官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

IN THE NEWS - Senate Preparing to Question Latest Supreme Court Nomination

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音  PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿 
文章正文
同步字幕

I'm Steve Ember with IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.

Democrats and Republicans in the United States Senate are preparing to question President Bush's latest nominee for the Supreme Court.

On Monday, Mister Bush named Samuel Alito to replace retiring Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. The president did so after his earlier nominee, Harriet Miers, withdrew from consideration because of opposition by conservatives.

Samuel Alito
Samuel Alito

The nomination of Mister Alito requires confirmation by the Senate. Democrats and Republicans agree that Judge Alito is highly qualified to serve on the Supreme Court. He is a graduate of Princeton University and Yale University Law School. And he has fifteen years of experience as a judge on the United States Court of Appeals in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

However, many people express concern about the future balance of the nine-member Supreme Court. Justice Sandra Day O'Connor often took moderate positions that made the difference in cases decided by votes of five-to-four. Some critics say Mister Alito would change the direction of the Supreme Court and make it more conservative.

The Senate will consider how a Supreme Court nominee might affect the Court's decisions. Senators will study rulings and opinions written by the nominee. They want to find out what he thinks about issues that could come before the Court in the future. One of the most divisive of these issues is a woman's right to have an operation to end her pregnancy.

In nineteen seventy-three, the Supreme Court declared such abortions legal in a case known as Roe versus Wade. Many experts say that Judge Alito's earlier court rulings lead them to believe that he would vote to change that decision. They note a decision he made in nineteen ninety-one.

Judge Alito was the only one of a three-judge group to support a Pennsylvania law that required women to tell their husbands before having an abortion. The Supreme Court rejected Judge Alito's opinion one year later. It found the Pennsylvania law to be unconstitutional. Justice Sandra Day O'Connor took the lead in that case and helped develop the ruling that confirmed the Roe versus Wade decision.

Senators may also question Judge Alito about several other past decisions. These include racial preference in jobs and education, civil rights and the separation of church and government.

Since seventeen eighty-nine, the Senate has considered more than one hundred fifty Supreme Court nominees. The Senate Historical Office says it has rejected only twelve. Some experts say that interest groups are already trying to influence senators to vote for or against Judge Alito. They expect a huge dispute between conservatives and liberal senators when the hearings begin.

President Bush said he wants a vote on the Alito nomination by the end of the year. However, on Thursday, the Republican chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee said the hearings will not begin until January. IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English was written by Nancy Steinbach. I'm Steve Ember.

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台