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Is this the death of cash? 现金消亡的时代是否会到来

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文章原文
同步字幕

数百年来,硬币和钞票一直是人类进行商品交易的主要方式。在英国,自借记卡和信用卡被发明以来,现金的使用已不如以往那样普遍。2017 年,使用现金交易的金额的总数低于借记卡支付的交易金额。这难道意味着我们离现金时代的消亡不远了?借记卡会变成未来唯一的交易方式吗?所有人都认可这种交易方式吗?《随身英语》带你展望无现金社会的种种可能。

Vocabulary: money 词汇: 金钱

Cash is king, or so they say. In one form or another, human beings have been carrying around money for hundreds of years. Metal was first coined into cash between 700 and 600 BC by the Lydians, and banknotes have been in circulation since their first use in China around 1000 AD. These days, though, habits have changed. Modern technology means that while money is still widely used, it's more likely to be a digital transaction than a wad of notes and a handful of shrapnel. If cash is king, then it may eventually be dethroned.

In the UK, the use of tangible currency is in decline. In 2017, the banking trade body UK Finance reported a 15% fall in the use of ready money. Since their first use, debit card payments have given cash a run for its money. Last year, for the first time ever, the use of debit cards and contactless payments became the most popular way to stump up. In fact, if trends continue, the use of cold hard cash, would end by 2026, says the report.

For businesses, the smart money is on not taking cash. By doing so, they are in the money. For example, the Boot pub in Freston opened last year as a cashless pub. In a BBC article, its owner Mike Keen lists several advantages, including a quicker speed of service, lower insurance premiums since no cash is kept on site, and a saving in time as he needn't cash up each day nor make a deposit in the bank several times each week.

However, eight million people in the UK still need cash, according to the Access to Cash Review, an independent body measuring the need for cash in the UK. Those living in rural areas with poor internet connectivity and people who have physical or mental health issues are among those that find it difficult to use digital services. In addition, many service providers, such as window cleaners, are still paid cash in hand. Not to mention, budgeting, which is easier with cash since "you know what you've got," interviewee Kev Jackson told the BBC.

Is cash dead? Not yet it would seem, though as more technological solutions to payment, such as smart watches, become commonplace, its use is likely to decline more. What's important is, the report concludes, to put in place infrastructure to ensure that those who still need to pay the good, old-fashioned way can get their money's worth.

词汇表

cash is king 现金为王,现金至上

coin 铸造(货币)

cash 现金

banknote 钞票

in circulation (货币)在流通

transaction 交易

wad of notes 一沓钞票

shrapnel 零钱

currency 货币

ready money 现款、现金

give something a run for its money 给...带来竞争

contactless payment 非接触式支付

stump up (不情愿的)掏腰包,付钱

cold hard cash "硬当当的" 现金

the smart money is on 内行认为...

in the money 赚大钱

cashless 不用现金的

cash up 清点、结算账目

make a deposit (往银行账户里)存款

cash in hand 现金支付在手

budgeting 计算开支

get your money's worth 把钱花得物有所值

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. How long has humanity been using coins as currency?

2. True or false? Paying by cash is more popular than ever before.

3. Why are businesses and retailers turning to a cashless system?

4. Why is budgeting with cash easier?

5. Which word in the text means 'happening or being seen often'?

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. He tried to pay me £15 in ______! I told him I didn't want that great big pile of metal.

notes coined shrapnel deposit

2. I've got a weekend job for you. It's ______ so you get paid by the day.

cash in hand the smart money budgeting contactless payment

3. Right, I bought the last three meals. This time you are paying, so ______.

cash up pucker up stump up clench up

4. I don't know where they are, but the ______ is on them being on holiday.

ready money old hard cash deposit smart money

5. Look who just bought a new sports car! I guess you got your bonus! Someone's ______!

cash in hand in the money budgeting giving a run for their money

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. How long has humanity been using coins as currency?

Metal was first coined into cash between 700 and 600BC by the Lydians.

2. True or false? Paying by cash is more popular than ever before.

False. In 2017, the banking trade body UK Finance reported a 15% fall in the use of cash.

3. Why are businesses and retailers turning to a cashless system?

By not taking cash, businesses would be at an advantage.

4. Why is budgeting with cash easier?

Budgeting with cash is easier because you know what you've got.

5. Which word in the text means 'happening or being seen often'?

Commonplace. (Not yet it would seem, though as more technological solutions to payment become commonplace, its use is likely to decline more.)

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. He tried to pay me £15 in shrapnel! I told him I didn't want that great big pile of metal.

2. I've got a weekend job for you. It's cash in hand so you get paid by the day.

3. Right, I bought the last three meals. This time you are paying, so stump up.

4. I don't know where they are, but the smart money is on them being on holiday.

5. Look who just bought a new sports car! I guess you got your bonus! Someone's in the money!

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