官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

IN THE NEWS - Study Shows Just How Unequally Divided the World's Wealth Is

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音  PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿 
文章正文
同步字幕

This is IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.

More than half of the world's wealth belongs to just two percent of adults. A new study also found that fifty percent of adults own just one percent of all the wealth.

The findings of the report on wealth were presented in Helsinki, Finland, and also in London and New York
The findings of the report on wealth were presented in Helsinki, Finland, and also in London and New York

The report is from the World Institute for Development Economics Research, part of the United Nations University in Helsinki, Finland. The institute says the study of personal wealth was the first of its kind to include all countries and all major parts of household wealth.

Researchers considered possessions, property -- all physical and financial assets. They also took debts into consideration. They used information from the year two thousand. And here is some of what they found:

Adults worth at least two thousand two hundred dollars were in the top half of world wealth.

The richest ten percent were those worth at least sixty-one thousand dollars.

And the richest one percent had wealth of at least five hundred thousand dollars. Thirty-seven million people were in that top one percent. More than half lived in the United States or Japan.

North America has only six percent of all adults but thirty-four percent of all household wealth. Together, people in North America, Europe and high-income countries in Asia and the Pacific hold almost ninety percent of world wealth.

The study found that wealth is more unequally spread than income. Countries where people earn a lot generally have a bigger share of world wealth than of the value of world economic production. The opposite is generally true for countries where income is lower.

The director of the institute, Anthony Shorrocks, offered a simple way to think of all these numbers. If the world had only ten people, he says, one person would have ninety-nine dollars. The other nine people would have to share one dollar.

An issue related to world wealth is remittances. People who migrate to wealthier countries to find work commonly send part of their earnings to family members back home. These remittances are often an important part of the economy in the countries that receive them. In fact, remittances represent the largest amount of outside financing for many developing countries.

The World Bank recently reported the latest estimates. Remittances are expected to reach one hundred ninety-nine thousand million dollars this year. This is a six percent increase from last year -- and more than twice the level in two thousand one.

In dollar terms, Latin American and Caribbean countries receive more money through remittances than other areas. But as a share of their economies, recorded remittances are highest in the Middle East and North Africa.

The United States is the largest source of remittances. But the World Bank notes that many developing countries that receive them also have large numbers of migrants in Europe.

IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English was written by Brianna Blake. You can learn more about development issues, and download MP3 files and program transcripts, at www.unsv.com. I'm Steve Ember.

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台