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AMERICAN STORIES - The Birthmark

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The Birthmark by Nathaniel Hawthorne
The Birthmark by Nathaniel Hawthorne

Our story today is called "The Birthmark." It was written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. Here is Barbara Klein with the story.

A long time ago, there lived a skillful scientist who had experienced a spiritual reaction more striking than any chemical one.

He had left his laboratory in the care of his assistant, washed the chemicals from his hands and asked a beautiful woman to become his wife. In those days new scientific discoveries such as electricity seemed to open paths into the area of miracles. It was not unusual for the love of science to compete with the love of a woman.

The scientist's name was Aylmer. He had so totally given himself to scientific studies that he could not be weakened by a second love. His love for his young wife could only be the stronger of the two if it could link itself with his love of science.

Such a union did take place with truly remarkable results. But one day, very soon after their marriage, Aylmer looked at his wife with a troubled expression.

"Georgiana," he said, "have you ever considered that the mark upon your cheek might be removed"?

"No," she said smiling. But seeing the seriousness of his question, she said, "The mark has so often been called a charm that I was simple enough to imagine it might be so."

"On another face it might," answered her husband, "but not on yours. No dear, Nature made you so perfectly that this small defect shocks me as being a sign of earthly imperfection."

"Shocks you!" cried Georgiana, deeply hurt. Her face reddened and she burst into tears. "Then why did you marry me? You cannot love what shocks you!"

We must explain that in the center of Georgiana's left cheek there was a mark, deep in her skin. The mark was usually a deep red color. When Georgiana blushed, the mark became less visible. But when she turned pale, there was the mark, like a red stain upon snow. The birthmark would come and go with the emotions in her heart.

The mark was shaped like a very small human hand. Georgiana's past lovers used to say that the hand of a magical fairy had touched her face when she was born. Many a gentleman would have risked his life for the honor of kissing that mysterious hand.

But other people had different opinions. Some women said the red hand quite destroyed the effect of Georgiana's beauty.

Male observers who did not praise the mark simply wished it away so that they did not see it. After his marriage, Aylmer discovered that this was the case with himself.

Had Georgiana been less beautiful, he might have felt his love increased by the prettiness of that little hand. But because she was otherwise so perfect, he found the mark had become unbearable.

Aylmer saw the mark as a sign of his wife's eventual sadness, sickness and death. Soon, the birthmark caused him more pain than Georgiana's beauty had ever given him pleasure.

During a period that should have been their happiest, Aylmer could only think of this disastrous subject. With the morning light, Aylmer opened his eyes upon his wife's face and recognized the sign of imperfection. When they sat together in the evening near the fire, he would look at the mark.

Georgiana soon began to fear his look. His expression would make her face go pale. And the birthmark would stand out like a red jewel on white stone.

"Do you remember, dear Aylmer, about the dream you had last night about this hateful mark?" she asked with a weak smile.

"None! None whatever!" answered Aylmer, surprised.

The mind is in a sad state when sleep cannot control its ghosts and allows them to break free with their secrets. Aylmer now remembered his dream. He had imagined himself with his assistant Aminadab trying to remove the birthmark with an operation. But the deeper his knife went, the deeper the small hand sank until it had caught hold of Georgiana's heart.

Aylmer felt guilty remembering the dream.

"Aylmer," said Georgiana, "I do not know what the cost would be to both of us to remove this birthmark. Removing it could deform my face or damage my health."

"Dearest Georgiana, I have spent much thought on the subject," said Aylmer. "I am sure it can be removed."

"Then let the attempt be made at any risk," said Georgiana. "Life is not worth living while this hateful mark makes me the object of your horror. You have deep science and have made great discoveries. Remove this little mark for the sake of your peace and my own."

"Dearest wife," cried Aylmer. "Do not doubt my power. I am ready to make this cheek as perfect as its pair."

Her husband gently kissed her right cheek, the one without the red hand.

The next day the couple went to Aylmer's laboratory where he had made all his famous discoveries. Georgiana would live in a beautiful room he had prepared nearby, while he worked tirelessly in his lab. One by one, Aylmer tried a series of powerful experiments on his wife. But the mark remained.

Georgiana waited in her room. She read through his notebooks of scientific observations. She could not help see that many of his experiments had ended in failure. She decided to see for herself the scientist at work.

The first thing that struck Georgiana when entering the laboratory was the hot furnace. From the amount of soot above it, it seemed to have been burning for ages. She saw machines, tubes, cylinders and other containers for chemical experiments. What most drew her attention was Aylmer himself. He was nervous and pale as death as he worked on preparing a liquid.

Georgiana realized that her husband had been hiding his tension and fear.

"Think not so little of me that you cannot be honest about the risks we are taking," she said. "I will drink whatever you make for me, even if it is a poison."

"My dear, nothing shall be hidden," Aylmer said. "I have already given you chemicals powerful enough to change your entire physical system. Only one thing remains to be tried and if that fails, we are ruined!"

He led her back to her room where she waited once more, alone with her thoughts. She hoped that for just one moment she could satisfy her husband's highest ideals. But she realized then that his mind would forever be on the march, always requiring something newer, better and more perfect.

Hours later, Aylmer returned carrying a crystal glass with a colorless liquid.

"The chemical process went perfectly," he said. "Unless all my science has tricked me, it cannot fail."

To test the liquid, he placed a drop in the soil of a dying flower growing in a pot in the room. In a few moments, the plant became healthy and green once more.

"I do not need proof," Georgiana said quietly. "Give me the glass. I am happy to put my life in your hands." She drank the liquid and immediately fell asleep.

Aylmer sat next to his wife, observing her and taking notes. He noted everything -- her breathing, the movement of an eyelid. He stared at the birthmark. And slowly, with every breath that came and went, it lost some of its brightness.

"By Heaven! It is nearly gone," said Aylmer. "Success! Success!"

He opened the window coverings to see her face in daylight. She was so pale. Georgiana opened her eyes and looked into the mirror her husband held. She tried to smile as she saw the barely visible mark.

"My poor Aylmer," she said gently. "You have aimed so high. With so high and pure a feeling, you have rejected the best the Earth could offer. I am dying, dearest."

It was true. The hand on her face had been her link to life. As the last trace of color disappeared from her cheek, she gave her last breath.

Blinded by a meaningless imperfection and an impossible goal, Aylmer had thrown away her life and with it his chance for happiness. In trying to improve his lovely wife, he had failed to realize she had been perfect all along.

"The Birthmark" was written by Nathaniel Hawthorne. It was adapted and produced by Dana Demange. Your storyteller was Barbara Klein.

----------------

Words in This Story

chemical - adj. of or relating to chemistry

chemicals – n. elements found in nature or made by people; substances used in the science of chemistry

imperfection - n. a small flaw or bad part

visible - adj. able to be seen

birthmark - n. an unusual mark that is present on the skin from the time when someone is born

Now it's your turn. Do you know of anyone who tries to make other people 'perfect?' Write to us in the comments section.

网友的学习评论(15条):
作者:xiaofenfen
After reading this passage, I have a lot to say. Is the perfect always the best? Do we need to pursue the one hundred precent perfect?• In my opinion, the answer is no. If we pursue the perfect things as the man in this passage, we will do something harmful to both ourselves and others.• Blinded by a meaningless imperfection and an impossible goal, Aylmer had thrown away his wife’s life.So I want to tell all the people, we needn’t to pursue the one hundred precent perfect------160700319
作者:xiaofenfen
From what has been revealed in this fiction,I see a man who is seeking perfection and masters the regulations of nature in smug,otherwise,a beautiful woman who love her husband blindly.For my part,they did love each other .Nevertheless,the love between them is screwy and irrational.Hence the tragedy of their love has be destined primarily.——160200427
作者:xiaofenfen
Furthermore,I get the point from this fiction that if aspiring after perfection inordinately and always focus on the imperfection,you will lose happiness in life.Even worse,the beauty and perfection things would leave you away,which is just like the hero lose his lovely wife forever ,throw away her life and with his chance for happiness ultimately——160200427
作者:xiaofenfen
When I read this passage,there are two questions arousing my reflection.One is what is beauty,the other is how should we use science.In my opinion,real beauty is the balance of appearance and kindness.In this passage,Georgiana is totally a perfect woman.She isn't excessive pursuiting of beauty,but sacrificing herself for her husband's dream.----160700222
作者:xiaofenfen
As for Aylmer,I know he loves his wife deeply.However,maybe genius is madman,he don't realize that people can't change nature arbitrarily.As a student of science and engineering,I must consider the influence of new technique if I could invent it.Besides I will always be reverenceing for nature.----160700222
作者:xiaofenfen
It’s a tragedy, but there are some truths. First, there's no perfect thing in the world. So we should treat look things dialectically. Do not pay too much attention on the flaws of things. Secondly, since we choose to love him, then we should love him all, finding the goodliness from his imperfections.Thirdly, human beings are supposed to do things according to the law of nature. Betraying the laws of nature just to pursue the “perfection”, we will not see the happy ending.----160200504
作者:xiaofenfen
It’s a tragedy, but there are some truths. First, there's no perfect thing in the world. So we should treat things dialectically. Do not pay too much attention on the flaws of things. Secondly, since we choose to love him, then we should love him all, and find the goodliness from his imperfections.Thirdly, human beings are supposed to do things according to the law of nature. Betraying the law of nature just to pursue the “perfection”, we will not see the happy ending.----160200504
作者:xiaofenfen
By reading this article, I deeply understand the truth that no one is perfect.And we should not only pay attention to people's trivial defects, but also should pay attention to their advantages and bright spots.May be compared with the advantages, their shortcomings are worthless.Besides,if you want to love a person,you should take her/him all. We should appreciate the merits of others, tolerance of other people's shortcomings.Only in this way can we find the beauty of life.----160700206
作者:xiaofenfen
The story is about a red.Aylmer who is a scientist wants to use his knowledge to remove the mark on her wife's face.As aresult,his wife died of his medicine .I think he is stupid.Risk his wife's life to do something meaningless.If I like girl ,I wouldn't care the mark at all.-----160700208
作者:xiaofenfen
The story is about a red mark.Aylmer is a scientist who wants to use his knowledge to remove the mark on her wife's face.As a result,his wife died of his medicine .I think he is stupid.he risks his wife's life to do something meaningless.If I like a girl ,I wouldn't care the mark at all.-----160700208
作者:xiaofenfen
After reading this story,I was shocked by the beautiful wife and deeply criticized the stupied huaband.I had another two opinions about the story.One is thst perfact not meant the best.Pursued to be perfect could be undersstanded.But if it was excessive,it would be harmfui to both others and yourself.----160700227
作者:xiaofenfen
The other is if we choosed to love others,we muet to give her more understangding,tolerance together with freedom.If she had something didn't wang to say,or something didn't want you to do,maybe it implied some secret not fine if talk to you,or something you couldn't understand or even think she is designed to talk you about that----160700227
作者:xiaofenfen
.But if one day you met that,while you were also loved and believed her,please you meant that.Though she might cheat you,but love meant self-giving.The more understand between you,the well-being you would be.----160700227
作者:xiaofenfen
After reading this story, I have some feelings, is there a perfect person in the world? The answer is no, it is because of a variety of defects, which make everybody has their own charm, this a real person. Just like the rose thorn, that is its characteristic, which is its unique charm. There is no perfect man .----160120508
作者:xiaofenfen
Even in Greek Mythology,the God also have their own shortcomings, but it is precisely because of these shortcomings to make them be more real, perhaps the real perfect person should not exist in this world----160120508
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