官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
van allen站长就要结婚了!终身vip会员特惠活动进行中 >>>
手机微信学英语
打开手机微信,扫描以下二维码,即可通过我们的微信小程序学英语。
英语全能特训(微信小程序)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
淘宝网店购买咨询
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月
终身VIP会员
一次购买,终身使用。
¥1990元/终身

US Court Rejects Effort to Stop Climate Lawsuit

阅读次数:

站长婚礼祝福VIP会员优惠活动正在进行中,点此立即优惠购买!
VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章正文
同步字幕

A federal appeals court has rejected an effort by the United States government to halt a case against President Donald Trump and his administration.

A group of 21 young people brought the case against the federal government. They accuse the Trump administration of violating their constitutional rights by ignoring the harm caused by climate change.

The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco ruled against the administration on March 7. The court said the government had failed to provide enough evidence under federal law to dismiss the case.

The lawsuit started three years ago in the northwestern state of Oregon. At that time, the case was directed against the administration of President Barack Obama.

This is one of several cases seeking to have courts deal with climate change and its causes.

Young people’s right to a livable climate

The young people, now aged 10 to 21, accuse federal officials and oil industry leaders of knowing for years about the effects of carbon dioxide emissions on the climate.

Carbon dioxide is a gas produced naturally in the environment. It is made when people and other living things breathe. Carbon dioxide also is produced from the burning of fossil fuels, such as oil and coal. The case says the government and oil industry knew that the burning was harmful to Earth’s climate, but refused to do anything about it.

The young people said the lack of action has deprived them of their rights to life, freedom and property, including the right to live in a habitable climate. They want the government to write a recovery plan to reduce carbon emissions to 350 parts per million by the year 2100. That would be 400 parts per million lower than current levels.

Many of the plaintiffs are from Oregon, but some come from other states. They say they are affected by the effects of slowly rising temperatures in the atmosphere. They have given examples, such as warmer winters, flooding, and damage to fisheries.

The Obama administration first tried to have the case dismissed. It claimed that the courts were not prepared to “oversee a phenomenon that spans the globe,” court papers said.

In November 2016, a U.S. district judge in Eugene, Oregon refused to dismiss the lawsuit. District Judge Ann Aiken said a quick dismissal without looking at the facts could support the accusation of the government’s “knowing decision to poison the air.”

The Trump administration also tried to have the case dismissed. It urged the court of appeals to halt the case before it continued to trial.

The government said letting the case proceed would lead to a burdensome process of searching for documents and questioning people. It also said the case would create a “constitutional crisis” by putting courts against Trump and the many other administration officials named as defendants.

But in the decision on March 7, Chief Judge Sidney Thomas said the dismissal request was too early. He added that deciding whether the accusers’ claims were too general could be discussed through the normal legal process.

Bringing climate change to court

Julia Olson, who represented the plaintiffs, is executive director of Our Children’s Trust. The trust provides legal help for efforts to improve the climate. Olsen told the Reuters news agency that her group welcomed the decision.

“It’s very exciting,” she said. “It will be the first time that climate science and the federal government’s role in creating its dangers will go on trial in a U.S. court.”

The decision means the case will probably return to the lower court in Oregon where District Judge Aiken will decide what happens next.

Olsen said she will be seeking official statements from several representatives of top federal agencies, as well as climate change scientists.

I’m Phil Dierking.

Jonathan Stempel reported this story for the Reuters News Agency. Phil Dierking adapted his report for VOA Learning English. The article includes information from other media. George Grow was the editor.

Do you think that governments should be sued for ignoring climate change? We want to hear from you. Write to us in the Comments Section or on our Facebook page.

Words in This Story

burden - n. someone or something that is very difficult to accept, do, or deal with​

fossil fuels - n. a fuel (such as coal, oil, or natural gas) that is formed in the earth from dead plants or animals​

litigation - n. tan issue that is decided and settled in a court of law​

meritorious - adj. deserving honor or praise​

phenomenon - n. someone or something that is very impressive or popular especially because of an unusual ability or quality​

plaintiff - n. a person who sues another person or accuses another person of a crime in a court of law​

remedy - n. a medicine or treatment that relieves pain or cures a usually minor illness​

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台