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翻译研讨---2010/01/04发展报道——昏睡症的新疗法

楼主:maggie zhang 日期: 回贴:3 浏览:

DEVELOPMENT REPORT - New Treatment for Sleeping Sickness

发展报道——昏睡症的新疗法

http://www.unsv.com/voanews/specialenglish/scripts/2010/01/04/0041/

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This is the VOA Special English Development Report.

这里是 VOA 慢速英语的发展报道。

The World Health Organization is using a new combination of drugs to treat human African trypanosomiasis disease, also known as sleeping sickness. The drugs nifurtimox an eflornithine will be given out in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

世界卫生组织正在使用新的混合药物治疗非洲 锥虫病,也就是众所周知的昏睡病。药品 硝呋莫司和依氟鸟氨酸将在乌干达和刚果民主共和国发放。

Officials from the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative say the new treatment has fewer side effects. It is also more effective and less costly than the drugs traditionally used. In addition, the new treatment reduces the number of injections needed. And it shortens the amount of time patients must spend in the hospital.

冷门疾病主动权的药品官员说新的疗法副作用很少。同时新疗法比传统使用的药物更加有效且价格低廉。另外,新疗法减少了需要注射的次数。同时缩短病人在医院所需要时间的总和。

Sleeping sickness threatens millions of people in thirty-six countries in Africa. Most live in poor rural areas. The disease is caused by the trypanosoma parasite. It is spread to humans through the bite of infected tsetse flies.

昏睡病威胁非洲 36 个国家上百万人。大部分人居住在穷困地区。些病是由 硝呋莫司寄生虫引起的。通过被感染的采采蝇的叮咬传染给人类。

Common signs of sleeping sickness include fever, headaches, extreme tiredness and pain in the muscles and joints. Early identification of the disease may be difficult because many infected people do not show any immediate symptoms.

昏睡病的基本症状包括发烧、头痛、非常劳累关节肌肉疼痛。昏睡病的早期确认可能很困难,因为很多感染人群并没有马上出现症状。

Over time, the parasites invade the central nervous system. The disease causes sleep disorders, mental confusion, personality changes, speech problems, seizures and coma. If left untreated, sleeping sickness kills.

随着时间的流逝,寄生虫入侵中枢神经系统。病症造成睡眠无规律,精神混乱、性格改变、说话困难、癫痫、混迷。如果不治疗,因昏睡病而亡。

The World Health Organization estimates that about sixty thousand people are currently infected with the disease. It develops in two different forms. Trypanosoma gambiense is responsible for ninety percent of the reported cases of sleeping sickness. People infected with this form may develop the disease over many years without any major symptoms. The disease develops more quickly over a few weeks or months in people infected with trypanosoma rhodesiense.

世界卫生组织估计目前差不多有 6000 人感染些种疾病。该病发展为两种不同的症状。 90% 已报道的昏睡病病例感染了 Trypanosoma gambiense 。感染此病状的病人早些年无任何主要症状。感染 trypanosoma rhodesiense. 的病人会在几周或几个月内迅速病发。

Until now the drug melarsoprol was used to treat patients in the advanced stage (晚期) of sleeping sickness.

至到目前,药品 美拉胂醇习惯用于治疗昏睡病晚期阶段的病人。

But the drug requires many painful injections several times a day for several weeks. It also causes bad side effects, some of which can be deadly.

但是药物要求连续几周每天数次,很多次的痛苦注射。注射同时造成严重的副作用,其中一些人可能身亡。

In Uganda, a new study has confirmed earlier research linking the spread of sleeping sickness to infected farm animals. The writers of the study have called for stronger rules requiring cattle to be treated before being sold at market. The study was published in the Public Library of Science.

在乌干达,一项新的研究确认早期与昏睡病扩散的研究感染了家禽。该项研究的作者已经呼吁出台更有效的条例,要求家禽在市场上出售前已经过治疗。

And that's the VOA Special English Development Report, written by June Simms. I'm Steve Ember.

这就是 VOA 慢速英语的发展报道,本文由J une Simms 撰写。我是 Steve Ember.

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最佳回复 该帖于2010年1月4日被版主推荐为精华帖。

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1楼 作者:华山布衣 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

DEVELOPMENT REPORT - New Treatment for Sleeping Sickness
发展报告 - 昏睡病的新疗法
This is the VOA Special English Development Report.
这里是美国之音特别英语发展报告

The World Health Organization is using a new combination of drugs to treat human African trypanosomiasis disease, also known as sleeping sickness. The drugs nifurtimox and eflornithine will be given out in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.
世界卫生组织正在使用新的组合药物来治疗非洲的人类锥虫病,也称为昏睡病。这些硝呋莫司和依氟氨酸药物将会向乌干达和刚果民主共和国分发。
Officials from the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative say the new treatment has fewer side effects. It is also more effective and less costly than the drugs traditionally used. In addition, the new treatment reduces the number of injections needed. And it shortens the amount of time patients must spend in the hospital.
被忽视疾病药物组的主导官员说,新疗法的副作用较少,这也是比传统使用的昂贵药物更有效的疗法。此外,新疗法减少了所需的注射次数,而且缩短了患者必须在医院度过的时间。
Sleeping sickness threatens millions of people in thirty-six countries in Africa. Most live in poor rural areas. The disease is caused by the trypanosoma parasite. It is spread to humans through the bite of infected tsetse flies.
昏睡病威胁着36个非洲国家大多数生活在贫困农村地区的数百万人。这种疾病由于锥体寄生虫引发,它是通过被感染的采采蝇叮咬传染给人类的。
Common signs of sleeping sickness include fever, headaches, extreme tiredness and pain in the muscles and joints. Early identification of the disease may be difficult because many infected people do not show any immediate symptoms.
昏睡病常见的症状包括发烧,头痛,极度疲倦以及肌肉和关节疼痛。该疾病的早期识别可能有困难,因为许多受感染的人并没有显示任何直接的症状。
Over time, the parasites invade the central nervous system. The disease causes sleep disorders, mental confusion, personality changes, speech problems, seizures and coma. If left untreated, sleeping sickness kills.
随着时间的推移,寄生虫侵入中枢神经系统。这种疾病会导致睡眠障碍,精神错乱,人格改变,说话困难,癫痫发作和昏迷。如不及时治疗,会死于昏睡病。
The World Health Organization estimates that about sixty thousand people are currently infected with the disease. It develops in two different forms. Trypanosoma gambiense is responsible for ninety percent of the reported cases of sleeping sickness. People infected with this form may develop the disease over many years without any major symptoms. The disease develops more quickly over a few weeks or months in people infected with trypanosoma rhodesiense.
据世界卫生组织估计,约有6万人已感染此病。它显露了两种不同的形式。昏睡病病案报告的90%起因于冈比亚锥虫。由此感染的人,可以没有重要症状,经过多年才致病。而由罗得西亚锥虫感染的人,病情发展更快,几个星期或数月致病。
Until now the drug melarsoprol was used to treat patients in the advanced stage of sleeping sickness.
到目前为止,习惯于用美拉胂醇药物来治疗昏睡病的晚期患者。
But the drug requires many painful injections several times a day for several weeks. It also causes bad side effects, some of which can be deadly.
但该药物要求患者经历几个星期一天几次注射的许多痛苦。它也引发严重的副作用,其中一些可以是致命的。
In Uganda, a new study has confirmed earlier research linking the spread of sleeping sickness to infected farm animals. The writers of the study have called for stronger rules requiring cattle to be treated before being sold at market. The study was published in the Public Library of Science.
在乌干达,一项新的研究证实了以前的受感染家畜关联于昏睡病传播的研究。这项研究的作家,呼吁以强有力的条例规定市场上的家畜在出售之前,必须经过诊治。
And that's the VOA Special English Development Report, written by June Simms. I'm Steve Ember
这是美国之音特别英语的发展报告,由琼.西蒙斯撰写。我是史蒂夫.恩贝尔。

2楼 作者:华山布衣 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

The study was published in the Public Library of Science.

该项研究成果已由公立科学图书馆发行。

3楼 作者:maggie zhang 创建: <编辑>  <引用>

昨天申请了VOA 的翻译,发现自己翻译的问题不少,有些词语的使用上非常不专业。现将有问题的句子,重新修改如下,做大家参考。

新改版后,这里的人气没以前那么旺了,翻译的人少了,也没多少人回复。希望我的“一把火”,能使这个学习的论坛在新的一年里能旺起来,大家共同进步。

1.In addition, the new treatment reduces the number of injections needed. And it shortens the amount of time patients must spend in the hospital.此外新疗法可以减少注射量要求,缩短病人必需住院的时间

2.But the drug requires many painful injections several times a day for several weeks. It also causes bad side effects, some of which can be deadly.                  不过,这种药物要求每天(对病人)进行多次痛苦的注射,一直持续数周。它也会产生不良副作用,有些可能会致死。

3.In Uganda, a new study has confirmed earlier research linking the spread of sleeping sickness to infected farm animals. The writers of the study have called for stronger rules requiring cattle to be treated before being sold at market. The study was published in the Public Library of Science.

一份新发表的研究报告证实了早期研究提出的昏睡症与被感染的农畜有关的结论。该报告的作者呼吁出台更有力的法规,要求牲畜在市场上贩卖之前要进行(防疫)处理。该项报告发表在《公共科学图书馆》。

4.sleep disorder 失眠

5. common signs 常见症状

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