篇,觉得很顺口了。
作者:Kathleen
very good, it is easy to understand
作者:SEGADoraeamon
OMG! I feel dizzy after that
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