官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

IN THE NEWS - Russia's Yukos Oil Arrest

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音 
文章正文
同步字幕

This is Steve Ember with IN THE NEWS, from VOA Special English.

Many investors are concerned about the possible effects on the Russian economy from the arrest of the top official of Yukos Oil. That is Russia's largest oil company. Mikhail Khodorkovsky was jailed last month on charges of failing to pay taxes and other economic crimes. This week, he resigned as chief executive. Mister Khodorkovsky denies any wrongdoing. His lawyers say the charges are political.

Graphic Image
Graphic Image

Yukos Oil has lost market value. The Russian government has threatened to take away the rights of the company to develop important oil fields. Yukos could also lose its rights to operate some of the Siberian oilfields it depends on.

Yukos Oil became a private company after the end of the Soviet Union twelve years ago. It has grown into the fourth largest energy supplier in the world.

Russia's economic growth in recent years has been largely based on oil sales. Russia has the world's largest oil reserves. It is the second biggest oil exporter after Saudi Arabia. Foreign companies have invested a lot of money in Russian oil projects.

Critics say the government organized the arrest of Mister Khodorkovsky to punish him for his political activities. He has criticized the government of President Vladimir Putin. He has given money to opposition parties. And he has had wide influence in the Russian parliament.

President Putin had made an agreement with Russia's business leaders. These leaders became rich under former President Boris Yelstin. They bought state-owned businesses at low prices in the early nineteen-nineties. Many of these agreements, however, were considered illegal.

At a meeting in early two-thousand, Mister Putin told the business leaders to stay out of politics or risk losing their companies. Two of them used their television stations to attack the president. They were later forced into exile.

Mister Putin has been widely criticized in the West for appearing to unfairly target a political opponent. His closest aide resigned in protest over the arrest of Mister Khodorkovsky. Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov also has publicly opposed the president.

Russian businessmen say they fear that the investigation of Yukos Oil will spread. One aide to Mister Khodorkovsky requested Israeli citizenship. Two others fled to London.

Mister Putin says his government supports business and a market economy. On Thursday, the president said the arrest would not lead to any changes in economic or political policy. He said high-level officials in the Interior Ministry were arrested too. He said the actions are guided by the desire to establish law and order and fight economic crime in Russia.

Yukos Oil has named a Russian-born American to take Mister Khodorkovsky's place.

IN THE NEWS, from VOA Special English, was written by Cynthia Kirk. This is Steve Ember.

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台