VOA Special English - UNSV英语学习频道VOA Special Englishhttp://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/http://www.unsv.com/images/unsv.gifVOA慢速英语即VOA Special English,又叫VOA特别英语,是快速提高听力、纠正发音、改善阅读理解,扩充英语知识的绝佳节目,还被新东方、疯狂英语等培训机构选作核心教材。http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/zh-CNhttp://www.unsv.com60版权所有©2003-2011 UNSV.COM英语学习频道,保留所有权利。Sat, 27 May 2017 00:56:59 UTC<![CDATA[Where Are the World's Best Beaches?]]>Ashley Thompson如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/27/9366/

In summer, people around the world seek rest and relaxation on a beach.

Depending on where you live, you might enjoy playing in ocean waves or visiting a beach along a peaceful lake or river.

The American travel website company TripAdvisor publishes a list of the world’s best beaches every year. The winners are based on the past year of ratings and reviews by TripAdvisor users worldwide.

Today, we are going to explore this year’s top 10 beaches in the world.

1. Baia do Sancho, Brazil

TripAdvisor named Brazil’s Baia do Sancho as this year's best beach in the world. Its water is calm and clear. Its sand is fine and soft.

Baia do Sancho has been named 2017's best beach in the world Baia do Sancho has been named 2017's best beach in the world

But getting to Baia do Sancho is not so easy. It is on Fernando de Noronha, a volcanic island more than 300 kilometers off Brazil’s coast. Travelers must take a plane or boat from major cities in northern Brazil to get there. And no more than 420 visitors can be on the island at one time.

All of Fernando de Noronha is a national park. Baia do Sancho is one of its two main beaches. Getting there involves walking along steep, rocky cliffs and then climbing down a ladder. But, as one TripAdvisor user wrote, this is part of what makes the beach special: “Sancho Bay is even made more hauntingly beautiful because of its remote location, thick vegetation and rock cliffs.”

2. Grace Bay, Turks and Caicos

While Baia do Sancho is difficult to get to, Trip Advisor’s second-ranked beach could not be much easier for tourists to reach. Grace Bay is on Turks and Caicos, a Caribbean island group south of the Bahamas. Travelers to the islands often choose to stay at oceanfront hotels right next to Grace Bay.

Hotels sit all along Grace Bay Hotels sit all along Grace Bay

This beach has impossibly clean and clear waters and pure white sand. Its calm waters make it extremely safe for swimming, snorkeling, or simply floating. Once on land, many visitors enjoy walking -- barefoot -- for several kilometers on the soft, warm sand.

3. Eagle Beach, Aruba

To get to the third-best beach, we head south to the Dutch Caribbean island of Aruba. Like Grace Bay, Eagle Beach has clear, calm waters and soft white sand.

Eagle Beach, Aruba Eagle Beach, Aruba

It offers visitors a chance to try different water sports, including tubing and jet skiing. Eagle Beach may be best known, however, for its dramatic sunsets. On clear nights, the sky turns red, orange, and purple.

4. Playa Paraiso, Cuba

TripAdvisor’s fourth-best beach is also in the Caribbean. Playa Paraiso is on Cayo Largo, an island off of Cuba’s southern coast. Its name means “Paradise Beach” in English.

Paraiso has a fun, laid-back restaurant for those who wish to eat and drink. There is little else on the beach. And that is exactly what visitors like about it. People come here for the sugar-like sand and calm waters filled with colorful wildlife.

5. Siesta Key, United States

Next, we visit the only U.S. beach to make it among TripAdvisor’s top 10 list. Florida’s Siesta Key is a low-lying island. The scientist known as Dr. Beach recently named Siesta Key the best beach in America -- and for good reason.

This May 18, 2017 photo shows Siesta Beach on Siesta Key in Sarasota, Florida. (AP Photo, Chris O'Meara) This May 18, 2017 photo shows Siesta Beach on Siesta Key in Sarasota, Florida. (AP Photo, Chris O'Meara)

Siesta Key is on the Gulf of Mexico. It offers safe and clean waters, a big beach, stunning sunsets, and excellent seashell collecting. Visitors of all ages go to Siesta Key when the tide is low to find beautiful, large and, sometimes, rare seashells.

6. La Concha, Spain

Speaking of seashells, TripAdvisor’s number-six beach gets its name from a conch, a kind of large shell. La Concha beach is in the city of San Sebastian, in northern Spain’s Basque area.

A view of La Concha beach A view of La Concha beach

People come here to surf and swim in the Atlantic Ocean’s La Concha Bay. They also enjoy walking along the wide, curved beach. La Concha is more developed than the other beaches on TripAdvisor’s list. From the sandy coast, you can see San Sebastian’s tall buildings and hear the sounds of city life. In fact, it is one of Europe’s best-known urban beaches.

7. Playa Norte, Mexico

Cancun is one of Mexico’s most famous beach resort areas. Near its coast is Isla Mujeres, or Island of Women. This is where you will find Playa Norte, number seven on TripAdvisor’s list of best beaches. Playa Norte has restaurants, bars, palm trees, and beach chairs to rent. It is one of the island’s best places to snorkel.

Summer visitors may even see whale sharks -- the largest fish in the world. Many Playa Norte companies offer whale shark boat tours from May to September. And adventurous travelers can even jump in the water and swim with them.

8. Radhanagar Beach, Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Our next beach, Radhanagar, is on an island in the Indian Ocean. Radhangar sits on the western coast of Havelock Island, part of the Indian territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

It is considered one of Asia’s best beaches, with crystal-clear waters and powder-like sand. Its reputation has made it a very popular beach. Visitors usually share the sands with plenty of people.

9. Elafonissi Beach, Greece

On the Greek island of Crete, TripAdvisor’s ninth-ranked beach offers unspoiled natural beauty. Elafonissi Beach is known for its intensely turquoise-colored waters, pink sand and black rocks.

Elafonissi Beach, Greece Elafonissi Beach, Greece

It is also known for being somewhat difficult to reach. The road to Elafonissi is narrow and takes many sharp turns. But that does not seem to stop people; it is filled with visitors year-round.

10. Galapagos Beach, Ecuador

Probably no place on Earth is better known for wildlife than the Galapagos Islands. And the white-sand Galapagos Beach at Tortuga Bay does not disappoint in that respect. Hundreds of sea turtles build their nests here each year. Visitors may also see marine iguanas, sea lions, flamingos, and lava gulls -- birds that are found only in the Galapagos.

Lava gulls Lava gulls

But perhaps the most famous creatures you might find here are the tiny Galapagos finches, also called Darwin’s finches. They were named after scientist Charles Darwin. His theory of evolution was partly based on his study of the beaks of these birds.

From quiet, peaceful bays to city oceanfronts, TripAdvisor's top 10 beach list offers something for every type of traveler.

Do you have a favorite beach that you have visited? Tell us about it in the comments section!

I'm Ashley Thompson.

And I'm Caty Weaver.

Words in This Story

fine - adj. made up of very small pieces, drops, etc

steep - adj.​ almost straight up and down : rising or falling very sharply​

cliff - n. ​ a high, steep surface of rock, earth, or ice​

hauntingly - adv. in a way that is sad or beautiful in a way that is difficult to forget

remote - adj.​ far away from other people, houses, cities, etc.​

dramatic - adj.​ greatly affecting people's emotions​

snorkel - v. to swim while using a special tube that makes it possible to breathe while you are swimming with your head underwater

laid-back - adj.​ relaxed and calm​

stunning - adj. very beautiful or pleasing

urban - adj.​ of or relating to cities and the people who live in them

resort - n. ​a place where people go for vacations​

bar - n. ​a building or room where alcoholic drinks and sometimes food are served​

adventurous - adj. ​not afraid to do new and dangerous or exciting things​

crystal - n. ​a clear hard mineral that is either colorless or very light in color and that is used in making jewelry​

powder - n. ​a dry substance made up of very tiny pieces of something​

reputation - n. the way in which people think of someone or something

beak - n. the hard usually pointed parts that cover a bird's mouth

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/27/9366/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/27/9366/VOA Special EnglishSat, 27 May 2017 00:20:00 UTC
<![CDATA[Different Meanings of 'Make' in Everyday Speech]]>Alice Bryant如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/26/7833/

Imagine you are watching the 1991 American film City Slickers. It tells the story of an unhappy man and two of his friends. The men agree they need a short break from their day-to-day problems. So they decide to go on a trip to the southwestern United States.

In the movie, you hear the following lines:

'When you're a teenager, you think you can do anything – and you do. Your twenties are a blur. Thirties, you raise your family, you make a little money and you think to yourself, 'What happened to my twenties?'

Our report today is not about aging. Instead, it is about a strange verb: make.

Have you ever wondered about the verb make? Have you noticed that it has different meanings in different situations?

On Everyday Grammar, we will explore three meanings of the word make. We will learn how make has different meanings depending on the noun phrase that follows it in a sentence.

The verb make

Make is an irregular verb. Unlike many other verbs, the past tense is not formed by adding an –ed at the end. Instead, the past tense is made.

The literal meaning of make is 'to produce or create something.' However, this meaning is not common in everyday speech.

Instead, English speakers often use make to suggest different meanings. They show these meanings by using one of a number of noun phrases after the verb.

Together, these make+noun phrase structures have an idiomatic meaning. In other words, the structure make+ a noun phrase often has a meaning other than what the individual words suggest.

There are many different meanings of the structure make+ a noun phrase.

Two grammar experts, Susan Conrad and Douglas Biber, have identified over one dozen commonly-used make + noun phrase expressions!

Today, we will study three of them. These structures are all polite and can be used in almost any situation – at school, at work, or among friends and family.

#1 Perform an action

One common meaning of make is this: to perform an action.

Make has this meaning when it is followed by a noun phrase such as the bed or a telephone call.

Here are two examples.

You might hear a parent tell a child, 'You need to make your bed.' Or you might hear someone say, 'I would like to make a phone call.'

In both examples, the verb make suggests performing an action. So, when an English speaker says 'make the bed,' he or she means to perform the action of straightening the bedcover and sheets.

When someone says 'make a phone call,' he or she means the act of going to the phone, calling the number, and speaking to another person.

#2 Plan or decide to do something

A second meaning of the verb make is to plan or decide to do something. Make has this meaning when followed by a noun phrase such as an appointment, plans to, or a decision to.

Imagine you hear this short phone call:

Person 1: Good afternoon, this is Doctor Smith's office.

Person 2: Good afternoon. I would like to make an appointment with Dr. Smith.

Person 1: I'm sorry, he's not available until Friday. Would you like to make an appointment for this Friday?

Person 2: I don't think that will work – I've already made plans to go out of town!

In the exchange, you heard two examples of make+a noun phrase. The words 'make an appointment' mean to plan to meet with another person.

When the speaker says, 'I've already made plans to go out of town,' what she means is that she has already decided to do something – go out of town.

You will hear this structure often in other situations – such as in a news report or on a television show. Almost every day, news agencies report, 'The president has made a decision to… ' or 'The committee has made plans to....'

Now you know that they have the basic meaning of planning or deciding to do something.

#3 Earn money

A third common meaning of make is this: to earn money. Make has this meaning when followed by noun phrases such as a living, money, or a profit.

So, for example, a student might say, 'Now that I've finished school, I have to make a living.' A businessperson might explain to a financial specialist, 'My business made a profit last year.'

In both cases, make means the act of earning money.

There was an example of this meaning at the beginning of our report.

'When you're a teenager, you think you can do anything – and you do. Your twenties are a blur. Thirties, you raise your family, you make a little money and you think to yourself, 'What happened to my twenties?'

What can you do?

Now that you have learned about a few meanings of the verb make, you will have to make an attempt to learn a few other possible meanings of it.

The next time you are watching an American film or television broadcast, try to find examples of make+ a noun phrase.

Ask yourself how the speakers are using make, and what nouns or noun phrases go with the verb.

Learning these idiomatic meanings of make is not easy. However, with training and effort, you can make progress.

I'm Alice Bryant.

And I'm John Russell.

John Russell wrote this story for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Words in This Story

blur – n. something that is difficult to remember

irregular – adj. not following the normal patterns by which word forms (such as the past tenses of verbs) are usually created

literal – adj. involving the ordinary or usual meaning of a word

idiomatic – adj. an expression that cannot be understood from the meanings of its separate words but that has a separate meaning of its own

noun phrase – n. a group of words that acts like a noun in a sentence

polite – adj. having or showing good manners or respect for other people

tensen. a form of a verb suggesting time or length of action

grammarn. the study of words and their uses in a sentence

dozen – n. a group of 12

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/26/7833/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/26/7833/VOA Special EnglishFri, 26 May 2017 04:42:00 UTC
<![CDATA[US Ship Challenges Chinese Claims in South China Sea]]>UNSV.COM英语学习频道如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/26/7530/

A United States Navy ship has sailed near a Chinese-controlled coral reef in the South China Sea.

The move was the first U.S. test to China’s territorial claims in the waterway since President Donald Trump took office.

The guided missile destroyer USS Dewey came within 22 kilometers, or 12 nautical miles, of Mischief Reef in the Spratly Islands. China claims Mischief and other reefs in the South China Sea as part of its territory.

The United Nations defines territorial waters as extending up to 12 nautical miles from a state's coastline.

Chinese officials have sent workers to expand and develop the coral reefs. Satellite images suggest China has set up military bases and sent weapons to some of the new, man-made islands.

Chinese dredging vessels are purportedly seen in the waters around Mischief Reef in the disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea, May 21, 2015. Chinese dredging vessels are purportedly seen in the waters around Mischief Reef in the disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea, May 21, 2015.

The United States and other nations have criticized China for its island-building activities in the area. The disputed waterway is one of the world’s busiest shipping routes.

Other countries with territorial claims in the South China Sea are the Philippines, Vietnam, Taiwan, Malaysia and Brunei.

The U.S. military has carried out freedom of navigation operations in the area. They are designed to show military force and demonstrate support for free movement of shipping in international waters.​

U.S. forces completed at least four freedom of navigation operations in the South China Sea in recent years. The last one took place in October 2016.

A U.S. Defense Department spokesman said in a statement the latest action was a continuation of the operations. U.S. forces would keep operating in the South China Sea to “fly, sail and operate wherever international law allows,” the statement said.

China’s Foreign Ministry protested the naval operation. A foreign ministry official told reporters the U.S. destroyer had 'trespassed' near islands over which China has 'indisputable sovereignty.' He added that such patrols were 'very likely to cause unexpected sea and air accidents.'

The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Dewey prepares for a replenishment-at-sea in the South China Sea. The Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer USS Dewey prepares for a replenishment-at-sea in the South China Sea.

'We urge the U.S. to correct this mistake and stop taking further actions so as to avoid hurting peace and security in the region and long-term cooperation between the two countries,' the official said.

Earlier this month, a bipartisan group of U.S. senators urged President Trump to restart freedom of navigation operations. The senators described the South China Sea as critical to U.S. national security interests and to peace in the Asia-Pacific area.

The appeal came after a meeting in the United States between Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping. The U.S. president said the meeting helped them to develop friendly relations. The Trump administration has said it is seeking China’s help in dealing with the North Korean nuclear threat.

I’m Bryan Lynn.

Bryan Lynn wrote this story for VOA Learning English, based on reports from VOA News, the Associated Press and Reuters. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

Words in This Story

trespass – v. enter someone else’s land without permission

indisputable adj. impossible to question or doubt

sovereigntyn. power of a country to control its own government

bipartisan adj. supported by members of both political parties, Democrat and Republican

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/26/7530/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/26/7530/VOA Special EnglishThu, 25 May 2017 17:28:00 UTC
<![CDATA[Gaining Political Advantage Through Redistricting]]>Jill Robbins如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/26/7363/

Americans have been fighting over how to create congressional districts since 1789.

That was when James Madison was elected to the House of Representatives although his Virginia district was created to give his opponent the advantage. Madison went on to become president of the United States, as did his opponent in that election, James Monroe.

On Tuesday, the U.S. Supreme Court released a decision in the latest congressional redistricting dispute.

Redistricting is the process of redefining congressional districts on a map. Voters within each district elect a representative to the U.S. Congress.

The court rejected two congressional districts in the state of North Carolina. The court said race played too large a part in how the districts were created.

More African-American voters were added to both districts, making them majority black. Those disputing the redistricting said the result weakened black voting strength in other parts of North Carolina.

It happens every 10 years

Every 10 years the U.S. government carries out a census that counts the number of people living in all 50 states.

After the census, each state develops new district lines for the House of Representatives, and state legislatures, to reflect the new population numbers.

Common Cause is an activist group that supports measures to have independent commissions create districts.

That would be a change from the current system. Most states now permit the political party that controls state government to create district lines. That gives the majority party’s candidates an advantage, according to Common Cause.

There are now more state governments controlled by Republicans than Democrats. The Brennan Center, a democracy and justice group in New York, says this has given Republicans an advantage.

The group says the benefits provided Republicans are worth 16-17 seats to the current Republican majority in the 435-member House of Representatives.

Like a salamander

A salamander is photographed at the Farallones National Wildlife Refuge in California. A salamander is photographed at the Farallones National Wildlife Refuge in California.

Developing district lines to give one political party an advantage is known as gerrymandering. That term was created in 1812 to make fun of a congressional district, approved by Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry.

Some said the 1812 Massachusetts district looked like a salamander, a lizard-like animal that lives in water and on land.

Supreme Court Justice Elaine Kagan wrote the recent decision in the North Carolina redistricting case. She said states cannot make race a primary reason for creating district lines, as she said was the case in North Carolina.

U.S. Supreme Court Justice Elena Kagan. U.S. Supreme Court Justice Elena Kagan.

Republicans, who controlled the redistricting process in North Carolina, said they were guided by politics, not race.

Their goal, Republicans said in a legal paper, was to make strong Democratic districts “even stronger” so Republican candidates in nearby districts would do better.

The Supreme Court may take up the question of how much politics can affect redistricting next year, said Justin Levitt. He is a law professor at Loyola Law School in Los Angeles, California.

“There's no other major Western democracy that lets incumbents draw their own district lines, as we do, and that's the source of a lot of the problems we encounter,” he said.

The Brennan Center for Justice said six states use independent commissions to create district lines. But most others let state legislators and governors create districts.

Eric Holder is the former attorney general under President Barack Obama. He is now the leader of the National Democratic Redistricting Committee, which backed the legal challenge that led to Tuesday’s Supreme Court decision.

“North Carolina’s maps were among the worst racial gerrymanders in the nation,’’ Holder said.

Robin Hayes is chairman of the North Carolina Republican Party.

Hayes complained that it is difficult for legislatures to create district lines, when courts 'constantly' change rules 'from case to case, often after the fact.”

The Supreme Court ruling criticized how North Carolina creates districts. But the two districts considered by the court were already changed, as a result of earlier court rulings.

More and larger congressional districts

The size of House of Representative districts has grown as America’s population has increased.

In 1790, each of the 110 members of the House of Representatives represented about 34,000 residents. Today, there are 435 House members, with districts of about 711,000 people each.

Congress is divided into two bodies -- the House of Representatives and the Senate. The number of House members in each state is based on population.

In the Senate, each state has two senators, regardless of population. So California, with a population of 39.2 million, has the same number of senators as Wyoming, with about 585,000 residents.

I'm Jill Robbins. And I'm Bruce Alpert.

Bruce Alpert reported on this story for VOA Learning English. Mario Ritter was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section and share your views on our Facebook Page.

Words in This Story

advantage - n. something such as a good position or condition that helps to make someone or something better or more likely to succeed than others

census - n. the official process of counting the number of people in a country, city, or town and collecting information about them

gerrymandering – n. to divide a state or legislature into political units that give one group an unfair advantage

incumbent - n. a person who holds a particular office or position

draw - v. to create something

source - n. the cause of something

encounter - v. to experience problems or difficulties

constantly - adv. happening again and again

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/26/7363/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/26/7363/VOA Special EnglishThu, 25 May 2017 16:40:00 UTC
<![CDATA[Taiwan Becomes First in Asia to Recognize Same-Sex Marriage]]>Ashley Thompson如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/25/6504/

Taiwan’s Constitutional Court ruled in support of legalizing same-sex marriage Wednesday. It marked the first such ruling in Asia.

Rights activists celebrated the court’s decision. It followed years of campaigning by supporters of gay rights.

The court said current marriage laws were “in violation of both the people’s freedom of marriage...and the people’s right to equality.”

Taiwanese officials now have two years to make legal amendments to permit same-sex marriage, the court said.

After the court’s ruling, hundreds celebrated in the center of Taiwan’s capital, Taipei. They flew rainbow-colored flags and shouted in support of gay marriage.

Jamie, who did not want to give his last name, has been with his partner for 22 years. He said the ruling was an important moment for Taiwanese society.

“I am so touched. Finally we’ve reached this moment. This represents Taiwan’s human rights. This is a step forward in human rights,” he said.

Jay Lin is director of the Taiwan International Queer Film Festival, and a father of two. He said parents in same-sex relationships, in his words, “need this law even earlier, even faster.”

The ruling Democratic Party, which swept national elections last year, supports the change.

Legislators will now work on a bill to enforce the court’s ruling. Both the ruling and major opposition parties in the legislature support the legalization of same-sex marriage. So does President Tsai Ing-win, Taiwan’s first female leader.

Public opinion studies show a majority of Taiwanese support making same-sex marriage legal.

Gays and lesbians in Taiwan have formed an effective lobby in recent years. Tens of thousands of people attend Taiwan’s yearly Gay Pride parade.

Some conservative religious and social groups continue to push against gay rights. However, the influence of such groups is less strong than in the United States and other parts of the world.

Twenty-two of the world’s nearly 200 countries have legalized same-sex marriage. In Asia, Taiwan is the first government to legalize such unions, while South Africa is the only country in Africa to permit them.

More than 70 countries continue to criminalize homosexual acts.

I'm Ashley Thompson.

The Associated Press reported this story. Ashley Thompson adapted it for Learning English, with additional materials from Reuters. Caty Weaver was the editor.

Words in This Story

rainbow -n. a curved line of different colors that sometimes appears in the sky when the sun shines through rain

shout - v. to say (something) very loudly

touched - adj. having emotional feelings because you are grateful or pleased by what someone has done or said

sweep - v. to win everything that can be won in (something, such as an election) in an easy or impressive way

lobby - n. an organized group of people who work together to influence government decisions that relate to a particular industry, issue, etc.

homosexual - adj. based on or showing a sexual attraction to people of the same sex

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/25/6504/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/25/6504/VOA Special EnglishThu, 25 May 2017 07:13:00 UTC
<![CDATA[US Farmers, Farmworkers Concerned About Immigration Policies]]>Alice Bryant如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/1650/

Farmers and fruit growers in the United States depend heavily on immigrants to grow and harvest their crops.

Most immigrants working on American farms are Hispanic and come from Mexico or Central America. Many of them entered the United States illegally, and have settled in rural communities across the country.

The immigrants often raise families while working in the fields. And, just like U.S. citizens, they pay taxes.

President Donald Trump has called on government agencies to increase enforcement of the nation’s immigration laws. His administration's policies on illegal immigration are creating fear in the agricultural industry. The industry worries about losing the workers it needs to plant, grow and harvest the crops that feed the country.

In the eastern state of Pennsylvania, fruit farmers are concerned about the administration's immigration policies. The farmers fear they will not have enough workers to stay in business.

Spring is pruning season for apple trees in Adams County, Pennsylvania. Hispanic immigrant workers care for the trees in many of the area’s apple orchards.

The work takes many hours and is tiring and repetitive. Kay Hollabaugh says very few Americans are willing to do this kind of work anymore. She helps supervise her family's farm and orchard in Adams County. And, she worries that immigration officers will take her workers away.

'For Rent' signs have started appearing in York Springs, PA, as some Hispanic immigrants move away. (M. Kornely/VOA) 'For Rent' signs have started appearing in York Springs, PA, as some Hispanic immigrants move away. (M. Kornely/VOA)

'If my immigrant workforce is taken away, I don't have anybody to harvest my fruits and vegetables. It will be the end of our business. 75 people will not have a job and my family – who has been here for over 60 years – will lose this.'

Some of the immigrants who work on the farms live in the town of York Springs. Almost half of the town speaks Spanish. But, these days, few of the people are out on the streets in this community. They are fearful because of recent arrests by immigration officers.

Arturo, a Spanish speaker, lives in York Springs. He says that things were different before; people felt more at ease.

'People would go out and walk around, they weren't afraid. Today it's very different. People are in hiding,' he said. 'Most of the people have left town, they've returned to their countries before anything else happens.'

Main Street in York Springs, PA, is often empty of pedestrians in a climate of deportation fear. (M. Kornely/VOA) Main Street in York Springs, PA, is often empty of pedestrians in a climate of deportation fear. (M. Kornely/VOA)

An estimated 800,000 workers harvest crops in the United States. About 46 percent of them are thought to be immigrants who entered the country illegally. The Associated Press says those numbers come from the U.S. labor and agriculture departments.

The Rice Fruit Company is the largest apple-packing house in the eastern United States. It prepares apples from Adams County farms for shipping to buyers across the country.

The Rice Fruit Company depends on immigrant labor to get the job done. The company employs some people from York Springs. It has 100 people working year-round — and double that number at harvest time. Most come from Latin America.

'No question about it, there's a great deal of anxiety.'

David Rice is president of the Rice Fruit Company. He says that, while his employees have the required documents to work legally, there is still a climate of fear.

'It's really unfortunate because those people, very, very fine workers and very, very fine people who are contributing a lot to the local economy and an immense amount to the apple economy particularly.'

Workers, many of them immigrants, sort apples at the Rice Fruit Company, the largest apple-packing facility in the Eastern U.S. (M. Kornely/VOA) Workers, many of them immigrants, sort apples at the Rice Fruit Company, the largest apple-packing facility in the Eastern U.S. (M. Kornely/VOA)

The fruit industry in Adams County earns $580 million a year, according to one study. It also provides almost 20,000 jobs.

But, if immigrant workers start to leave the area, Rice says his company will be forced to reduce operations.

Rice says the company is exploring ways to reduce labor costs, including using more machinery. He said his company may also need to work with only the most profitable, efficient orchards.

The Hollabaugh fruit market has pictures of its family and workers all over the walls. Kay Hollabaugh feels a personal connection to her workers.

'When I watch on TV, a Hispanic mom or dad pulled away from their kids, I can't deal with it. I don't get it. Taking my work force away, remembering that I'm feeding everyone, along with the dairy farmers and the corn growers, and I just feel like our time and money could be so much better spent than tearing families apart and sending well-intended people home.'

At a protest in the nearby town of Gettysburg, demonstrators showed their support by handing out apples picked by immigrant workers.

I'm Alice Bryant.

This story combines reports by Bill Rodgers and the Associated Press. Alice Bryant adapted the reports for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

Words in This Story

prune - v. to cut off some of the branches of a tree or bush so that it will grow better or look better

orchard - n. a place where people grow fruit trees

anxiety - n. fear or nervousness about what might happen

unfortunate - adj. not appropriate or desirable

packing - n. the processing of food for future sale

according - adv. as stated by or in

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/1650/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/1650/VOA Special EnglishWed, 24 May 2017 02:11:00 UTC
<![CDATA[US Naval Academy Students Climb Slippery Monument]]>UNSV.COM英语学习频道如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/9980/

This is What’s Trending Today.

Many American universities have special traditions for students during graduation week – usually the last week in the month of May. Most of the traditions involve the students who are about to graduate.

For example, one tradition at the United States Military Academy – known as West Point – involves giving money to the student who places last in the graduating class. That student gets one dollar from every classmate. The award adds up to be about $1,000. It is meant to honor the hard work of that student.

Another military academy, however, may have the most physically difficult tradition of all. And it is not for its graduates. Instead, it involves first-year students.

Plebes climb the grease-covered Herndon Monument on the United States Naval Academy campus in 2012. Plebes climb the grease-covered Herndon Monument on the United States Naval Academy campus in 2012.

The U.S. Naval Academy is in Annapolis, Maryland. Every year during graduation week, its first-year students must complete a difficult task in order to advance to the next year. They must find a way to climb up a tall monument. It is about 6.5 meters high. At the top is a hat traditionally worn by new students at the academy, called plebes. The students must replace that hat with one worn by older academy students.

To make things even more difficult, older students cover the monument in grease. That makes the tower difficult to hold onto and climb.

A close shot of the grease-covered monument the U.S. Naval Academy plebes climbed on Monday. A close shot of the grease-covered monument the U.S. Naval Academy plebes climbed on Monday.

The Washington Post newspaper covered this year’s Naval Academy event on Facebook Live. The video has been viewed more than 2 million times. More than 13,000 people wrote comments about the video.

People who watched the live stream saw hundreds of students run to the monument, take off their shirts and try to rub the grease off of the monument.

As the plebes tried to climb the tower, older students at the academy sprayed them with water.

The students tried to build a so-called human pyramid to try to reach the top of the monument. The first student to reach the top could then replace the hat.

The Naval Academy’s legend is that the student who is the first to replace the hat will be the first from the class to reach the rank of admiral in the Navy.

Many who watched the Facebook Live video had questions about the event. One former Naval Academy student even left a comment. He described to viewers what it was like when he climbed the tower.

When he did it, he said, the base of the tower was flooded and turned muddy.

David Newell is from Canada. He wrote on Facebook that he had been watching the live video for over two hours. “What a great example of young people working together for a common goal,” he wrote.

Last year, the students completed the task in about 72 minutes. On Monday, it took them almost two times as long.

After the students finally finished, one viewer commented: “that was worth every minute.”

And that’s What’s Trending Today.

I’m Dan Friedell.

Dan Friedell wrote this story for VOA Learning English based on a story and video by the Washington Post. Ashley Thompson was the editor.

Do you think you and your friends could reach the top of the monument? We want to know. Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

Words in This Story

graduationn. the act of receiving a diploma or degree from a school, college, or university : the act of graduating

pleben. a student in the first year at a military or naval school

greasen. an oily substance

spray – v. to flow out in a stream of very small drops

task – n. a piece of work that has been given to someone : a job for someone to do

legend – n. a story from the past that is believed by many people but cannot be proved to be true

admiral – n. a high-ranking officer in the navy

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/9980/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/9980/VOA Special EnglishWed, 24 May 2017 02:10:00 UTC
<![CDATA[Bombing at British Concert Kills 22, Injures Dozens]]>UNSV.COM英语学习频道如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/1779/

A suicide bomber killed at least 22 people in an attack at a concert in the northern English city of Manchester.

More than 50 others were injured.

The attack happened Monday night at Manchester Arena, at the end of a performance by American pop star Ariana Grande. The explosion sent people scrambling to get out of the arena, which can hold up to 21,000 people.

Concert goers react after fleeing the Manchester Arena in northern England where U.S. singer Ariana Grande had been performing in Manchester, Britain, May 22, 2017. Concert goers react after fleeing the Manchester Arena in northern England where U.S. singer Ariana Grande had been performing in Manchester, Britain, May 22, 2017.

British police identified the attacker as 22-year-old Salman Abedi. They said he was killed in the explosion. Abedi was reportedly a British citizen whose parents came from Libya.

The Islamic State group claimed responsibility, saying one of its members carried out the attack. But United States and British officials could not confirm the claim.

The Islamic State said an attacker had prepared several bombs. But Manchester police said they believed only one bomber had used an improvised explosive device in the attack.

Manchester Police Chief Constable Ian Hopkins said officials were investigating whether the attacker acted alone or worked together with others.

Forensic officers investigate the scene near the Manchester Arena, Manchester, England, May 23, 2017, the day after the suicide attack at an Ariana Grande concert that left 22 people dead as it ended on Monday night. Forensic officers investigate the scene near the Manchester Arena, Manchester, England, May 23, 2017, the day after the suicide attack at an Ariana Grande concert that left 22 people dead as it ended on Monday night.

On Tuesday, police carried out raids in different parts of Manchester, including the building where the suspect lived. A 23-year-old man was arrested in connection with the attack. Police had no immediate comment on his suspected involvement.

An eight-year-old girl was among those killed. An emergency medical official told the Associated Press that 12 children under the age of 16 were among the injured.

Witnesses said the explosion sent bolts and other pieces of metal into the air. They said this showed the device was built to hurt and kill many.

British Prime Minister Theresa May called the attack an act of 'sickening cowardice' meant to target 'defenseless children and young people.'

Women wait to take part in a vigil for the victims of an attack on concert goers at Manchester Arena, in central Manchester, Britain, May 23, 2017. Women wait to take part in a vigil for the victims of an attack on concert goers at Manchester Arena, in central Manchester, Britain, May 23, 2017.

May went to Manchester and visited police headquarters and a children's hospital. She and Jeremy Corbyn, the leader of Britain’s Labour Party, agreed to suspend campaigning for the June 8 elections.

Thousands of people gathered in the city Tuesday to remember the victims. They observed a minute of silence.

Grande, who was not injured in the blast, spoke about the attack on Twitter. “broken. from the bottom of my heart, i am so so sorry. i don't have words,” she tweeted.

Manchester Arena officials canceled planned shows by the pop group Take That. It was supposed to perform at the arena from Thursday through Saturday.

I’m Bryan Lynn.

Bryan Lynn adapted this story for VOA Learning English, based on reports from VOA News, the Associated Press and Reuters. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

Words in This Story

concert – n. a music show or performance

scrambling v. moving or acting quickly

improvised – adj. made from whatever materials are available

bolt n. small piece of metal used for putting together pieces of wood or metal

cowardicen. behavior showing someone is not brave

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/1779/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/1779/VOA Special EnglishWed, 24 May 2017 02:07:00 UTC
<![CDATA[International High School Students on American Campus]]>Phil Dierking如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/3342/

Universities and colleges in the United States are trying new programs for international students to increase enrollment and income.

Some universities are experimenting with bringing international high school students to their campuses. These programs permit students to complete their high school diploma while earning college credit at the same time.

University campus, high school and college credit

One example of this model is at the University of Southern Maine, or USM. The program is called the “International Academy”. The school is expecting its first class of international high school students this fall.

Joanna Evans is the director for the academy. The program is officially a “boarding school on a university campus” that serves 11th and 12th grade international high school students only.

The students will take classes at the University of Southern Maine to complete their high school diploma. However, because the classes are university-level, the students will receive college credit at the same time.

According to Evans, the students they recruit will have to be very strong. Their course schedule will be the same as taking only advanced-placement courses. The goal is that, by the time they complete their high school diploma at the academy, they will be ready to start college as a third-year college student.

Students at the University of Southern Maine Students at the University of Southern Maine

Their English language skills also must be strong. The Academy looks for students with a minimum Test of English as a Foreign Language, or TOEFL score of 79, or a 6.5 on the International English Testing System, or IELTS. However, there are classes available to provide additional English language training when the students arrive if they need it.

All incoming students at the academy are required to take a college writing class their first semester. If English is not their first language, they will take a class taught by instructors with a background in teaching students who speak English as a foreign language.

Although they are only high school students, the expectations are the same as for college students. Evans says that faculty are not asked to change how they teach.

“Students need to be ready to take university classes, and that is the deal” Evans said.

Reaching enrollment goals

When the University of Southern Maine first decided to create the academy, the goal was to increase the enrollment at the university. Enrollment was down at USM. Evans noted that “any institution that offers a broad range of programming has to maintain enrollment to maintain programming.”

The university also wanted to increase school revenue. For state institutions in the U.S., in-state students pay much less than out-of-state or international students.

Schools across the U.S. have found that increasing their number of international students brings in more money. International students simply pay more to enroll.

However, there are many academic benefits for students as well, Evans says.

“What’s really important, in terms of offering a high-quality education, is helping students have the opportunity to work with people who come from different backgrounds,” Evans said. “Learning to work effectively with people who are different from themselves is a world skill, a life skill, and a 21st century skill.”

By increasing the diversity in lower-level university classes, Evans explains, the American students get experience with international students, and vice-versa.

University of Southern Maine University of Southern Maine

There are other schools in the U.S. with programs similar to the one at USM. Many community colleges in the state of Washington are now marketing their high school completion programs to international students.

As with USM, these programs allow students to take courses at community college campuses to complete their high school degree and earn college credit at the same time.

These high school completion programs have existed for American students for many years. However, community colleges have increased their marketing to international students only in recent years.

International academies in the U.S.

Another new trend is the presence of international academies. These schools are now setting up campuses in the U.S., but not necessarily for American students.

One such school is the Keio Academy in Purchase, New York. It was created in 1990 by the Keio Gijuku (Keio Private School System) of Japan. Keio Gijuku also operates Keio University, Japan’s first private institution, as well as one of its most respected.

Keio Academy is chartered by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology. But it is also accredited by the New York State Association of Independent Schools in the United States.

Eileen Gallagher is an English teacher at Keio Academy. She said the school was primarily created to meet the needs of Japanese students living overseas. This means it is still considered to be part of the Japanese school system although it is in the U.S. Americans are allowed to attend, but they would need a qualifying level of Japanese language first.

International applications down

However, the debate over immigration in the United States can have an effect on foreign students wanting to visit the country.

International student applications are down by 40 percent across USM, Evans said. “All that adds up to a very challenging year for enrolling students…It’s affected enrollment in institutions across the country.”

I’m Jill Robbins. And I'm Phil Dierking

Phil Dierking wrote this story for VOA Learning English. Mario Ritter was the editor.

Do universities in your country have programs like these? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

Words in This Story

advanced-placement - n. the placement of a student in a high school course that offers college credit if successfully completed.​

boarding school - n. a school where students reside during the semester.​

chartered - adj. allowed to work in a certain job because you have passed a test or qualified in some other way​

diploma - n. a document which shows that a person has finished a course of study or has graduated from a school​

enrollment - n. to be entered as a member of or participant in something

maintain - v. to cause something to exist or continue without changing​

revenue - n. money that is made by or paid to a business or an organization​

trend - n. a way of behaving, proceeding, etc., that is developing and becoming more common​

vice-versa - adv. with the main items in the preceding statement the other way around.​

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/3342/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/24/3342/VOA Special EnglishWed, 24 May 2017 02:05:00 UTC
<![CDATA[Tesla Launches Sales of ‘Invisible' Solar Roof]]>UNSV.COM英语学习频道如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/23/2643/

American technology company Tesla has launched sales of its new solar roof.

The roof is made of glass tiles that can collect energy from the sun. The tiles were designed to make the roof look similar to those on traditional homes.

Some of the tiles have solar cells inside that take energy from the sun and turn it into electricity. All the tiles look the same and the solar cells are invisible from the street.

Tesla founder Elon Musk says his goal was to create a solar roof that looks better, costs less and lasts longer than non-solar roofs.

The tiles are three times stronger than non-solar tiles, and weigh half as much, according to Tesla. The company is guaranteeing the tiles for the whole lifetime of a home.

The company estimates the cost of installing a solar roof on a 240-square-meter home would be about $69,000. Some industry experts have noted this estimate is much higher than for a roof made from traditional materials.

But Tesla says a solar roof will actually cost less over time because it can reduce or get rid of electricity payments. The government also reduces taxes for some people using solar technology.

Tesla sells batteries to store the solar energy that powers homes. The battery is called a Powerwall, which is included in the price of the roof installation. The Powerwall stores energy that can be used at any time of day or night, the company says.

Tesla's Powerwall battery is unveiled on stage in Hawthorne, Calif., on April 30, 2015. Tesla's Powerwall battery is unveiled on stage in Hawthorne, Calif., on April 30, 2015.

Tesla also makes electric automobiles that can be charged with solar power. Elon Musk says both products can be used to help conserve the planet’s energy supply.

“When you think of a sustainable energy future, you want roofs to be beautiful and generate energy from the sun,” he said. “That energy can then charge Powerwalls and electric vehicles - that’s the future we want.”

Tesla is currently selling the roof tiles in two different styles and is expected to add more options in the future. (Tesla) Tesla is currently selling the roof tiles in two different styles and is expected to add more options in the future. (Tesla)

People interested in buying a solar roof can go online and estimate the cost by entering information about their home. A $1,000 deposit is required to place an order. Two designs are currently available and more will be added in the future.

Roof installations are set to begin in the United States next month and will start in other countries next year.

Musk said he is not sure how many people will order the solar roof tiles and admitted there could be some difficulties along the way. But he added that Tesla is committed to the project, which he described as “the only sensible vision for the future.”

I’m Bryan Lynn.

Bryan Lynn wrote this story for VOA Learning English. His report was based on information from Tesla, the Associated Press and Reuters. Hai Do was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Would you spend money to install solar panels on your roof or buy an electric car? Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

Words in This Story

solar adj. of or related to the sun

tile n. flat piece of material for covering a roof

cell n. small container used to hold materials for producing electricity

invisibleadj. impossible to see, not visible

install v. put a piece of equipment in a particular place

conservev. use carefully to prevent loss or waste

sustainable adj. able to be used without becoming completely used up or destroyed

generatev. produce

sensibleadj. showing good sense or judgment

vision n. clear idea about what should happen in the future

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/23/2643/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/23/2643/VOA Special EnglishTue, 23 May 2017 00:19:00 UTC
<![CDATA[‘One-in-a-Billion' Dinosaur Discovery]]>UNSV.COM英语学习频道如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/22/3591/

About 110 million years ago, a large plant-eating dinosaur covered with sharp points walked the land. Called a nodosaur, it is now the best example of its kind ever found.

This new species of dinosaur is being called a one-in-a-billion discovery.

The 'One-in-a-Billion' preserved dinosaur on display at the Royal Tyrrell Museum in Drumheller, Alberta, Canada. (Credit: Royal Tyrrell Museum) The 'One-in-a-Billion' preserved dinosaur on display at the Royal Tyrrell Museum in Drumheller, Alberta, Canada. (Credit: Royal Tyrrell Museum)

Recently it was put on display at Canada’s Royal Tyrrell Museum in Drummheller, Alberta.

The museum worked with the U.S. National Geographic Society to research the nodosaur. The National Geographic magazine June issue featured the dinosaur.

National Geographic Magazine, June, 2017, which features pictures of the preserved nodosaur from the Royal Tyrrell Museum in Alberta, Canada. National Geographic Magazine, June, 2017, which features pictures of the preserved nodosaur from the Royal Tyrrell Museum in Alberta, Canada.

This is “an incredibly unique specimen,” says Caleb Brown, the museum’s lead researcher on the nodosaur. He says it is so well preserved, with skin and armor, and it is three-dimensional — that means it was not flattened after it died.

“It’s the closest thing that you’ll ever get to looking at a living dinosaur. If you are really lucky you'll have small bits of skin preserved and you really have to use your imagination to figure out what they would have looked like in life. In this case you don’t need a lot of imagination, what you see in front of you is what the animal looked like while it was alive.'

Researcher Mark Mitchell spent five and a half years, about 7,000 hours, carefully uncovering the nodosaur from the rock around it.

Looking at its head, one can see where the eye once was. Brown says the animal looks like it has some personality.

The nodosaur before going on exhibit, its head and eye in front, and one of its large spikes on the left. (Credit: Royal Tyrrell Museum, Canada) The nodosaur before going on exhibit, its head and eye in front, and one of its large spikes on the left. (Credit: Royal Tyrrell Museum, Canada)

”When you are looking at it, it looks like it is looking back at you. And that’s because of how well preserved it is. Even though the eye is not preserved anymore.'

But it has been a long time since this animal was alive. It lived in the Cretaceous period, when dinosaurs ruled the world. At that time, the cold place where it was found in Canada was more like Florida today-- warm and humid and probably close to water.

Scientists think it was swept out to sea and was buried in one piece in the soft muddy bottom. It was covered in sediment that later turned into stone.

Over time it was covered by more layers and lay undisturbed until March 21, 2011. That was when Shawn Funk was working at a mine in Fort McMurray, Alberta. His machine hit something much harder, and colored differently, than the rock around it. There were black, brown and orange pieces.

Funk had found the fossilized remains of the nodosaur—a creature that was 5 and a half meters long and weighed almost 1,400 kilograms.The orange pieces were part of the bony armor that protected the animal from attack.

Researchers were only able to recover part of the creature, from the nose to the hips.

Royal Tyrrell Museum's Mark Mitchell slowly frees the nodosaur’s foot and footpad from the surrounding rock. (Credit: Robert Clark / National Geographic) Royal Tyrrell Museum's Mark Mitchell slowly frees the nodosaur’s foot and footpad from the surrounding rock. (Credit: Robert Clark / National Geographic)

What they do know

So, what do scientists know about the nodosaur?

“This was not an intelligent animal, it would be kind of a slow lumbering beast. Heavily armored and probably had slow reaction times.'

The nodosaur, Brown says, was covered in armor to protect it from attackers. It had two half-a-meter long spikes, or sharp pieces, coming out from its shoulders. It was wide and had short legs, which made it low to the ground.

“So you have to kind of imagine a spiny four-legged tank and that’s basically what this animal was. It would walk around on the landscape. It was an herbivore, so it would have been eating plants. It didn’t do a lot of chewing, the teeth weren’t overly efficient.”

That means the creature processed much of its food in its stomach, just like cows do today.

Inside the nodosaur’s stomach there were different colored small sized balls. Researchers think these are what the animal was eating when it died. They will study their chemical and light properties to find out what they are.

What they do not know

They do not know if it was male or female. They think it was an adult, but they do not know how old it was when it died. If it made a sound, they do not know what it would have been.

While chemical studies were done on the nodasaur, the results have not been made public yet. Brown says that will happen soon, when their study is published.

Meanwhile people have been reacting to the pictures. Brown says some have been emotional; they cannot believe they are finally seeing this very real dinosaur.

I’m Anne Ball.

Anne Ball wrote this story for Learning English. Hai Do was the editor. We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section and visit us on our Facebook page.

Quiz - One-in-a-Billion Dinosaur Discovery

Quiz - One-in-a-Billion Dinosaur Discovery

​----------------

Words in This Story

unique – adj. used to say that something or someone is unlike anything or anyone else

specimen – n. something (such as an animal or plant) collected as an example of a particular kind of thing

armor – n. a hard covering that protects something (such as a vehicle or an animal)

figure out – phrasal v. to understand or find (something, such as a reason or a solution) by thinking

personality – n. the set of emotional qualities, ways of behaving, etc., that makes a person different from other people

sediment – n. material that sinks to the bottom of a liquid

lumbering – v. to move in a slow or awkward way

spiny – adj. having or covered with many sharp, pointed parts

herbivore – n. an animal that only eats plants

efficient – adj. capable of producing desired results without wasting materials, time, or energy

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/22/3591/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/22/3591/VOA Special EnglishMon, 22 May 2017 11:15:00 UTC
<![CDATA[Mixed Reaction to US-China Trade Deal]]>UNSV.COM英语学习频道如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/22/2036/

Business leaders are reacting to a new trade deal between the United States and China.

The deal includes initial agreements on agricultural trade, financial services, investment and energy.

Some observers say the agreements do little to help the United States, and fail to deal with issues concerning the Chinese market. But others say the trade deal is evidence of progress.

The deal is part of the 100-day plan announced after a meeting between the Chinese and U.S. presidents last month. The plan opens up Chinese markets, mostly for finance industries and industries based on commodities, such as mining and agriculture.

Robert Atkinson is president of the Information Technology and Innovation Foundation. He said the trade deal fails to identify issues facing advanced industries that are important to America’s economic future.

In a statement, Atkinson said the deal gives China the ability “to use its massive foreign reserves to buy up American companies in advanced industries.” He urged the administration of President Donald Trump to stop thinking mainly about the U.S. trade deficit with China.

Atkinson wants U.S. officials instead to consider two-way trade and demand real changes in Chinese policies toward American knowledge- and technology-based industries.

The deal means nothing

Derek Scissors is with the American Enterprise Institute, a public policy research group in Washington. He said the trade deal means almost nothing since China has promised to reduce restrictions on American businesses before.

Scissors does not think that the U.S. trade deficit with China will be reduced this year. He urged the Trump administration to pressure China to reduce the amount of money it gives to state-owned companies. He noted if that happens, foreign businesses will be able to capture a larger share of the Chinese market.

Scissors also wants the administration to work on reducing Chinese involvement in the theft of intellectual property. He said the United States should threaten action against China as a way to cut down on the illegal copying of American products.

Small steps forward...

Christopher Balding is a professor with the Peking University HSBC Business School. He said the deal between China and the United States is not a major agreement. But he thinks it is a step forward for the Trump administration.

Balding told VOA that China has used what others have called a “delay-and-diversion” policy and has waited for years to do what it promises to do. He said some of the promises were made when China became a member of the World Trade Organization in 2000.

Balding said the United States does not have the ability to force China to open its market. But he said China appears to react to the messages written by Trump on the social networking website Twitter. He said those Tweets may give the U.S. some untraditional influence in pushing China.

C.Y. Huang is a partner at the financial services company FCC Partners. He said it is important for American companies to demand full access to the Chinese market. But he warned that the Americans are being beaten by their fast-growing Chinese competitors.

“China is no longer afraid of opening up its market and competition from the United States,” Huang told VOA.

Deal might reduce U.S. trade deficit with China

US beef is expected to reach Chinese markets under the agreement. US beef is expected to reach Chinese markets under the agreement.

The Trump administration says the trade deal is a major one. U.S. Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross said China will open its market to American beef exports by the middle of July. At the same time, the United States will begin to permit imports of cooked poultry from China.

China will also let American-owned companies working in the country provide credit rating and electronic payment services. China’s UnionPay already controls much of the electronic payment services in the country.

Ross said the trade deal will help to reduce the U.S. trade deficit with China -- which reached $347 billion last year.

“This is more than has been done in the whole history of U.S.-China relations on trade,” Ross told reporters at the White House. He said the deal will go a long way to reducing the trade deficit.

I’m Mario Ritter.

Joyce Huang wrote this story for VOANews.com. Christopher Jones-Cruise adapted her report for Learning English. George Grow was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section, or visit our Facebook page.

Words in This Story

initial –adj. taking place at the beginning

advanced –adj. having or using new and modern methods

reserves –n. money kept for a special or future use

diversion –n. something that takes attention away from what is happening

access –n. a way to get near or into something

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/22/2036/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/22/2036/VOA Special EnglishSun, 21 May 2017 17:37:00 UTC
<![CDATA[WORDS AND THEIR STORIES - Circle Your Wagons]]>UNSV.COM英语学习频道如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/21/4040/

Now, Words and Their Stories from VOA Learning English.

On this program, we explore words and expressions that Americans use in everyday conversations.

Often, some of the most common expressions were first used many years ago, when life in the United States was very different than it is now.

Today, let’s consider the term circle the wagons. A great way to show your loyalty to a group of people is to protect them. One way to do that is to circle the wagons.

“Circle the wagons” or “circle your wagons” means that members of a team or group must work together to protect themselves from some outside danger. Generally, they prepare for a possible attack.

Some language experts say this expression comes from the time when many Americans were moving away from the East Coast to what is now the western United States.

During the 1800s, many settlers traveled west from the East Coast in covered, horse-drawn wagons. At night, or when threatened during the day, the wagons would stop moving. The drivers then would line up all the carriages in a circle. This was a way of protecting the settlers from attack. They would keep their cattle and other animals within the circle.

Although “circle the wagons” was first used in the 19th century, don’t let it stop you from using it today.

You can circle your wagons any time you feel you need to protect the interests of your group: from a sporting events to a political campaign to a project at work.

Circling your wagons means you are in a defensive position.

Now, if circling your wagons is a way of protecting your group, then a circular firing squad is just the opposite.

A firing squad is one way to carry out an execution. In the military, soldiers form a straight line as they prepare to fire at the prisoner. If the soldiers are in a circle, they would shoot each other. So, a “circular firing squad” is a group that comes together to fight a common enemy or opponent. But in the end, disputes among the group’s own members do more damage than the enemy.

Americans often use this expression when talking about politics. A political party is rarely able to get all of its members to agree on every issue. And when they disagree on big issues, they can sometimes fight amongst themselves.

Some other terms for a circular firing squad are “self-destructive internal conflicts” and “mutual recriminations.”

“Mutual” describes something that two or more groups or people share or have in common. For example, mutual respect is when people respect each other.

A “recrimination” is an angry statement in which you accuse or criticize a person who has accused or criticized you. Children on the playground often use recriminations.

“You’re stupid!”

“No, I’m not! YOU’RE stupid!”

“Am not!”

“Are, too!”

Now, let’s hear these expressions being used in a short conversation.

Well, the meeting at work today was … interesting.

That’s one way to describe it. I call it … brutal. As soon as the chief said “budget cuts,” people started circling their wagons.

That’s understandable. If there is going to be less money, she might cancel some projects. So, everyone wants to protect their people and their projects.

That’s true. But we have to remember that we’re all working for the same business. Our bigger goal as a company is the same.

You’re right. We don’t want to turn into a circular firing squad. Internal disputes are an easy way to destroy the company.

Yes. And that is exactly what our competition wants.

And that’s it for Words and Their Stories.

Hopefully, in work and in life, you circle your wagon more often than get involved in a circular firing squad.

I’m Jonathan Evans …

I’m Anna Matteo.

In your language do you have creative ways either show your loyalty to a group or destroy it from within? Let us know in the Comments Section.

Anna Matteo wrote this story for VOA Learning English. George Grow was the editor. Song at the end is “Come The Reckoning.”

Words in This Story

wagon – n. a usually four-wheeled vehicle for transporting bulky commodities and drawn originally by animals

squad – n. a small organized group of military personnel

internal – adj. of, relating to, or occurring on the inside of an organized structure (such as a club, company, or state) internal affairs

mutual – adj. shared between two or more people or groups

recrimination – n. an angry statement in which you accuse or criticize a person who has accused or criticized you

conversation – n. an informal talk involving two people or a small group of people : the act of talking in an informal way

brutal – adj. very direct and accurate in a way that is harsh or unpleasant

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/21/4040/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/21/4040/VOA Special EnglishSat, 20 May 2017 17:42:00 UTC
<![CDATA[Why Some International Students Are Bypassing American Colleges]]>Bruce Alpert and Dorry Gundy如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/21/0738/

American University graduate student Kwame Gayle said he was angry when someone hung bananas from nooses on campus. It occurred the same day a black woman became student government president.

Gayle, from Jamaica, recently graduated with a master’s degree in international education. He said, “I found the entire incident disturbing, but also that some of the conversations we had involved explaining to people why it was so wrong.”

There are many reasons why American University officials called the incident racist. The nooses were once used to hang black people.

Gayle said he doesn’t know whether the banana incident and other hate incidents at other colleges will cause foreign students to reconsider attending college in the United States.

“I think there’s long been a realization that as a person of color, you may run into situations or issues connected to race,” he said.

Research in February by higher education groups found that 38 percent of the 250 colleges questioned reported a drop in international student applications.

Just last year, the number of international students at American colleges topped one million for the first time ever, according to the Institute of International Education.

Margaret Everett is Vice Provost for Internationalization and Dean of Graduate Studies at Portland State University. The school has seen a big drop -- about 23 percent – of graduate applicants from India.

Everett said a change in India’s currency makes American colleges more expensive. The other reasons for the decrease are concerns about immigration policies and fears of violence.

The concerns about violence followed the February shooting in Kansas of two engineers from India, she said. One of the men died. The man accused of the shooting told the engineers that they did not belong in the United States, witnesses told police.

“As a parent myself, I would imagine having all sorts of concerns about even adult children and whether they will be safe and treated well thousands of miles from home,” Everett said.

Incidents at other colleges

American is not the only college to report recent incidents of hateful behavior. At the University of Maryland, someone hung posters in March that said “America is a white nation” and that many immigrants should be sent home.

Also in March, someone dropped two copies of the Quran, the Muslim holy book, inside a toilet at the University of Texas at Dallas.

Bilal Ayub is president of Alpha Lambda Mu at the University of Texas at Dallas. It is one of seven mostly Muslim fraternities at American college campuses. He called the Quran incident very troubling. But he said it is not representative of his college, where one out of four students are from outside the U.S.

“There have been cases, again isolated, but I think we feel safe and feel like we have a place at the University of Texas, Dallas that always has been supportive of diversity,” said Ayub. He is nearing degrees next year in business.

Bilal Ayub Bilal Ayub

Colleges trying to be more welcoming

Some colleges open up centers to help international students with their study. Some even serve food from their native countries. About 100 colleges posted videos with the same message for international students, “You are Welcome here.”

Losing international students could be very costly to American colleges. Most international students pay full tuition, which is often double what state residents pay to attend a state university.

He studied in US and now his children are doing the same

Ivan Baquerizo is a real estate developer and engineer from Ecuador in South America. He attended Tufts University in Massachusetts in the late 1980s as an international student.

Now, he has one daughter studying architecture at Pratt Institute in New York. One son is about to study engineering at Lafayette College in Pennsylvania and another is applying to American colleges.

Ivan Baquerizo with sons Ivan Jr. and Rafael. Ivan Baquerizo with sons Ivan Jr. and Rafael.

“As a parent, of course I worry,” Baquerizo said of reports of new immigration policies and hostility toward international students. But he believes attending a good American college “is the best life experience someone can have.”

I'm Bruce Alpert and I'm Dorry Gundy.

Bruce Alpert reported on this story for VOA Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section and share your views on our Facebook Page.

Words in This Story

banana - n. a long curved fruit with a thick peel that is yellow when it is ripe

noose - n. a large loop at the end of a rope that gets smaller when you pull the rope and that is used to hang people

disturbing - adj. deeply troubling

conversation - n. a discussion

application - n. a formal and usually written request for something such as admission to a school

bar - n. a business where alcoholic drinks are sold

toilet - n. a large bowl attached to a pipe that is used for getting rid of bodily waste and then flushed with water

fraternity - n. an organization of male students at a U.S. college

architecture - n. the art or science of designing and creating buildings

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/21/0738/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/21/0738/VOA Special EnglishSat, 20 May 2017 17:41:00 UTC
<![CDATA[Asian Lawmakers Agree to Fight Climate Change]]>UNSV.COM英语学习频道如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/21/8136/

Lawmakers from Asia-Pacific countries said their area is important to combating climate change during a recent international meeting in Vietnam.

Asia-Pacific members of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, or IPU, met for three days in Ho Chi Minh City to debate issues related to climate change. Their meeting ended Saturday.

The lawmakers shared their concerns about increasing worldwide temperatures and discussed ideas to combat it [climate change].

“Climate change has no passport,” IPU Secretary-General Martin Chungong said. “It’s cross-national.”

The group says cities are most responsible for climate change

The United Nations Development Program says people living in cities have a bigger impact on the environment than those who do not.

For example, Ho Chi Minh City, the site of the meeting, is home to about 10 million people. The city’s Communist Party Chief, Nguyen Thien Nhan, said the city creates waste and uses water at a rate equal to 17 times the average in Vietnam.

The U.N. Development Program adds that about one billion people live in urban settings in Asia. That is more than the rest of the world combined. And it is one of the reasons that Asian lawmakers consider Asia to be important to fighting climate change.

Planting trees for change

During the IPU meeting, Nguyen Thien Nhan took the parliamentarians on a trip to the Mekong River Delta to plant mangrove trees. They also saw the effects of coastal erosion on the Delta.

Vietnam says the Mekong Delta is one of the three major river deltas most threatened by climate change.

Thai officials told VOA they plan to plant mangrove trees after they return from the Vietnam trip.

Chaiyth Promsookt said, “The most imminent threat to Thailand in terms of climate change is first, of course, deforestation and the reduction of green [areas] in Thailand.” He leads the Thai National Assembly’s committee on natural resources and environment.

Promsookt said the Thai government set a goal of keeping levels of forest cover to at least 40 percent over the next 20 years. Planting the mangroves will aid this goal and guard the coasts from erosion, he said.

Another action might be to persuade ethnic minorities to farm cherries and apples instead of taking part in illegal logging.

He said this would create, in his words, “a fair distribution of both income and development outcomes.”

“His majesty the late king believed that this would be more inclusive in terms of development, in terms of joining the people, especially the underprivileged people in the rural areas,” he said.

Those ideas are similar to suggestions of Anna Schreyoegg. She is a climate change policy and mitigation adviser at GIZ Vietnam, a German-based development agency.

Schreyoegg recommended that environmental policy should include both scientific evidence and the ideas of native groups and women.

Deforestation is also a concern for many Asian nations.

Laos has been losing trees to logging. Sanya Praseuth, the vice chair of the Laos National Assembly’s economic, technology and environment committee, says this has caused temperatures to rise.

“Our country [is] getting hotter comparing with the previous” years, he told VOA.

He added that weather has become harder to predict.

Laos is trying to solve the problem by suspending logging permits.

However, some of the lawmakers said that environmental problems cannot be solved by developing countries alone.

Indonesian parliamentarian Siti Hediati Soeharto said that rich economies have a greater responsibility to reduce the production of gasses blamed for climate change.

She added that rich nations should provide aid for climate change efforts in developing nations.

“Indonesia is of the view that developed countries should continue taking the lead,” she said.

I’m Phil Dierking.

­­­­­­­­­­­­This story was originally written by Lien Hoang for VOA News. Phil Dierking adapted it for VOA Learning English. Mario Ritter was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

Words in This Story

deforestation - n. the act or result of cutting down or burning all the trees in an area​

erosion - n. the gradual destruction of something by natural forces such as water, wind, or ice)

indigenous - adj. produced, living, or existing naturally in a particular region or environment​

imminent - adj. happening very soon​

mitigation - n. to make (something) less severe, harmful, or painful​

parliamentarian - n. a member of a parliament, especially one well versed in parliamentary procedure and experienced in debate.​

reservoir - n. a usually artificial lake that is used to store a large supply of water for use in people's homes, in businesses, etc.​

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/21/8136/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/21/8136/VOA Special EnglishSat, 20 May 2017 17:41:00 UTC
<![CDATA[How Much Independence Will Special Counsel Have?]]>Bruce Alpert如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/20/1747/

Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein gave his reason for naming a special counsel to investigate Russian interference in the 2016 election: trust.

Rosenstein said it is important Americans “have full confidence” in the “outcome” of the Russia investigation.

For that to happen, Rosenstein said, he needed to name a person “who exercises a degree of independence from the normal chain of command.”

That person is Robert Mueller, a former federal prosecutor and FBI director. His selection Wednesday was praised by both Democrats and Republicans.

Rosenstein’s order says Mueller can investigate Russia’s efforts to interfere with the presidential election, possible connections between Russia and Trump campaign officials and any other matters that “arise directly from the investigation.”

Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein arrives Thursday for a closed-door meeting with Senators after appointing a special counsel. Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein arrives Thursday for a closed-door meeting with Senators after appointing a special counsel.

Mueller will have more independence than the 94 U.S. attorneys who normally oversee criminal investigations.

But he won’t have complete independence.

Mueller, unlike other federal prosecutors, will not be subject to day-to-day supervision by the attorney general and other Justice Department officials. But the deputy attorney general can overrule his “prosecutorial or investigative decisions.”

Rosenstein, the deputy attorney general, is overseeing the Russian investigation because Attorney General Jeff Sessions removed himself. Sessions withdrew because he worked on the Trump campaign and met with Russian officials.

Mueller’s appointment came after some unexpected developments in the Russia investigation.

Last week, President Donald Trump dismissed FBI Director James Comey, who was overseeing the FBI’s collection of evidence.

The dismissal was followed by reports claiming that Trump had asked Comey to drop an investigation of his former national security adviser, Michael Flynn. Another report said Trump had asked Comey if he would be “loyal” to him.

The White House denied both claims but some Democrats say Trump should be investigated for obstruction of justice.

John Barrett is a law professor at St. John’s University in New York. Barrett had earlier worked for a special federal prosecutor. He said obstruction of justice is a complex law.

Among other things, it makes it a crime to obstruct, influence or impede any official proceeding for corrupt reasons.

Barrett said Trump’s actions should be investigated. It will depend on whether Comey and others saw Trump’s comments as threats, Barrett said.

Other important investigations in U.S. history

Special counsels have only been named twice. The last time was in 2003 when prosecutor Patrick Fitzgerald investigated who leaked the identity of a CIA officer, Valerie Plame.

Former CIA operative Valerie Plame testifies before Congress in 2007. Former CIA operative Valerie Plame testifies before Congress in 2007.

“Watergate” is the best known case involving a special prosecutor. Archibald Cox was appointed to investigate whether President Richard Nixon had obstructed justice. The case centered on whether Nixon covered up his administration’s involvement in the 1973 break-in at Democratic headquarters in the Watergate building.

Nixon resigned from office in 1974 -- as Congress was ready to begin proceedings to remove him from office.

Another well-known case was the investigation of President Bill Clinton by Kenneth Starr. It started out as an investigation into a real estate deal known as Whitewater. But it led to Starr reporting that Clinton had covered up an affair with a White House intern.

Former President Bill Clinton giving a speech in 2004. Former President Bill Clinton giving a speech in 2004.

Special prosecutors had more independence than a special counsel, the job Mueller now has. But the law establishing the prosecutor position ended in 1999.

The Mueller investigation probably will not be finished quickly. The Washington Post reported that, on average, previous investigations by special counsels or prosecutors took a little over three years.

Ari Fleischer, the press secretary during the George W. Bush administration, tweeted Thursday that Mueller will not take any more time than needed.

“Starr was 48 when named special prosecutor,” he tweeted. “Fitzgerald was 43 when named special counsel. Mueller is 72. He won't want this to take years.”

I'm Bruce Alpert.

And I'm Anne Ball.

Bruce Alpert reported on this story for VOA Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section.

Words in This Story

confidence - n. a feeling or belief that something will be done or that you will succeed

chain of command - n. the order in which people have authority over decisions in an organization

prosecutor - n. a lawyer who represents the side in a court case that accuses a person of a crime and who tries to prove that the person is guilty

obstruction - n. to stop something you oppose from happening

impede - v. stops or makes more difficult

leak - v. to give secret or unknown information to someone such as a newspaper reporter so it becomes known to the public

arise - v. develops

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/20/1747/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/20/1747/VOA Special EnglishFri, 19 May 2017 17:44:00 UTC
<![CDATA[Basquiat Painting Sells for $110.5 Million]]>UNSV.COM英语学习频道如果想下载文章的MP3声音、PDF文稿、LRC同步字幕以及中文翻译等配套英语学习资料,请访问以下链接:
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/20/6118/

In 1980, American graffiti artist Jean-Michel Basquiat was selling his drawings for $50 each. This week, his painting “Untitled” sold in New York for $110.5 million.

Only 10 works of art have sold at auction for more than $100 million.

Basquiat’s painting sets a new record for price of a work by an American artist. An Andy Warhol painting called “Silver Car Crash” was sold in 2013 for $105 million.

The painting “Untitled” is of a skull-like head against a blue background. It last sold more than 30 years ago for $19,000.

Japanese billionaire Yosaku Maezawa bought 'Untitled' at Sotheby’s auction house on Thursday night.

Basquiat was a street artist who became famous in the early 1980s. He died of a drug overdose in 1987 at the age of 27.

He was known for using bright colors, words and mixed materials in his work. His art captured the imagination of many artists, gallery owners and musicians in New York City.

Fans and supporters included Andy Warhol, David Bowie and gallery owner Larry Gagosian. At one time, Basquiat's girlfriend was music star Madonna.

Maezawa is a big fan of Basquiat. He bought another Basquiat painting for more than $57 million last year.

Maezawa said he will loan the painting to museums around the world before displaying it in his hometown of Chiba, Japan.

'I hope it brings as much joy to others as it does to me, and that this masterpiece by the 21-year-old Basquiat inspires our future generations,' Maezawa said.

Gregoire Billaut is the auction company’s head of modern art. He said he has never seen so much emotion in a painting.

“He’s bringing something never seen before,” Billaut said.

I’m Caty Weaver.

Dan Friedell wrote this story for Learning English based on reports by VOANews.com and the Associated Press. Hai Do was the editor.

What do you think of Basquiat’s paintings? We want to know. Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

Words in This Story

auction – n. a public sale at which things are sold to the people who offer to pay the most

masterpiece – n. ​a great book, painting, piece of music, movie, etc.

]]>
http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/20/6118/http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2017/05/20/6118/VOA Special EnglishFri, 19 May 2017 17:43:00 UTC