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AGRICULTURE REPORT - Food Prize Goes to Three Who Helped Open Brazil's 'Closed Lands'

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I'm Shep O'Neal with the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

Brazil
Brazil

Three men who worked to make the Cerrado area of central Brazil fertile and productive will receive the World Food Prize this year.

Alysson Paolinelli and Edson Lobato will share the prize with an American, Colin McClung. The winners were announced last Thursday at a ceremony at the State Department in Washington. The World Food Prize Foundation in Des Moines, Iowa, will present the two hundred fifty thousand dollar prize in October.

The three men helped open the so-called "closed lands" of the Cerrado. Their work independent of one another took place over a period of many years. The area changed from a dry plain into highly productive farmland.

In the nineteen fifties, Mister McClung studied the soils of what most people considered wastelands. He showed that adding lime, micronutrients and fertilizer would greatly improve the soil. He was able to get lime producers and fertilizer companies as well as maize and soybean processors to invest in research.

Mister Paolinelli served as agriculture minister of Brazil from nineteen seventy-four to nineteen seventy-nine. He helped form the policies that provided low-interest loans and other programs for farmers to develop the land.

Within a period of three years, farmers planted more than three million hectares in the Cerrado. Today, soybeans, corn and cotton are among the crops that are grown on more than forty million hectares of farmland.

Mister Lobato is a soil expert who worked on soil fertility research for thirty years, starting in the nineteen seventies. His studies increased knowledge about the use of phosphate as a fertilizer in the soils of the Cerrado.

His book "Cerrado: Soil Correction and Fertilization" remains important to farmers, researchers and students of agricultural science.

The World Food Prize honors the work of people who have added to the world's ability to feed itself. Norman Borlaug established the prize twenty years ago. Mister Borlaug is called the "Father of the Green Revolution." He received the nineteen seventy Nobel Peace Prize for expanding agricultural productivity through science.

Mister Borlaug attended the ceremony last week. He called the opening of the Cerrado to farming "one of the great achievements of agricultural science in the twentieth century."

This VOA Special English Agriculture Report was written by Mario Ritter. Read and listen to our reports at www.unsv.com. I'm Shep O'Neal.

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