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DEVELOPMENT REPORT - WHO and Tuberculosis

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This is the VOA Special English Development Report.

The World Health Organization says the disease tuberculosis could be brought under control in the next five years if nations would provide more money. The health agency is asking member countries to give an additional four-hundred-million dollars a year to help fight the disease.

Gro Harlem Brundtland heads the World Health Organization in Geneva, Switzerland. Doctor Brundtland says tuberculosis will be a major target in the coming year. About eight-million people around the world are sick with tuberculosis, or T-B. However, only twenty-three percent of these people receive treatment.

Between Nineteen-Ninety-Seven and Nineteen-Ninety-Nine, the total number of tuberculosis infections increased six percent. This rise in T-B was seen mostly in Africa. Experts say this is because the disease AIDS has decreased the ability of people's defense systems to fight T-B. The W-H-O estimates that one-third of all the people who die from T-B also have AIDS.

The health agency called for more financial help in a report to the organization's one-hundred-ninety-one members. The report said about two-million people die each year from T-B. Nearly all of these deaths are in developing countries. The W-H-O plans to target twenty-two of the countries most affected by the disease. These include India, China, Indonesia and Nigeria.

The W-H-O says the extra money will be used to train more health workers. The money is also needed to improve health systems in some countries. And it will be used to help officials who give out and supervise treatment. The cost of treatment for tuberculosis is low -- only about ten dollars for a full six-month series of drugs. Patients must take the medicine every day or the treatment will not be effective. If a patient stops taking the medicine, a new kind of T-B bacteria may develop which is resistant to the drugs.

The World Health Organization says the additional money could extend T-B treatment to seventy percent of infected people around the world. The health agency believes the number of T-B deaths could be cut in half by the year Two-Thousand-Ten. However, without the additional money, the W-H-O expects tuberculosis deaths to increase by one-hundred percent over the next ten years.

This VOA Special English Development Report was written by Jill Moss.

网友的学习评论(3条):
作者:lvjiaying1984
Because the AIDS has decreased the ability of the defense system to fight T-B, it is more likely for the people suffering from AIDS to get infected with T-B. Although few of China's population suffer from AIDS, it doesn't necessarily mean that China has nothing to do with it in some parts of the country where people leading a life dominated by hunger and malnutrition. In the parts alongside the coastline,
作者:lvjiaying1984
people are more prone to do drugs than other parts of the country because they have more extra money to buy drugs where economy is good. In recent years, as China's economy is developing quickly, being able to pay more money to treat the disease, few of china's population are suffering from T-B, because they have been treated free of charge before the disease comes into full effect. My aunt was once a sufferer from T-B when he was in his twenties.
作者:lvjiaying1984
But at that time, because China's was so poor to provide enough money for the people suffering from T-B, my aunt was suffering a lot. My grandfather had to use all the money he could earn to pay for what turned to be the real concern, my aunt's T-B. Thanks for drugs taken by my aunt, he had survived from the dark days of the life.
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