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中国版灰姑娘叶限的故事 | Yeh-Shen: A Cinderella Story From China

阅读次数:

《格林童话》灰姑娘的故事在中国家喻户晓,但少有人知道《灰姑娘》可能改编自1300多年前唐朝笔记小说《酉阳杂俎》里的一个故事。请看美国华人作家写的英文版儿童小说《Yeh-Shen: A Cinderella Story From China》以及美国CBS电视台据此改编的同名动画短片。

本文分为四个部分:

1、美国CBS动画《Yeh-Shen: A Cinderella Story From China》

2、美国华人Aai-Ling Louie所著的《Yeh-Shen: A Cinderella Story From China》

3、2010年高考语文天津卷文言文阅读《叶限养鱼》

4、维基百科收录的《叶限》中文白话版

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1、美国CBS动画《Yeh-Shen: A Cinderella Story From China》

2、美国华人Aai-Ling Louie所著的《Yeh-Shen: A Cinderella Story From China》

During the time of the Ch'in and Han dynasties, a cave chief named Wu married two wives and each gave birth to baby girls.

Before long Chief Wu and one wife died leaving one baby, Yeh-Shen, to be reared by her stepmother. The stepmother didn't like Yeh-Shen for she was more beautiful and kinder than her own daughter so she treated her poorly.

Yeh-Shen was given the worse jobs and the only friend she had was a beautiful fish with big golden eyes. Each day the fish came out of the water onto the bank to be fed by Yeh-Shen. Now Yen-Shen had little food for herself but she was willing to share with the fish.

Her stepmother hearing about the fish disguised herself as Yen-Shen and enticed the fish from the water. She stabbed it with a dagger, and cooked the fish for dinner.

叶限 Ye Xian (Yeh-Shen) - 中国版灰姑娘 Chinese Cinderella
叶限(Yeh-Shen)- 中国版灰姑娘 Chinese Cinderella

Yeh-Shen was distraught when she learned of the fish's death. As she sat crying she heard a voice and looked up to see a wise old man wearing the coarsest of clothes and with hair hanging down over his shoulders.

He told her that the bones of the fish were filled with a powerful spirit, and that when she was in serious need she was to kneel before the bones and tell them of her heart's desires. She was warned not to waste their gifts.

Yeh-Shen retrieved the bones from the trash heap and hid them in a safe place.

Time passed and the spring festival was nearing. This was a time when the young people gathered in the village to meet one another and to find husbands and wives. Yen-Shen longed to go to the festival but her stepmother wouldn't allow it because she feared that someone would pick Yeh-Shen rather than her own daughter.

The stepmother and the daughter left for the festival leaving Yeh-Shen behind. Yeh-Shen wanting desperately to go asked the bones for clothes to wear to the festival.

Suddenly she was wearing a beautiful gown of azure blue with a cloak of kingfisher feathers draped around her shoulders. On her feet were beautiful slippers. They were woven of golden threads in a pattern of a scaled fish and the soles were made of solid gold.

When she walked she felt lighter than air. She was warned not to lose the slippers.

Yeh-Shen arrived at the festival and soon all were looking her way. The daughter and step-mother moved closer to her for they seemed to recognize this beautiful person. Seeing that she would be found out, Yeh-Shen dashed out of the village leaving behind one of the golden slippers.

When she arrived home she was dressed again in her rags. She spoke again to the bones, but they were now silent. Saddened she put the one golden slipper in her bedstraw.

After a time a merchant found the lost slipper, and seeing the value in the golden slipper sold it to a merchant who gave it to the king of the island kingdom of T'o Han.

Now the king wanted to find the owner of this tiny beautiful slipper. He sent his people to search the kingdom but no ones foot would fit in the tiny golden slipper. He had the slipper placed on display in a pavilion on the side of the road where the slipper had been found with an announcement that the shoe was to be returned to the owner.

The king's men waited out of site. All the women came to try on the shoe. One dark night Yeh-Shen slipped quietly across the pavilion, took the tiny golden slipper and turned to leave, but the king's men rushed out and arrested her. She was taken to the king who was furious for he couldn't believe that any one in rags could possibly own a golden slipper. As he looked closer at her face he was struck by her beauty and he noticed she had the tiniest feet.

The king and his men returned home with her where she produced the other slipper. As she slipped on the two slippers her rags turned into the beautiful gown and cloak she had worn to the festival.

The king realized that she was the one for him. They married and lived happily ever after. However, the stepmother and daughter were never allowed to visit Yeh-Shen and were forced to continue to live in their cave until the day they were crushed to death in a shower of flying stones.

3、2010年高考语文天津卷文言文阅读·叶限养鱼

南人相传,秦汉前有洞主吴氏,土人(土人:世代居住本地的人)呼为吴洞。娶两妻,一妻卒,有女名叶限,少惠,善淘金,父爱之。末岁(末岁:岁末)父卒,为后母所苦,常令樵险汲深。

时尝得一鳞,二寸余,鬐(赪:chēng,红色。鬐:通“鳍”)金目,遂潜(潜:悄悄地)养于盆水。日日长,易数器,大不能受,乃投于后池中。女所得余食,辄沉以食之。女至池,鱼必露首枕岸,他人至,不复出。其母知之,每伺之,鱼未尝见也。因诈女曰:“尔无劳乎?吾为尔新其襦。”乃易其弊衣。后令汲于他泉,计里数百也。母徐衣其女衣,袖利刃行向池呼鱼,鱼即出首,因斫杀之。鱼已长丈余。膳其肉,味倍于常鱼,藏其骨于 之下。

逾日,女至向池,不复见鱼矣,乃哭于野。忽有人被(被:同“披”)发粗衣,自天而降,慰女曰:“尔无哭,尔母杀尔鱼矣!骨在粪下,尔归,可取鱼骨藏于室,所须第祈之,当随尔也。”女用其言,金玑衣食随欲而具。

及洞节,母往,令女守庭果。女伺母行远,亦往,衣翠(翠:翠鸟的羽毛)纺上衣,蹑金履。母所生女认之,谓母曰:“此甚似姊也。”母亦疑之,女觉遽反,遂遗一只履,为洞人所得。母归,但见女抱庭树眠,亦不之虑。

其洞邻海岛,岛中有国名陀汗,兵强,王数十岛,水界(水界:水域)数千里。洞人遂货其履于陀汗国,国主得之,命其左右履之,足小者履减一寸。乃令一国妇人履之,竟无一人称者。其轻如毛,履石无声。陀汗王意其洞人以非道得之,遂禁锢而拷掠之,竟不知所从来。乃以是履弃之于道旁,即遍历人家捕之,若有女履者,捕之以告。得叶限,令履之而信。叶限因衣翠纺衣,蹑履而进,色若天人也。始具事于王,载鱼骨与叶限俱还国。其母及女即为飞石击死,洞人哀之,埋于石坑,命曰懊女冢。

陀汗王至国,以叶限为上妇。一年,王贪求,祈于鱼骨,宝玉无限。逾年,不复应。王乃葬鱼骨于海岸,用珠百斛藏之,以金为际(际:边缘),至征卒叛时,将发以赡军。一夕,为海潮所沦。

4、维基百科收录的《叶限》中文白话版

在秦汉二朝之前有一个吴姓洞主娶了两位妻子,其中一位妻子早死,留下一名女儿,她的名字是叶限。叶限聪明伶俐,擅长淘金,深得父亲的喜爱;但在父亲死后,叶限受到后母的虐待,后母经常叫她到危险的地方伐木或到深水的井打水。一天,叶限得到一尾两寸长、金色眼睛的金鱼,便拿回家里饲养,金鱼一天一天的长大,只得把它放到池里饲养。而只有叶限每次走到池边的时候,金鱼才会浮上水面伸出头来。

叶限的后母骗了叶限的衣服后,穿上它走到池边,然后杀死金鱼,更把它烧来吃。叶限发现金鱼不在池里,放声大哭。忽然,天上神仙降临,安慰叶限,并要她把鱼骨堀起,藏于家中;那么,向它祈祷的愿望都能实现。于是,叶限得到不少金银珠宝、华衣美食。

到了某个节日,后母参与盛会,她吩咐叶限在家守着果树。叶限待后母远去后,亦悄悄跟上,还穿上翠绿色的纱纺上衣和一双金鞋子。后母所生的女儿认出叶限,后母看见叶限后亦起疑心;叶限害怕给她们发现,便匆匆回家,途中遗留了其中一只金鞋子,由其他洞人所得到。后母回家后,发现她抱树而睡,才没有追究。

洞穴附近有一个名为“陀汗”的强大岛国,一名洞人把金鞋子带到陀汗国售卖,国王得到金鞋子后,命令左右试穿,然而却没有人合穿。于是国王命令全国的妇人试穿那只鞋子,发现她们全都不是那只鞋子的主子。那只金鞋子轻如羽毛,穿上它踏在石上也不会发出声音。陀汗王认为洞人是抢回来的,便把他禁锢起来,但对他拷打后也不知道金鞋子的来历。

国王把金鞋子弃在路旁,并到处派人到人们的家里搜查,如果搜出另一只金鞋子,就将家里的人捉拿,结果,陀汗王在室内找到叶限,并发现她能够穿上金鞋子,人们都相信她就是金鞋子的主人。由于叶限的一身打扮和举止都美若天仙,国王便娶她为妻,然后与叶限带着鱼骨一同回国。而叶限的后母及姊姊则被飞石击中而死,洞人为了哀悼她们,就把她们埋在石坑里,并命名为“懊女冢”。以后的人更会在冢前进行祭祀,而该处亦成了求女的地方。

陀汗王回国后,将叶限册封为王后。回国后的第一年,陀汗王非常贪心,常常向鱼骨祈求财宝,虽然都如愿以偿,但到了第二年就就不灵光了。国王把鱼骨葬于海岸,以珍珠遮掩著,并以金银围着葬穴。后来,陀汗王出征讨伐作乱的士兵时,打算将那些金银珠宝都用作军饷,但在一天的晚上,那些金银珠宝都被海浪冲走了。

网友的学习评论(20条):
happy ending as always
作者:arrow
the cinderella could wait the king finally ,it's a perfect love story .
what's so perfect about the story?Is it superficial,shallow view that judging a person by appearance or the lovely dream that cinderella will be blessed and soon or later ,a prince rides on a white horse will rush to rescue the poor girl and they two ride into the sunset leaving the vicious step-mother and her daughter die miserablely?
I am not an cynic.It just occured to me that sometimes people feel so helpless and powerless to change something that they have to resort to god or imagination.It's a little sad and pathetic.
作者:jianglu3rd
嫁给国王就意味着幸福一生吗?
作者:Isabella
l love the story very much? is it the why I have the princess's dream?
作者:英语菜鸟
I aslo want to find their own happiness.
作者:fling
Chinese has stories too.but we do not read them.
作者:Daisyshine
China's Cinderalla is just like the western world's one,I adore her very much,she's so beautiful,kind and deligent.But she had no power to change her life just because she submitted to her fate and take no measure to fight against it.It's quite lucky for her to have a such good friend.
作者:Lino_Liu
Yes,a story just exist in dream. It advise that people should have a kind heart and should have dreams.As years go by,we donot believe this story anymore,but we do be pleasure again after re-reading this story.
作者:Lily
Yeh-Shen become king's wife finally,but we think of that if Yeh-Shen has not the fish bones,can king marry her? I don't konw,do you konw?
作者:54eqq
Be happy to see this kind of story.
作者:Lino_Liu
Sometimes we need this kind of fairy tale to comfort our heart in this so cruel society. We all know that it could not happen in nowdays,all are believing and chasing for money.But we need more this storys to arouse morals consciences.
作者:Alian
The story was beautful .and we can learn English form it ,but in the newdays the story just happen in sotry.
作者:a977632066
There have many words that i don't know
作者:Richard
There have many words that i don't know I think you should work hard.
作者:Melody
You might be the top dog in your company , but it doesn't mean you can reach your goal without trouble or you can get what you want always . You may need someone's help or guild to shorten the target schedule and get things done with your desire . For example , like Yeh Shen , a Chinese cinderella story . She can't be successful without some's help .
作者:Melody
It is a beautify story and many girls have dreamed something similar in their childhood . It is good to have some faith and believe everything will turn good .
作者:刘嘉颖
It's a boring story.
作者:cindy邓
It is very difficult to understand the meaning of the english. From the classical Chinese or easier. Still feel good
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