官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)

创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Why do we feel awkward?

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章原文
同步字幕

Introduction

We all know the feeling. That horrible uncomfortable silence where we freeze up, or look away or just want to turn invisible. Awkwardness can strike anyone in the wrong circumstances. But why does it happen? How is it connected to rules and what does it have to do with society? Neil and Dan find out and teach you related vocabulary.

This week's question

Which city has the oldest underground railway? Is it:

a) London b) New York or c) Tokyo

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

awkward (adjective), awkwardness (noun)

feeling uncomfortable, self-conscious or embarrassed in a social situation

implicit

not spoken or written down, but still understood

social rules

the way we behave in society in particular situations so that we can live together peacefully

to govern

to rule, to control

to illuminate

to make something easier to understand, to clarify

to breach (a rule)

to break (a rule)

Transcript

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Neil

Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.

Dan

And I'm Dan.

Neil

Now then, Dan, do you ever feel awkward?

Dan

Awkward?

Neil

Yes, feeling uncomfortable, embarrassed or self-conscious in a social situation where something isn't quite right.

Dan

Sometimes. I remember always feeling very awkward watching TV with my parents if there was an explicit love scene. You know, people canoodling.

Neil

Oh yes, me too! And that feeling of awkwardness is what we are looking at in today's 6 Minute English, and how it is all connected to social rules.

Dan

Social rules are the unspoken rules which we follow in everyday life - the way we interact with other people and particularly with strangers.

Neil

Yes. For example, if you're waiting at a bus stop, it's OK to talk about the weather to a stranger.

Dan

But it would be very awkward if you broke that social rule by asking them about, oh I don't know, how much money they earned.

Neil

Oh yes, that would be wrong, wouldn't it? And we'll find out about another awkward situation on the underground railway later in the programme. Before that though, a quiz. Which city has the oldest underground railway? Is it:

a) London

b) New York or

c) Tokyo

Dan

Aha! Well, I'm pretty confident about this! I think it's London.

Neil

Well, I'll have the answer later in the programme. Dr Raj Persuad is a psychologist. He was a guest on the BBC radio programme Seriously. He was talking about social rules. How does he say they affect our lives?

Dr Raj Persaud

How do we understand what the implicit social rules are that govern our behaviour? They're so implicit. They're so almost invisible - yet we all obey them - i.e. they're massively powerful that the only way to get at them, because you couldn't use an MRI brain scanner or a microscope... What's the tool you would use to illuminate the social rules that actually govern our lives?

Neil

How do they affect our lives?

Dan

He says that they govern our behaviour, they govern our lives - this means that they 'control' our lives. They 'rule' our lives.

Neil

What's interesting is that he says these social rules are implicit. They are not written down anywhere. They are unspoken but understood.

Dan

If they are unspoken and not written down, how can scientists and sociologists study them? How can they find out about them? They need a way to illuminate the rules. This means a way of shining a metaphorical light on them to see what they are.

Neil

Here's Dr Persaud again.

Dr Raj Persaud

How do we understand what the implicit social rules are that govern our behaviour? They're so implicit. They're so almost invisible - yet we all obey them i.e. they're massively powerful that the only way to get at them, because you couldn't use an MRI brain scanner or a microscope... What's the tool you would use to illuminate the social rules that actually govern our lives?

Neil

One way to find out about a rule is to break it. Another word for 'break' when we're talking about rules is breach and breaching experiments were used to learn about social rules. Here's Dr Persaud describing one of those experiments.

Dr Raj Persaud

You breached the social rule on purpose. So a classic one - people would go into the Metro, the underground railway - Tube - and there'd be only one person sitting in a carriage. You would go and sit next to that person. And if that led to awkwardness or discomfort, where the person got off the tube stop immediately, you had discovered a social rule.

Neil

So, what was the experiment?

Dan

Well, quite simply, find a nearly empty train carriage and then go and sit right next to someone rather than a distance away. If that person then feels uncomfortable or awkward, and that's something you can tell by watching their behaviour - for example, do they change seat, move carriage or get off the train completely? If they do, then you know you've discovered a rule.

Neil

So you find a rule by breaking it or breaching it. OK, time to review our vocabulary, but first, let's have the answer to the quiz question. I asked which city has the oldest underground railway. Is it:

a) London

b) New York and

c) Tokyo

Dan, you were pretty confident.

Dan

I was! I said London, but now I'm having second thoughts. I think it might be New York.

Neil

Oh... That's a little bit awkward, isn't it? Well, it is London, so I don't know if you're right or wrong! I feel a bit uncomfortable now. The facts are that London opened in 1863. New York was 1904 and Tokyo, 1927. Well done, and extra bonus points if you knew any of those dates. Now it's time for our vocabulary. I hope it doesn't make you feel awkward, but you can you start, Dan?

Dan

Of course! And the adjective awkward, and its noun awkwardness, are on our list for today. They mean 'an uncomfortable feeling in a social situation'.

Neil

This is all connected with the idea of social rules - unspoken, but well known rules which we follow in daily life to avoid awkward situations.

Dan

The rules, as Neil said, are not spoken and they are not written down but we know them and understand them. They are implicit.

Neil

And these implicit rules govern our lives. The verb govern means to 'control and rule'.

Dan

To see something clearly, either in reality or metaphorically, you need to put some light on it. You need illuminate it. And that was the next of our words, the verb illuminate.

Neil

And finally we had a word which means, when we're talking about rules, the same as break, to breach.

Dan

In experiments they breached the rules to learn more about them.

Neil

Well, we don't want to breach any rules so it's time for us to leave you for today. But don't worry we will be back. In the meantime, you can find us in all the usual places online and on social media, just look for BBC Learning English. Bye for now.

Dan

Bye-bye!

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台