官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)

创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Can death metal bring you joy?

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章原文
同步字幕

Introduction

Death metal music is a kind of heavy metal which explores the themes of death and destruction. But does it inspire its fans to appreciate violence? According to a new study, it does not. The death metal band Bloodbath might sing about cannibalism, but its fans do not go and eat their neighbours. Neil and Rob talk about this kind of music and teach you some vocabulary.

This week's question

The electric guitar is an essential element to death metal music. In which decade were the first electric guitars produced? Was it:

a) the 1920s

b) the 1930s

c) the 1940s

Vocabulary

genre

a style of something such as music or films

lyrics

the words of a song

desensitised (to something)

feeling that something extreme is normal

joy/joyful

happiness noun/adjective

cannibalism

the eating of human flesh by another human

aesthetic

an artistic appreciation of something, a feeling that something is beautiful from an artistic point of view

Transcript

Note: This is not a word for word transcript

Neil

Hello, and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.

Rob

And I'm Rob.

Neil

Rob, do you like metal?

Rob

Er, that's an odd question. I've never really thought about it. I mean, I use metal things every day - my toaster, my bike, the underground...

Neil

No, no - not that kind of metal, this kind of metal.

[Death metal music]

Rob

Oh, that kind of metal. The musical genre, the type of music...

Neil

Yes, and in particular, death metal.

Rob

That fast, loud, aggressive sounding, guitar-based music style?

Neil

Yep, that's the one.

Rob

Nope. Not my cup of tea at all. What kind of person do you think I am?

Neil

Well, that's the point. The type of person who likes death metal may not be the kind of person you think they are. More on that shortly, but first, a quiz. The electric guitar is an essential element to death metal music. In which decade were the first electric guitars produced? Was it:

a) the 1920s b) the 1930s, or c) the 1940s?

Rob

I think quite early, so I'm going to say the 1920s.

Neil

Well, we'll see if you're right later in the programme. Does violent music give people violent thoughts? Recent research claims to have found the answer. This is how the topic was introduced on BBC News. What was the conclusion?

BBC News Presenter

A psychological study of fans of death metal suggests that they are not desensitised to violence despite the genre's association with growling, often graphically violent lyrics including depictions of cannibalism. Researchers found that the main response of fans to the music they love was joy, not violence. Adding that most are very nice people who wouldn't dream of hurting anyone, let alone eating them.

Neil

So what conclusion did the researchers come to?

Rob

Well, they found that the response to the music was joy, not anger or violence. It made people happy.

Neil

There was a fear that listening to music with violent lyrics, which means violent words, would make people desensitised to violence.

Rob

If you are desensitised to something, you don't see it as unusual or unacceptable, it doesn't bother you.

Neil

The newsreader also said that the lyrics of death metal include topics such as cannibalism, which is the practice of eating human flesh. Listening to someone singing about eating people apparently didn't make them feel like snacking on their neighbours. Let's hear the introduction again.

BBC News Presenter

A psychological study of fans of death metal suggests that they are not desensitised to violence despite the genre's association with growling, often graphically violent lyrics including depictions of cannibalism. Researchers found that the main response of fans to the music they love was joy, not violence. Adding that most are very nice people who wouldn't dream of hurting anyone, let alone eating them.

Neil

Professor Bill Thompson from Macquarie University in Sydney conducted this research. What does he say people don't feel when listening to this kind of music?

Professor Bill Thompson

Most fans are not angry. Most are actually musically trained people who really get a lot of empowerment and aesthetic interest out of the music. They feel joyful. They feel transcendent, they feel empowered. But what they don't feel is angry.

Neil

What don't people feel?

Rob

They don't feel angry! What they do feel is joyful, the adjective from joy. They feel happy. Something else they feel is empowered. This is a feeling of being in control of your life, that you can make and follow your own decisions.

Neil

Music is certainly a powerful art form. Professor Thompson also said that fans have an aesthetic interest in it. This means that they appreciate it as an art form. Let's hear Professor Thompson again.

Professor Bill Thompson

Most fans are not angry. Most are actually musically trained people who really get a lot of empowerment and aesthetic interest out of the music. They feel joyful. They feel transcendent they feel empowered. But what they don't feel is angry.

Neil

Time to review our vocabulary, but first, let's have the answer to the quiz question. In which decade were the first electric guitars produced? Was it:

a) the 1920s b) the 1930s c) the 1940s

What did you think, Rob?

Rob

I took a guess at the 1920s.

Neil

Well electric guitars were early, but not quite that early, I'm afraid. The first ones were produced in the 1930s. So well done if, unlike Rob, you got that correct. Now, onto the vocabulary.

Rob

Yes, we had a few words connected with music. We had genre for a style of music and also lyrics for the words of a song.

Neil

Some of the lyrics of death metal songs are about eating people, which is called cannibalism.

Rob

Cannibalism is a form of extreme violence and there was some concern that people exposed to such violent lyrics in songs might become desensitised to actual violence.

Neil

This means that they would accept violence as normal and not be worried by it. However, the research showed that this doesn't happen and fans actually feel joy, which is another way of saying happiness.

Rob

The research also suggested that fans have an artistic appreciation of death metal, described as an aesthetic interest.

Neil

The final word was for a feeling that fans might get after listening to the music, empowered.

Rob

Someone who is empowered is in control of their own life and decisions.

Neil

And I feel empowered to bring this edition of 6 Minute English to a close. We look forward to your company next time. Until then, you can find us in all the usual places on social media - that's Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube. And there's our website, and of course, we have a free app which you can find in the app stores. You'll be able to listen to 6 Minute English on the move. You just walk and we talk. Just search for bbclearninglish. Bye for now.

Rob

Goodbye!

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台