官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
网红英语口语课程——OMG美语,2011-2016完整课程视频打包下载发布!1170课,12.3G
手机微信学英语
打开手机微信,扫描以下二维码,即可通过我们的微信小程序学英语。
英语全能特训(微信小程序)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
淘宝网店购买咨询
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

WORDS AND THEIR STORIES - Let's Talk About 'Meat-and-Potatoes'

阅读次数:

免费会员开放下载 MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音  .txt格式文本
下载提示:鼠标右键点击下载链接,然后选择“目标另存为”。
文章原文
同步字幕

Now, the VOA Learning English program Words and Their Stories.

Food expressions are popular with language learners. They combine two things important to every culture: food and language.

Today we are going to talk about spuds, a nickname for potatoes!

First of all, potatoes have been around for a very long time. In the food magazine Bon Appetit, Sam Dean writes about the beginnings of the potato. He explains that the common white potato came from Peru at least 7,000 years ago. Potatoes fed the Incan empire and other cultures in Peru at that time.

The Pacco family eats dinner after harvesting potatoes in Paru Paru, in the Cusco region of Peru, May 26, 2016.
The Pacco family eats dinner after harvesting potatoes in Paru Paru, in the Cusco region of Peru, May 26, 2016.

​These days, most countries use a type of potato in their cooking.

Whether you like them boiled, baked, mashed or fried – potatoes are what we call a staple. This means they are a basic food that you can build on. You can cover them in gravy, butter, salt and pepper or sour cream and herbs.

And for people who eat pork, you have not lived until you have eaten a baked potato topped with melted cheese and crispy bacon. Mm-mm. Yum!

Speaking of meat on top of potatoes, let's go back to the idea of potatoes being a simple, basic food.

We have a potato expression to describe a person like that: simple, basic, common. If someone is a meat-and-potatoes kind of person, they prefer eating simple meals such as – well, meat and potatoes. They are not interested in complex, fancy food. They are unpretentious.

Men are often described by this expression. When I hear about a meat-and-potatoes man, I picture a big, beefy guy. He likes to wear blue jeans and a simple t-shirt. He probably drives a truck and can fix it himself. He is a simple, no-nonsense kind of guy.

A cowboy could be considered a 'meat-and-potatoes' man.
A cowboy could be considered a 'meat-and-potatoes' man.

I like my steak well done, my taters (potatoes) fried

Football games on Monday night

It's just who I am

A meat and potato man

It is a little less common, but we can also describe a woman as a meat-and-potatoes kind of person. This type of woman not only likes to eat steak and hamburgers, she is also a down-to-earth person. She likes simple things, can take care of herself and is comfortable just hanging out with the guys.

Besides describing people, there is another way we use meat-and-potatoes. It can also describe the most important part of an activity or event.

For example, you might say that order is the meat-and-potatoes of teaching children. The teacher cannot teach and the children cannot learn in a loud, wild, messy classroom. Now, order may not be the most exciting part of teaching little ones, but it is arguably the most important -- or, the meat-and-potatoes.

In another example, you could say that voter outreach is the meat-and-potatoes of any political campaign. If people don't come out to vote for your candidate or issue, the rest of your campaign strategy really does not matter.

Okay, as you know, potatoes hold heat well, meaning they stay hot for a long time. This idea led to the "hot potato" party game.

Here's how you play. Players form a circle and toss a small object quickly to each other while music plays. You want to release the object as fast as possible, as if it was a hot potato. When the music stops, the player holding the potato must leave the game.

However, "hot potato" is more than a game. It can also mean a divisive or difficult issue. So, you could say the lawmakers discussed a few hot potato issues at the meeting.

And if an issue is too controversial, it might be a good idea to "drop it like a hot potato." When you drop something or someone like a hot potato, you leave the person or thing completely and quickly.

Take my friend Olga, for example. She was dating this guy for a few months and she really liked him. But when she saw him acting unkind to a little puppy, she dropped him like a hot potato! You see, Olga loves animals, especially dogs.

Hot potatoes might be important issues but "small potatoes" are just the opposite. They are unimportant matters. We often use the term small potatoes when we dismiss something. It is simply not worth our time.

Again, my friend Olga can help explain. After a storm damaged her hometown, she decided to collect money for homeless animals. She had little time to do so. There were so many cats and dogs without any food or shelter.

To help, I suggested selling lemonade to raise some money.

"Small potatoes!" she cried. "We need to go for big business donors. They have real money to spend!"

People can also be called "small potatoes." It is a way of saying they are not a threat. If police in a big city do not have enough resources, they probably won't waste manpower on small potatoes, like bicycle thieves. They have bigger fish to fry.

But please note. We may say "small potatoes" for trivial, unimportant matters.

But, we do not say "big potatoes" for important ones. English is funny that way!

And that's Words and Their Stories.

I'm Bryan Lynn.

And I'm Anna Matteo.

Anna Matteo wrote this story for VOA Learning English. Caty Weaver was the editor. Earlier in the program, Alan Jackson sings "Meat and Potato Man." The song at the end of the program is the theme song to the children's show 'Small Potatoes.'

Words in This Story

spuds n. an informal name for potato

nickname n. a usually descriptive name given instead of or in addition to the one belonging to a person, place, or thing

empiren. a group of territories or peoples under one ruler

staple n. the chief part of something : "Potatoes are the staple of their diet."

unpretentious adj. not having or showing the unpleasant quality of people who want to be regarded as more impressive, successful, or important than they really are

beefy adj. heavily and powerfully built

down-to-earth adj. practical and sensible

controversial adj. relating to or causing much discussion, disagreement, or argument

have bigger fish to fry phrase have other (or more important) matters to attend to

trivial adj. of little worth or importance

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2018 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台