官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)

创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Cyber security and you 人们身边的网络安全隐患

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章原文
同步字幕

近来,网络安全对于个人和企业来说都是一个不可忽视的问题。每个建立了网络连接的用户都面临着一个真实存在的危险 - 被黑客攻击,比如受到数字病毒的感染或某种形式的数据盗窃。然而说来也怪,在大多数情况下,威胁网络安全的始作俑者并不是计算机本身,而是使用互联网的用户,因为人们总在犯一些看似微不足道,却常常很关键的错误。本集《随身英语》介绍三个引起人们加强网络安全意识的相关小贴士。

Vocabulary: cyber security and technology 词汇:网络安全和科技

It's a dangerous world out there in cyberspace. Hackers, viruses, and malware, among others, all exist and are very real threats. A 2017 UK government cyber-security breaches survey showed that in the preceding 12 months, just under half of the companies asked had identified an attack or breach. That could have been disastrous.

The problem is not the computers, firewalls or encryption - it's us. People are bad at following good cyber-security protocol - such as using an effective password. We're also pretty dumb when it comes to clicking on links and downloading content we shouldn't, Ian Pratt, co-founder of cyber-security firm Bromium told the BBC. With that in mind, here are three tips to keep you 'cyber-safe'.

Passwords are a weakness. The ideal password should be at least eight characters long, and contain upper and lower case letters, symbols and numbers. And don't use a common word such as 'password'. "This makes you vulnerable to a scrape attack. This is where hackers take the most common passwords and try them on millions of accounts," Thomas Pedersen from OneLogin, an identity and access management company, told the BBC.

Keep your equipment up-to-date by installing the latest security updates for your computer - obviously. Less obvious perhaps, is doing so for other technology also connected to the internet - such as your router. A recent study carried out by the American Consumer Institute Centre for Citizen Research found that "five out of six routers are inadequately updated for known security flaws." These require software updates, too. And don't forget your other smart devices, such as your smart TV!

Finally, consider enabling multi-factor authentication for your accounts. That's where a mobile phone or dongle is used to verify access to a device. If your password becomes compromised, no access can be obtained without your second authentication device... so don't lose your phone! In the future, biometrics such as voice and fingerprint may make this easier.

The internet is wonderful, but security threats do exist. Fortunately, with a little common sense and forethought, you can be secure from the majority of cyber-security threats.

词汇表

cyberspace 网络空间

hacker 黑客

virus 计算机病毒

malware 恶意软件

cyber-security 网络安全的(其名词搭配为 "cyber security")

breach 破坏、违规

firewall 防火墙

encryption 数据加密

protocol 协议、协定

character 字符(如数字、字母、标点等)

vulnerable 易受攻击的

scrape attack 撒网式密码盗窃

up-to-date 最新的

update 更新,升级

router 路由器

flaw 漏洞

multi-factor authentication 多重身份认证

dongle 软件保护器

compromised 被攻破的

biometrics 生物特征识别技术(其形容词为 "biometric 生物特征测定的")

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or False: There are things we can do to better maintain our cyber security.

2. Apart from using bad passwords, what are people also susceptible to?

3. Which devices can people overlook when updating security software?

4. What is the advantage of multi-factor authentication?

5. Which word used in the article means 'not done to a good enough standard'?

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. In the event of a fire, please follow safety ______ and evacuate quickly but safely.

breaches updates dongles protocols

2. The unknown man managed to ______ stage security and attack the pop star mid-concert.

breach scrape hack flaw

3. The majority of emails these days are secured with end-to-end ______.

malware firewalls encryption passwords

4. Soon, all transactions could be ______. You'll be able to pay for your shopping with your face!

compromised biometric vulnerable up-to-date

5. I think there's a small ______ in your plan. We don't have any money to go to the cinema!

flaw attack virus character

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or False: There are things we can do to better maintain our cyber security.

True. This article offers three simple ideas, but there are many more.

2. Apart from using bad passwords, what are people also susceptible to?

People are susceptible to clicking links and downloading content that they shouldn't.

3. Which devices can people overlook when updating security software?

They forget to update other devices that are connected to the internet, such as routers and smart TVs.

4. What is the advantage of multi-factor authentication?

If your password ever becomes compromised, no access can be obtained without your second authentication device.

5. Which word used in the article means 'not done to a good enough standard'?

Inadequately (Five out of six routers are inadequately updated for known security flaws.)

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. In the event of a fire, please follow safety protocols and evacuate quickly but safely.

2. The unknown man managed to breach stage security and attack the pop star mid-concert.

3. The majority of emails these days are secured with end-to-end encryption.

4. Soon, all transactions could be biometric. You'll be able to pay for your shopping with your face.

5. I think there's a small flaw in your plan. We don't have any money to go to the cinema!

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台