官方APP下载:英语学习播客(支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号(英语全能特训)
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

DEVELOPMENT REPORT - Vietnam and Malaria

作者:Jill Moss 发布日期:9-16-2002

13 Sep 2002, 19:45 UTC

This is the VOA Special English Development Report.

The World Health Organization reports a malaria control program in Vietnam has reduced the number of cases by ninety percent.

Graphic Image
Graphic Image

The Roll Back Malaria study was carried out over five years in Vietnam's southern Phan Tien village. Officials say several methods were used to prevent and control the deadly disease.

Graphic Image
Graphic Image

Mosquito insects spread malaria. The disease can cause fever, head pain, stomach sickness and uncontrollable shaking. The most deadly form of malaria often causes a severe lack of iron in the blood. This is the most common reason for death from the disease.

All villagers in the study were given special material, or nets, to cover their beds while they slept. These bednets were treated with chemicals to kill mosquitoes. Research shows that children who sleep under such bednets are fifty percent less likely to get malaria.

In addition, a community-based healthcare system was set up to provide early identification and quick treatment of malaria. Ten community members were also appointed as health co-workers. Each year, they carried out malaria studies at the end of the rainy season. The community health workers also taught the villagers how to avoid malaria infection or seek treatment. At the end of the five-year program, the number of villagers with malaria infection in their blood dropped from forty-two percent to four percent.

Kamini Mendis is the top advisor in the W-H-O Roll Back Malaria program. Doctor Mendis says community involvement is necessary to guarantee success. This is especially true in farming areas where there are few health services.

Doctor Mendis says other villages in Vietnam are now carrying out the Roll Back Malaria program. The W-H-O also believes the program can be used successfully in Africa and other malaria-infected parts of the world. Up to two-million people around the world die each year of malaria. Most victims are young children living in Africa south of the Sahara Desert.

Since the development of chemically-treated bednets in the nineteen-eighties, no new method of controlling malaria has been discovered. Bednets reduce malaria infection, but they cannot prevent or control the disease on their own. So the W-H-O says identification and treatment are also important.

This VOA Special English Development Report was written by Jill Moss.

-----

Adapted from a VOA story by Lisa Schlein

版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏公网安备 32010202011039号苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台