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The U.S. Primary Process; Value Of Delegates; The Way Coronavirus Is Changing How Students Learn; Close-Up Of A Gas Giant

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CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: Hey everyone, I'm Carl Azuz and this is CNN 10. So happy to have you watching wherever you're watching from. Believe it or not we are not starting off today's show with the coronavirus report though we will have an update on that for you in a couple minutes. First though we want to bring you up to speed on the U.S. presidential election process.

The primaries and caucuses that are scheduled to be going on now help determine who will actually appear on the presidential ballot. And though the state of Ohio canceled its primary earlier this week, contests for Democrats were still held in Arizona, Florida and Illinois. And in all three of those primaries on Tuesday, former Vice President Joe Biden won and he expanded his lead over U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders from Vermont.

When we say lead, we mean the number of pledged delegates each candidate is expected to get from winning these primaries and caucuses and when we produced this show former Vice President Biden had an estimated 1,086 delegates while Senator Sanders had 772. Sander's campaign manager said the

Senator would be having conversations with his supporters in the weeks ahead about the state of his campaign. There were also questions about the state of the primaries themselves because the next two scheduled contests in Georgia and Puerto Rico have been canceled due to concerns over coronavirus.

Meanwhile Florida and Illinois held primaries for Republicans on Tuesday and the U.S. territory of American Samoa held a caucus yesterday. Though we don't yet have those caucus results, we can say that the wins that incumbent President Donald Trump got in Florida and Illinois gave him the delegates he needed to clinch the GOP nomination. So he will once again be the Republican nominee for president.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We've seen them wearing funny hats and waving signs at national party conventions.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Delegates.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Delegate.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Delegates.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Delegates.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Candidates covet them but what exactly is a delegate and why are they so important to the U.S. presidential race? They come from all 50 states, Washington, D.C. and every U.S. territory. Bigger, more popular states like California, Texas, Florida and New York have more of them. For the most part, the candidates win delegates through primaries and caucuses while the rules vary from state to state, generally more votes means more delegates. This summer thousands of delegates will come together at their national party conventions where they declare the support for a specific candidate.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Ohio Madam Secretary pass all 188 votes for the president and the next president of the United States Barack Obama.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: In order to become the party's nominee for president, a candidate must receive a majority of these delegates.

(END OF VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: An Italian virology professor says COVID-19 or the new coronavirus has no border. The nations have been shutting down their borders to try to keep the thing from spreading from country to country. The governments of the United States and Canada announced yesterday that people will not be allowed to cross their shared border for tourism or recreation. So everything from sightseeing to ski trips will be effected by that. Cross border trade will continue though. Supplies and goods will still be allowed to transfer between America and Canada.

There are concerns in Washington, D.C. that the coronavirus pandemic could drive the U.S. economy into a recession, a period of economic decline. So

Democrats and Republicans in Congress are discussing stimulus packages, plans worth hundreds of billions or even $1 trillion of government spending that are intended to stimulate the economy. Keeping small companies in business. Encouraging Americans to spend and borrow money, this could be part of that. These plans are also hope to calm investors in the U.S. stock market which has seen wild swings in recent days.

Increasingly, Americans are staying home from work. The nations big three car makers Chrysler, Ford and General Motors are reportedly planning to close all of their U.S. plants because of the coronavirus outbreak. And with scores of students out of school, they're finding themselves having to learn in a completely different environment.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: So there's going to be no class today (ph)?

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes.

EVAN MCMORRIS-SANTORO, CNN CORRESPONDENT: The running list of school closings nationwide changes by the minute due to coronavirus. For the time being the face to face school day has been replaced by e-learning. Many college students maybe used to logging into school but now online learning has become the norm for students of every age.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We have four classes a day with 15 minutes in between each class and a 30 minutes lunch break.

SANTORO: Sam Montag (ph) is 13. This is his first day attending 7th grade from his bedroom.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I think going online is a smart idea because we don't know when we'll be able to get back to school.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: UNTRANSLATED

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: UNTRANSLATED

SANTORO: Westminster School, the private K-12 in Atlanta, is trying to make online school as close to regular school as possible. So the day starts with homeroom from home.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Just follow what I'm doing. Everyone's doing it.

SANTORO: Caroleena Mars (ph) has been teaching French and Spanish classes for eight years. For the past few days, she's been translating her classroom lesson plans into e-learning.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: They've been working on learning how to order food and being open minded about trying (inaudible). Field trips are completely

(inaudible) and so we are trying to change the focus of the (inaudible). Instead of ordering food to cooking at home.

SANTORO: This is the first day she's wrangling her students from her dining room table.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: And we have everyone in class. Applause, everyone made it. (UNTRANSLATED). Control over the class is one thing that I just have to let go of. I'm not there so I'm not going to have the same amount of control.

SANTORO: The obvious question. Is this going to work? Online education has been around for a long time but it's never been tested quite like this.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: You know there's that rule or that guideline that your attention span is only as long as your age in minutes. So for middle schoolers we're talking attention span is usually 11 to 14 minutes max.

SANTORO: Dr. Lozette Acosta Cornio (ph) has been teaching online classes for a decade. She also teaches in the classroom. She says preparing good online coursework takes time. Something coronavirus didn't allow.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The education is going to suffer in the since that the content might not be the same. The experience might be overwhelming for instructors, for parents, for students.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: (UNTRANSLATED)

SANTORO: So you don't think that 2020 spring semester is going to be a loss semester for students across this country.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Absolutely not. We might gain from this experience about preparedness, about having more services and programs for our students nationwide, have more accessibility, more technology, more support for digital humanities and therefore have a vision forward.

SANTORO: Sam (ph) is learning a new way to be a student. His advice for his virtual classmates - -

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Just kind of remind yourself that you're still in class and that it is still school even though it's from your house.

SANTORO: Do you think you can leave your students with the same kind of education that they would have if they were with you in the classroom?

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yes. I can probably cover everything that I need to cover but education is so much more than what we cover in class. A little extracurricular activities, robotics, all of that is part of the students education.

SANTORO: Evan McMorris-Santoro, CNN, New York.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia. What is the fastest spinning planet in our solar system? Mercury, Earth, Jupiter, or Saturn. It's not only the biggest planet. Scientists say Jupiter is also the fastest spinning and completes a day in less than 10 hours.

In Roman Mythology, Juno was Jupiter's wife. So what? Well Juno is also the name of the NASA spacecraft that was sent t study Jupiter in 2011 and you're looking at one of the photos that the $1.1 billion mission recently sent back to Earth. Jupiter may be a giant ball of gas but it sure is

"Purdy". And as a number of reporter's put it, this picture can help get your mind off of what's happening on Earth for the time being.

Sad, turning your attention far away from home. Making heads spin like Jupiter where only Juno roams. You don't have to be "Mercurial" to want to make a change. Just "Neptune" into a distance spacecraft range. It's a "Marsing" and a sight for Pluto who would pan it.

It let's us make puns like we didn't even "planet". OK. That's enough of that. Today's show, our last stop is in Eagle River, Alaska where we're happy to see the students of McKinley High School watching today. I'm Carl Azuz for CNN.

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