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第4册 - Unit 1, Section B - The Positive Meanings of Love

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听力原文The Positive Meanings of Love

We'd like to share some of the positive meanings love has for us. Love means that I know the person I love. 

I'm aware of the many sides of the other person — not just the beautiful side but also the limitations, inconsistencies and faults. I have an awareness of the other's feelings and thoughts, and I experience something of the core of that person. I can penetrate social masks and roles and see the other person on a deeper level. 

Love means that I care about the welfare of the person I love. To the extent that it is genuine, my caring is not possessive, nor does it hold the other person back. On the contrary, my caring frees both of us.

 If I care about you, I'm concerned about your growth, and I hope you will become all that you can become. Consequently, I don't put up obstacles to what you do that enhances you as a person, even though it may result in my discomfort at times. Love means having respect for the dignity of the person I love. 

If I love you, I can see you as a separate person, with your own values and thoughts and feelings, and I do not insist that you surrender your identity to match an image of what I expect you to be for me. 

I can allow and encourage you to stand alone and to be who you are, and I avoid treating you as an object or using you primarily to satisfy my own needs. Love means having a responsibility toward the person I love. If I love you, I respond to most of your major needs as a person.

 This responsibility does not include my doing for you what you are capable of doing for yourself; nor does it mean that I run your life for you. It does mean acknowledging that what I am and what I do affects you, so that I am directly involved in your happiness and your suffering. 

A lover does have the capacity to hurt or ignore the loved one, and in this sense we see that love involves an acceptance of some responsibility for the impact my way of being has on you. Love means making a commitment to the person I love. 

This commitment does not mean surrendering our total selves to each other; nor does it imply that the relationship is necessarily permanent. It does involve a willingness to stay with each other in times of pain, struggle, and despair, as well as in times of calm and enjoyment. Love means trusting the person I love. 

If I love you, I trust that you will accept my caring and my love and that you won't deliberately hurt me. I trust that you will find me attractive, and that you won't abandon me; I trust the mutual nature of our love. 

If we trust each other, we are willing to be open to each other and reveal our true selves. Love can tolerate imperfection. In a love relationship there are times when I am bored, times when I may feel like giving up, times of real strain, and times I feel I can't move forward. Authentic love does not imply enduring happiness.

 I can stay during rough times, however, because I can remember what we had together in the past, and I can picture what we will have together in our future if we care enough to face our problems and work them through. We agree with the idea that love is a spirit that changes life. 

Love is a way of life that is creative and that transforms. However, love is not reserved for a perfect world. Love is meant for our imperfect world where things go wrong. Love is meant to be a spirit that works in painful situations. Love is meant to bring meaning into life where nonsense appears to rule. 

In other words, love comes into an imperfect world to make it possible to live. Love is open. If I love you, I encourage you to reach out and develop other relationships. Although our love for each other and our commitment to each other might prohibit certain actions on our parts, we are not totally and exclusively married to each other. 

It is a false love that cements one person to another in such a way that he or she is not given room to grow. Love is selfish. I can only love you if I genuinely love, value, appreciate, and respect myself. If I am empty, then all I can give you is my emptiness. 

If I feel that I'm complete and worthwhile in myself, then I'm able to give to you out of my fullness. One of the best ways for me to give you love is by fully enjoying myself with you. Love involves seeing the potential within the person we love.

 In my love for another, I view her or him as the person she or he can become, while still accepting who and what the person is now. By taking people as they are, we make them worse, but by treating them as if they already were what they ought to be, we help make them better. To sum it up, mature love is union under the condition of preserving one's individuality. In love, two beings become one and yet remain two.

我们想与大家一起分享我们对爱情的一些积极看法。

爱就意味着了解所爱之人。 能够认识到这个人的各个方面 -- 不仅仅是美好的一面,还有他的局限,他的矛盾之处,他的缺点。 要看到这个人的情感、思想,感受他的内心。 要能够透过他在社交场合的表现和他的社会角色而看到他的内心深处。

爱就意味着关心所爱之人的幸福。 真正的爱不是占有,也不是束缚。 相反,两人都在爱中得到自由。 关心一个人就是关心他的成长,希望他可以尽其所能有所成就。 因此,我不会为他的个人发展设置障碍,即使这样有时会给我带来不便。

爱就意味着尊重所爱之人。 爱一个人,就是将其视作一个独立的人,有自己的价值观、思想和感情。 我不会为了自己而坚持要他放弃个性来变成我所希望的他。 我能允许,也鼓励他与众不同,成为他自己。 我不会视他为物,或利用他来满足自己的需要。

爱就意味着对所爱之人负责。 爱一个人,就要对他作为独立个体的需求做出回应。 这种负责并非替他做他可以自己做到的事,也不是操纵他的生活。 这种负责是承认我的所作所为会影响到他,他的欢乐痛苦都与我休戚相关。 相爱者的确会伤害或忽略所爱的人。 从这个意义上说,我们认为,爱就要为自己的行为对对方产生的影响承担某种责任。

爱就意味着对所爱之人做出承诺。 这种承诺并非意味着完全把自己交给对方,也并不是说这一关系一定要永远不变。 这种承诺意味着不论在恬适欢乐时,还是在艰难困苦、失意绝望时,都愿意厮守相伴。

爱就意味着信赖所爱之人。 爱一个人,就要相信他会接受我的关心,接受我的爱,相信他不会故意伤害我; 相信自己对他有吸引力,相信他不会抛弃我;相信爱是相互的。 如果我们彼此信赖,我们就愿彼此开诚布公,敞开心扉。

爱能够容忍不完美。 爱人之间也会有时感到厌烦,有时想放弃,有时感到压力,有时感到羁绊。 真正的爱并不意味着永远幸福。 但是,在困难时期我能坚守,因为我仍记得我们共同渡过的往昔,我也能想像如果我们愿意直面问题、渡过难关,我们将共同拥有什么样的未来。 我们一致认为爱是一种精神,它能改变人生。 爱是一种生活方式,它具有创造和改变的力量。 但是爱并不只是完美世界所独有, 爱本来就是为我们这个不完美、有缺陷的世界而存在的。 爱应该是一种能缓解痛苦的精神力量。 爱应该给我们这充满荒谬的生活带来意义。 换言之,是爱使我们能够在这不完美的世界上生活下去。

爱是包容的。 爱一个人,就要鼓励其与他人建立联系。 尽管对彼此的爱与承诺不允许我们有某些行为,这种结合也不是全然排他的。 两个人密不可分,再无其他发展的余地,这样的爱是不真实、不明智的。

爱又是自私的。 只有真正自爱自重、自赏自尊,才能爱别人。 如果自己空虚,那么我能给所爱之人的也只有空虚。 如果认为自己是完满的、出色的,那么我就能以自己的充实为所爱之人增光。 表达爱的最好方法之一就是与所爱之人一起充分体验自己。

爱就要看到所爱之人的内在潜力。 爱一个人,爱她/他今日之所作所为,也要视其所能为。 视人静止不变,则令其退步,而视其进步发展、待他如同他的潜力已经发挥,则助其进步。

归根结底,成熟的爱就是保持个性条件下的双方结合。 两个人由于爱合二为一,又仍是两个独立的个体。

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