官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)

创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Is the UK abandoning its cities? 英国人 “逃离” 大城市的原因

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章原文
同步字幕

如今,世界各地的大城市数不胜数。这个繁忙而密集的人口中心象征人类几千年来的文明。其实,城市的数量不仅仅与日俱增,人口数量也不断增加,"巨型城市" 不断涌现。在这一背景下,伦敦市内的总人口每年呈递减的趋势。这是为什么?哪些人正在离开城市,而哪些人仍然被它的机会和活力所吸引?本集节目讨论英国人离开大城市背后的原因。

Vocabulary: cities and population 词汇: 城市和人口

We owe a lot to cities. These densely populated hubs of transit, industry and commerce brought together great swathes of the population. More than just living together for safety, cities allowed people to cooperate more easily and, as a result, develop more complex societies, science, and culture - things we continue to benefit from today. In 2016 the UN revealed that over 50% of the world's population live in urban settlements. Of these cities, 31 are classified as megacities. A megacity is one where its inhabitants number more than 10 million. And globally this trend is expected to increase.

London is no exception. Unsurprisingly, as England's capital city, London has a population of over 10 million - up by 1.1 million since 2008, according to one BBC article. This is a result of a higher birth rate than mortality rate, and an increase in international immigration. However, despite these rises, half a million more people have migrated away from this metropolis than have flocked to it. Why might this be?

It's the result of age. Where members of all other age groups tend to depart more than they arrive, young people between the ages of 20 and 30 are drawn to the range and number of jobs that the city offers and the education opportunities that can be found there. This explains why London has one of the youngest average populations in the UK, just 37, according to the BBC.

And the rest of the country? From 2002 to 2015 municipalities such as Liverpool, Birmingham and Manchester saw a population growth of 181%, 163% and 149% respectively, according to figures from the Office for National Statistics. Young professionals looking for high-paying jobs are attracted to the opportunities provided by growth in sectors such as finance and law. This in turn causes the development of city amenities such as gyms, restaurants and bars, making it an even more attractive place to live.

So are people in the UK leaving cities? It depends on where you look. What does seem clear is that people's views on the advantages of urban living may change as they get older. Where once was opportunity, now there may be hassle. Has your relationship with a city changed over time?

词汇表

densely populated 人口密集的

hub 中心

transit 运输

commerce 商务、商业

swathe 大片、大量的

society 社会

culture 文化

urban settlement 城市定居点

megacity (人口超过一千万的)巨型城市

inhabitant 居民

capital 首都

population 人口

birth rate 出生率

mortality rate 死亡率

immigration 移民

migrate (大批)移居,迁移

metropolis 大都市

flock 蜂拥而至

municipality 市政当局

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. Why have cities been useful to human development?

2. True or false? Worldwide, more people live in cities than out of them.

3. Why are young adults attracted to London?

4. How many more people have moved away from London than moved to it?

5. Which word in the text means 'places that make living in towns or cities more comfortable or pleasant'?

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. As the situation stands, a great ______ of the population has been caught in the epidemic.

population swathe immigration capital

2. Modern medicine has helped to lower the ______ to never before seen levels.

birth rate mortality rate capital culture

3. The 50% off sale saw people ______ to the designer outlet store.

flock immigrate emigrate commute

4. The eastern district of the city is a ______ for culture, art and music.

hub capital swathe society

5. As resources became scarce, people and animals would ______ to other areas.

immigrant emigrant migrate migrant

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. Why have cities been useful to human development?

Cities have allowed people to cooperate more easily and, as a result, develop more complex societies, science, and culture.

2. True or false? Worldwide, more people live in cities than out of them.

True. In 2016 the UN revealed that over 50% of the world's population live in urban settlements.

3. Why are young adults attracted to London?

Young people between the ages of 20 and 30 are drawn to the range and number of jobs that the city offers and the education opportunities that can be found there.

4. How many more people have moved away from London than moved to it?

Half a million more people have migrated away from London than have moved to it.

5. Which word in the text means 'place that makes living in towns or cities more comfortable or pleasant'?

Amenity. (This in turn causes the development of city amenities such as gyms, restaurants and bars, making it an even more attractive a place to live.)

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. As the situation stands, a great swathe of the population has been caught in the epidemic.

2. Modern medicine has helped to lower the mortality rate to never before seen levels.

3. The low cost sale saw people flock to the designer outlet store.

4. The eastern district of the city is a hub for culture, art and music.

5. As resources became scarce, people and animals would migrate to other areas.

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台