官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Fake or real: What’s the best tree to have at Christmas?

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章原文
同步字幕

Introduction

They're the ultimate Christmas decoration and millions are bought around the world each year. But what impact do Christmas trees - real and artificial - have on the environment? Neil and Sam discuss Christmas's carbon footprint and teach you some new vocabulary all in 6 minutes!

This week's question

In 2010, a Christmas tree in Belgium was awarded the Guinness World Record for having the most lights on it - but do you how many? Were there...

a) 19,672

b) 94,672, or c) 194,672

Listen to the programme to find out the answer.

Vocabulary

indulging

allowing yourself to have too much of something you enjoy.

symbolic

representing something

festive

joyful feeling you get when celebrating something like Christmas

sustainable

the ability to do something over a long period of time without harming the environment.

economical

doing something that doesn't cost a lot of money

composted

allowed to decay and then added back into the soil to improve its quality

Transcript

Note: This is not a word-for-word transcript

Neil

Hello and happy Christmas! This is 6 Minute English with me, Neil. And joining me today is Sam.

Sam

Hello.

Neil

So, Sam, are you feeling excited about Christmas?

Sam

Of course! Time with friends and family, eating lots, partying, presents - and generally indulging - what's not to like?

Neil

Indulging - allowing yourself to have perhaps too much of something you enjoy. Well, it only happens once a year, Sam. But for those of us who do celebrate Christmas, it comes at a price.

Sam

Yes, well buying all those presents can be expensive.

Neil

Not just that, Sam. I mean it comes at a cost to the environment, as we'll explain shortly. But let's start off with a quiz question for you to answer. In 2010, a Christmas tree in Belgium was awarded the world record for having the most lights on it - but do you how many? Were there...

a) 19,672

b) 94,672, or

c) 194,672

What do you think, Sam?

Sam

Well, I don't think you could fit 194, 673 lights on a Christmas tree, so I'll say a) 19,672.

Neil

OK. Well, we'll find out how 'bright' you are at the end of the programme! Of course, Christmas trees are the ultimate Christmas decoration. It's part of the Christmas tradition and millions are bought around the world each year. But what impact do Christmas trees - real and artificial - have on the environment?

Sam

Well before we answer that, let's hear from some of the BBC Learning English team who chose to have a real Christmas tree in their home and find out why...

Phil

Well, you've got the smell of it. You've got the look of it. But more importantly, it's Christmas trees are supposed to be symbolic, aren't they? So the idea of something that stays green all year, so bringing that into your house it, it means something.

Jiaying

I just think a real Christmas tree is more festive and more Christmassy. And it's just the tradition to get a real Christmas tree, that's all.

Roy

There's something more beautiful about the nature, the smell, the feel, the look of the tree and I like it to be sustainable. So, as long as I get my tree from a person that promises to grow two or three in its place, then I'm really, really happy.

Neil

Yes, I agree - you can't beat having a real Christmas tree. And as Phil said, it's symbolic - it represents something important - and here a Christmas tree is the symbol of Christmas.

Sam

And as Jiaying mentioned, it's a tradition - something that's done regularly and has become the expected thing to do - and I'd agree it makes things more festive - a word to describe the joyful feeling you get when celebrating something like Christmas.

Neil

But of course all these trees are often thrown away, which is wasteful. That's why Roy mentioned his tree being sustainable - which means they can continue to be grown and cut down over a longer period so it's less harmful to the environment.

Sam

Well, an alternative to a real Christmas tree is a fake or artificial one, which is what Feifei from our team has in her house. What are the reasons why?

Feifei

We have a plastic Christmas tree, which we've had for about nine years. So it's plastic so you can re-use it every year and it's more economical, and we don't have to keep buying new trees.

Neil

So Feifei's fake tree is made of plastic - so that's not great for recycling - but the good thing is she uses it year after year which makes it economical - which means it doesn't cost a lot of money, it's good value.

Sam

Ah, but even Feifei admits it doesn't have the smell and feel of a real tree. It's a dilemma isn't it, Neil?

Neil

Yes - what's best for us and what's best for the environment? The BBC's Reality Check programme found that real trees take about 12 years to grow and as they do, they absorb carbon from the atmosphere and nitrogen from the soil - so a good thing.

Sam

But when it's chopped down it starts to release emissions back into the atmosphere - especially if you have to transport it to your home. And when Christmas is over, if it ends up in landfill, the tree's carbon footprint will be higher.

Neil

But its carbon footprint will be lowered if it's recycled or composted - that's the process of allowing it to decay and then adding it to the ground to improve soil quality. A fake tree on the other hand is usually imported, and can't usually be recycled but, as Feifei mentioned, it can be re-used. But without any type of Christmas tree, where would we put all those lights I mentioned earlier, Sam? I asked you: In 2010, a Christmas tree in Belgium was awarded the world record for having the most lights on it - but did you know how many? What do you say, Sam?

Sam

I think I said 19,672.

Neil

Ooo, not very bright I'm afraid! There were in fact 194, 672!

Sam

Wow - think of the electricity that must have used!

Neil

Indeed. Well let's enlighten everyone with some of the vocabulary we've discussed today.

Sam

OK, well we started talking about indulging - that means allowing yourself to have perhaps too much of something you enjoy.

Neil

When something is symbolic, it represents something important. And the word festive describes the joyful feeling you get when celebrating something like Christmas.

Sam

Like the festive jumper you are wearing today, Neil - very jolly! OK, next we mentioned sustainable - which means the ability to do something over a long period of time without harming the environment.

Neil

Economical describes doing something that doesn't cost a lot of money, it's good value.

Sam

And when something is composted, it is allowed to decay - and it turns in to compost which can be added back into the soil to improve its quality.

Neil

Thank you, Sam. And that brings us to the end of 6 Minute English for now. It just leaves us to wish you a very happy Christmas. Goodbye.

Sam

Goodbye.

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台