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Are we addicted to video games? 从玩游戏上瘾得出的一点思考

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有人说,爱玩是人类的天性。随着科技的发展,电子游戏已成为现代人用来丰富生活、寻求挑战的一项娱乐活动。从模拟、冒险、动作到角色扮演,再到近年来非常流行的 VR 虚拟现实游戏,电子游戏的类别多种多样,玩法千变万化。虽然玩游戏可以放松身心,但有些人却沉迷在幻想的世界中,无法自拔。玩游戏上瘾这一趋势是否愈演愈烈?这种消遣方式有哪些积极作用?本集《随身英语》谈谈 "电游瘾"。

Vocabulary: gaming addiction 词汇: 游戏瘾

It's human nature to want to play. From board games to sports, games have been an integral part of human culture since time immemorial. Since their invention in the mid-20th century, video games have been among the most popular pastimes. In fact, in 2018 UK gamers spent on average over seven hours a week playing, according to market research conducted by global network provider Limelight. But how much is too much? When does entertainment become an addiction? Are we hooked on video games?

'The urge to play never goes away,' said Sean - not his real name - on the BBC's Victoria Derbyshire programme. His fixation with gaming once involved playing for 48 hours straight. It consumed him to the point he would ignore his family and children and ended up losing them along with his job and home. Since then he has checked into rehab, and despite falling off the wagon once or twice, he has been on track for the last 14 months.

'Sean' is not alone. The UK Addiction Treatment group have noticed an increase in the number of people seeking treatment for gaming addiction from four in 2014 to 22 in 2018, they told the BBC. And in 2018 the World Health Organization classified gaming addiction as a disorder. In the UK, an enquiry into technology addiction held by the Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee included testimony from self-professed gaming addicts. One, Matus Mikus, said "games by their very nature are addictive."

However, the association for UK Interactive Entertainment informed the committee that there was a 'lack of evidence' around the addiction. They stated that gaming could be a 'force for good, encouraging, among other things, critical thinking skills'. Indeed, in a 2018 BBC article, registrar in anaesthetic and intensive care at Sheffield Teaching Hospital, Rajin Chowdhury seems to agree. Gaming, he says, made him more dextrous, improved hand-eye coordination and aided procedures that were performed remotely through looking at a screen, especially where the surgery controls were not intuitive.

Are video games addictive? It's unclear. Like anything, moderation is key. The games themselves may not be the problem, but letting them negatively impact our lives certainly is. With that in mind, play well, have fun and don't forget to take regular breaks.

词汇表

pastime 消遣

gamer 游戏玩家

entertainment 娱乐

addiction 成瘾

hooked on 被...迷住的

urge 强烈的欲望,冲动

fixation 执迷

straight 连续地

consume 吞噬

rehab 康复治疗

fall off the wagon 旧瘾复发

on track 在正轨上

treatment 治疗

addictive 使人上瘾的

critical thinking 批判性思维

dextrous 灵巧的,敏捷的

hand-eye coordination 手眼协调

surgery controls 手术操作杆

intuitive 凭直觉的

moderation 适度、合理

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or false: People have always played games.

2. Since he quit playing video games, has 'Sean' ever played again?

3. What did the World Health Organisation do in 2018?

4. What benefits did playing video games bring to Rajin Chowdhury?

5. Which word in the text means 'existing or happening for a very long time'?

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. He hasn't played cards in ages. Now he's ______ on doing origami!

pastime addicted fixation hooked

2. I though she wasn't drinking alcohol but it seems she's ______.

consume dextrous moderation fallen off the wagon

3. The advantage of touch-screen technology is that its controls are ______.

intuitive dextrous critical addictive

4. A world-class tennis champion needs excellent ______.

controls critical thinking hand-eye coordination moderation

5. When angry, try to resist the ______ to shout. Take a deep breath and calm down.

fixation urge skill addiction

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. True or false: People have always played games.

True. From board games to sports, games have been an integral part of human culture since time immemorial.

2. Since he quit playing video games, has 'Sean' ever played again?

Yes. He has fallen off the wagon once or twice.

3. What did the World Health Organisation do in 2018?

The WHO classified gaming addiction as a disorder.

4. What benefits did playing video games bring to Rajin Chowdhury?

He says gaming made him more dextrous, improved hand-eye coordination and aided procedures performed remotely through a screen.

5. Which word in the text means 'existing or happening for a very long time'?

Immemorial. (From board games to sports, games have been an integral part of human culture since time immemorial.)

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. He hasn't played cards in ages. Now he's hooked on doing origami!

2. I though she wasn't drinking alcohol but it seems she's fallen off the wagon.

3. The advantage of touch-screen technology is that its controls are intuitive.

4. A world-class tennis champion needs excellent hand-eye coordination.

5. When angry, try to resist the urge to shout. Take a deep breath and calm down.

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