官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

Ultra-processed food linked to early death 食用超加工食品可能导致早逝

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章原文
同步字幕

食物在经过加工后所包含的营养成分会有所降低,这也是为什么人们普遍认为经过加工后的食品不如新鲜食材营养丰富。科学家发现,被经过 "超级加工" 的食品对人体健康带来了新的威胁。超加工食品是一种经过大量工业加工的食品,包装上通常有很长的成分表。科学家对超加工食品进行了研究,他们发现了什么?本集 "随身英语" 讨论食用超加工食品可能对人体健康产生的影响。

Vocabulary: eating 词汇: 饮食

It's good to enjoy food, but sometimes stories about the dangers of eating certain things can be hard to digest. I love to tuck into to a pepperoni pizza or munch on a jam doughnut, even though I know the dangers that lurk in their ingredients. It's clear that processed foods are not the most nutritious things; but there now comes a new threat - from ultra-processed foods.

Scientists have now discovered that eating these types of food - such as chicken nuggets, ice cream and breakfast cereals - have been linked to early death and poor health. This is the stuff that has been through more substantial industrial processing and often has long ingredient lists on the packet, including added preservatives, sweeteners or colour enhancers.

Knowing that your bowl of cornflakes could be bad for you might be hard to swallow, but two studies have shown that people eating more ultra-processed food had worse heart health. Dr Mathilde Touvier from the University of Paris, who conducted one of the studies, told the BBC: "The rapid and worldwide increasing consumption of ultra-processed foods, to the detriment of less processed foods, may drive a substantial burden of cardiovascular diseases in the next decades."

But it might not be completely necessary to change your diet just yet as there is still some uncertainty about the results of the study and questions still to answer. Kevin McConway, a professor of statistics at The Open University, told the BBC: "These studies do increase my confidence that there's something real behind these associations - but I'm still far from sure."

Maybe we should follow the advice of The US National Institutes of Health, which found that ultra-processed foods lead people to eat more and put on more weight. It suggests avoiding food containing ingredients you cannot pronounce or anything your grandmother would not recognise as food! The obvious thing to do seems to be to feast on more unprocessed foods, such as fruit, vegetables, fish, nuts and seeds, beans, lentils and wholegrains, often called a Mediterranean-style diet. After all, we are what we eat!

词汇表

hard to digest 难以(让人)接受

tuck into 尽情地吃,痛快地吃

ingredient 成分,配料

processed foods 经过加工的食品

nutritious 营养丰富的

preservative 防腐剂

sweetener 甜味剂

colour enhancers 色素

hard to swallow 令人难以置信

consumption 食用

cardiovascular disease 心血管疾病

diet 饮食

feast on 尽情享用,大吃大喝

unprocessed 未经加工的

wholegrain 全谷物的

Mediterranean-style diet 地中海式饮食

we are what we eat 人如其食

测验与练习

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1. According to new studies, what might be worse than processed foods?

2. True or false? An ultra-processed food item contains many ingredients.

3. How might eating too much ultra-processed food be bad for your health?

4. According to one study, what should you do if your grandmother doesn't recognise what you're eating?

5. Which word used in the article means 'connections between two things'?

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. When I'm on holiday I like to _______ a nice plate of bacon and eggs for my breakfast!

tuck up tuck on tuck into tuck out

2. _______ of coffee has increased considerably. Now there seems to be a shop selling it on every street corner.

ingredients consumption diet preservatives

3. After being ill for several weeks, my doctor has recommended I eat some _______ meals to improve my health.

nutritious ingredients wholegrains sweeteners

4. Getting poor grades in my exams was _______ - but I guess I can try again next year.

hard and swallow hard to swallowing hardly swallow hard to swallow

5. The bread tasted awful! I think it was full of _______, which is why it stayed fresh for a week!

colour enhancers ingredients preservatives processed food

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。

1.According to new studies, what might be worse than processed foods?

Studies have found the worst kinds of food are ultra-processed ones.

2.True or false? An ultra-processed food item contains many ingredients.

True. Scientists have found ultra-processed foods have been through more substantial industrial processing and often have long ingredient lists on the packet.

3. How might eating too much ultra-processed food be bad for your health?

Two studies have shown that people eating more ultra-processed food had worse heart health, also known as cardiovascular diseases.

4. According to one study, what should you do if your grandmother doesn't recognise what you're eating?

The US National Institutes of Health suggests avoiding or cutting down on anything your grandmother would not recognise as food!

5. Which word used in the article means 'connections between two things'?

The word is 'associations'. Kevin McConway, a professor of statistics at The Open University, told the BBC: "These studies do increase my confidence that there's something real behind these associations - but I'm still far from sure."

2. 请在不参考课文的情况下完成下列练习。选择一个意思合适的单词填入句子的空格处。

1. When I'm on holiday I like to tuck into a nice plate of bacon and eggs for my breakfast!

2. Consumption of coffee has increased considerably. Now there seems to be a shop selling it on every street corner.

3. After being ill for several weeks, my doctor has recommended I eat some nutritious meals to improve my health.

4. Getting poor grades in my exams was hard to swallow - but I guess I can try again next year.

5. The bread tasted awful! I think it was full of preservatives, which is why it stayed fresh for a week!

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台