官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
网红英语口语课程——OMG美语,2011-2016完整课程视频打包下载发布!1170课,12.3G
手机微信学英语
打开手机微信,扫描以下二维码,即可通过我们的微信小程序学英语。
英语全能特训(微信小程序)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
淘宝网店购买咨询
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Meet CIMON, a ‘Floating' Space Assistant for Astronauts

阅读次数:

VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章正文
同步字幕

Among today’s hottest selling personal technology devices are “smart” digital assistants for the home.

Google Home, Amazon Echo and Apple HomePod are all artificial intelligence (AI)-powered systems that respond to voice commands. The systems connect to the internet to look up information, play music or movies, or control household devices.

Now, researchers have developed the first AI assistant for use in space. European aerospace company Airbus cooperated with U.S.-based IBM on the system. It will be deployed to the International Space Station (ISS) during a mission in June.

Airbus says it is the first time an AI system will be used aboard the ISS.

CIMON project manager Till Eisenberg (left) and Josef Sommer, CIMON GNC Team Leader at Airbus, are testing CIMON with images of Astronaut Alexander Gerst. (Airbus)
CIMON project manager Till Eisenberg (left) and Josef Sommer, CIMON GNC Team Leader at Airbus, are testing CIMON with images of Astronaut Alexander Gerst. (Airbus)

The assistant is called CIMON, which stands for Crew Interactive Mobile Companion. It is a round device weighing about five kilograms. It is designed to move around by itself and follow the movements of humans. It has a computer-like display in front for showing many kinds of information.

An official from Airbus describes it as “a kind of flying brain” designed to support astronauts in their daily work. The digital “brain” is powered by IBM’s AI processing system called Watson.

Just like digital assistants for the home, CIMON uses AI to learn and predict human behaviors from repeated interactions over time. The system is trained to recognize voices and faces so it can respond directly with people.

In this June 2013 photo, European Space Agency astronaut Alexander Gerst poses for an official portrait in an Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) spacesuit. (NASA)
In this June 2013 photo, European Space Agency astronaut Alexander Gerst poses for an official portrait in an Extravehicular Mobility Unit (EMU) spacesuit. (NASA)

CIMON will be tested by German astronaut Alexander Gerst during the European Space Agency’s upcoming Horizons mission aboard the ISS from June to October. Gerst will command the space station during the second half of the mission.

Flight tests will be carried out before the mission to make sure CIMON operates correctly in conditions of weightlessness.

Gerst will perform three specific experiments with CIMON. One will examine the effects of space on crystals. He will also team up with CIMON to solve a Rubik’s cube. A third medical experiment will use CIMON as a “smart” flying camera.

The researchers say these experiments are just a start. They hope to use CIMON to interact and assist astronauts on many future missions. They especially see the system as an important safety tool that can provide early warnings signs of technical problems in space that may not be seen by ground controllers.

One of CIMON's exercises on the International Space Station (ISS) will involve a Rubik's Cube. (Airbus)
One of CIMON's exercises on the International Space Station (ISS) will involve a Rubik's Cube. (Airbus)

Till Eisenberg is one of Airbus’ lead researchers on the project. He says in addition to providing the crew with important information and instructions, the system will closely observe astronaut behavior.

“We want to study the psychological effects of long space missions on crew members and try out suitable countermeasures, especially those that reduce stress,” Eisenberg said.

Mobile 4G network on the moon

In another space-tech development, it was recently announced that the Moon will be getting its own mobile 4G phone network. The new network - a project between Vodafone Germany and Nokia – will be in place sometime next year, the companies say.

The question many people are asking is: Why is such a network even needed on the moon? The answer: 2019 is the year the first privately-financed mission to the moon is set to launch.

The Mission to the Moon project is being led by Germany’s PTScientists. The group has promised to launch a moon lander and two small rovers aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket next year.

Vodafone officials say the special “space-grade” mobile network will only require a small piece of equipment weighing less than one kilogram.

The company says the network should allow two moon vehicles - designed by German automaker Audi - to communicate and send scientific data and HD video back to earth.

The Audi Lunar quattro is a cutting-edge lunar rover designed by PTScientists in conjunction with a technical team at Audi.(PTScientists)
The Audi Lunar quattro is a cutting-edge lunar rover designed by PTScientists in conjunction with a technical team at Audi.(PTScientists)

The head of Germany’s PTScientists, Robert Boehme, said the private moon project marks an important first step for new exploration of the solar system in years to come.

“In order for humanity to leave the cradle of Earth, we need to develop infrastructures beyond our home planet. With Mission to the moon, we will establish and test the first elements of a dedicated communications network on the moon.”

Next year’s planned mission comes exactly 50 years after the first American astronauts landed their Apollo 11 spacecraft and became the first humans to walk on the moon.

I’m Bryan Lynn.

Bryan Lynn wrote this story for VOA Learning English. Hai Do was the editor.

We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments section, and visit our Facebook page.

​----------------

Words in This Story

digital adj. using or related to computer technology

artificial intelligence n. the ability of a machine to reproduce human behavior

display n. electronic device (such as a computer monitor) that shows information

suitable adj. acceptable or right for something

countermeasure n. an action intended to stop or prevent something dangerous or bad

stress n. feelings of worry caused by difficult situations

network n. system of computers or devices that are connected to each other

rover n. vehicle used for exploring the surface of a planet

infrastructure n. the bridges, roads, and buildings required for an activity

dedicated adj. designed to be used for a particular purpose

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2018 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 中国互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
广播台