官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)

创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

AMERICAN MOSAIC - The Ocean Spirit Mami Wata Takes Many Faces

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音  PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3同步字幕 MP3同步字幕 
文章正文
同步字幕

HOST:

Welcome to AMERICAN MOSAIC in VOA Special English.

(MUSIC)

I'm Doug Johnson. This week we travel to Africa with the banjo player Bela Fleck. We hear music from his latest album, "Throw Down Your Heart," and discuss a movie about his trip to Africa.

But first, we go to the National Museum of African Art in Washington, D.C., to see an exhibit about an ocean goddess.

(MUSIC)

HOST:

She is part woman and part fish. She carries snakes with her and brings good luck in the form of money. She is sensual, beautiful, and protective, yet sometimes dangerous. Her name is Mami Wata. Faith Lapidus tells us about her.

FAITH LAPIDUS:

Mami Wata is pidgin English for "Mother Water." Since the fifteenth century, the water spirit Mami Wata has taken many forms and names. She appears in different cultures throughout Africa, the Caribbean and the Americas. She is a very popular subject for artists.

A wooden headpiece from Sierra Leone showing forms inspired by Mami Wata
A wooden headpiece from Sierra Leone showing forms inspired by Mami Wata

The Smithsonian's National Museum of African Art in Washington, D.C., currently has a show that honors Mami Wata's many faces. The exhibit shows how cultural influences and spirituality change and grow throughout history.

One of the first works in this exhibit was made in the nineteen fifties by the Ovimbundu people of Angola. This expressive wooden sculpture is of a woman with a lower body like a fish. The woman raises her left hand as though she wants to tell you something.

Nearby, a sculpture from the same period by an artist in Nigeria shows a woman holding a snake in her hands. Another snake wraps around her body. This sculpture was probably the center of a religious offering table.

There is also a wooden headpiece worn in water spirit ceremonies by people in Guinea-Bissau. It is shaped like a huge shark fin. It is cut with forms of colorful sea creatures swimming with humans.

African slaves who settled in the Caribbean and South America brought with them beliefs linked to Mami Wata. These beliefs grew into other traditions. In Haiti, she is known as

Roudy Azor's version of Lasirene
Roudy Azor's version of Lasirene

. Her influence can be seen in a shiny flag by the Haitian artist Roudy Azor. It shows three women sharing one fish tail body.

In the Bahia area of Brazil, this water spirit takes the form of Yemanja. In February, people honor Yemanja, the Queen of the Ocean, with offerings they place in small boats in the water. When the small boats sink, it is believed she has received their presents. Brazilians pray to her for love, support and protection.

And, in the Dominican Republic, Mami Wata takes the form of Santa Marta la Dominadora or "The Dominator." She is known for her special powers in helping people with relationships. Visitors to the exhibit can see a special religious area set up to honor this saint.

The last part of the exhibit shows Mami Wata's influence in modern art. The African-American artist Alison Saar gives her a new look in a flat metal sculpture hanging on the wall. In this version, Mami Wata is a woman with a snake wrapped around her. She is wearing nothing but red shoes with high heels.

(MUSIC)

HOST:

Bela Fleck is widely considered one of the most important banjo players in the world. He is famous for his many bluegrass and jazz influenced recordings. His most recent album is called "Throw Down Your Heart." It is his third recording in a series called "Tales from the Acoustic Planet." Barbara Klein has more.

BARBARA KLEIN:

Bela Fleck's goal with this album was to explore the African roots of the banjo. He says many Americans mistakenly think the banjo came from rural areas of the southern United States. So, in two thousand five, Fleck went to Africa to learn from musicians there. His trip resulted in an album and movie, also called "Throw Down Your Heart." In the movie, you can see Bela Fleck playing with musicians in Uganda, Tanzania, the Gambia and Mali.

WALUSIMBI: "What he wanted was to bring the banjo back to Africa. It would be possible for the banjo to come back and play with its old folks."

Béla Fleck in Uganda
Béla Fleck in Uganda

The movie shows how important music is within communities in Africa. Music is not only for special events. It is part of everyday life for men, women and children. Bela Fleck could not talk with many of the musicians you see in the movie because they did not know each other's language. But they were able to communicate very clearly with music.

Here is playing with a group of women from a small village in Uganda.

(MUSIC: "Tulinesangala")

In Tanzania, Fleck plays with musicians including Anania Ngoliga. He is a master of the thumb piano, which you can hear in this recording.

(MUSIC: "Kabibi")

While in Tanzania, Fleck visits a beach where centuries ago enslaved Africans were led to ships that would carry them to other countries.

JOHN KITIME: "This town's called Bagamoyo, Bagamoyo means 'throw down your heart.' Bwaga means throw. Heart, moyo is heart. Because this is where slaves from the mainland would come for transportation."

The musician John Kitime explains that the slaves knew that they were not going to see their homes again. So it was time to "throw down their hearts" before leaving. The Africans on these ships brought the instruments to America that would later evolve into the banjo.

While traveling, Bela Fleck discovered many of the banjo's ancestors.

BELA FLECK: "West Africa is where you really see things like banjos; East Africa, not so much. But in West Africa, you have the halum, the ngoni, the akonting ... "

In the Gambia, Fleck met with the Jatta family of musicians. They play an instrument called the akonting. The akonting has three strings, while the banjo Bela Fleck plays here with the Jattas has five.

(MUSIC: "Ajula/Mbamba")

Bela Fleck and Djelimady Tounkara
Bela Fleck and Djelimady Tounkara

Bela Fleck plays with popular musicians in small villages. He also plays with some of the biggest names in African music. Here he performs "Miriam" with the Malian guitarist Djelimady Tounkara.

(MUSIC)

We leave you with Bela Fleck performing with the famous Malian singer Oumou Sangare. This beautiful song tells about a songbird crying out into the forest. Mizz Sangare asks people to remember those who are poor, powerless and without hope.

(MUSIC: "Djorolen")

HOST:

I'm Doug Johnson. I hope you enjoyed our program today.

It was written and produced by Dana Demange. For transcripts, MP3s and podcasts of our programs, go to www.unsv.com.

Send your questions about American life to www.unsv.com. Please include your full name and where you live. Or write to American Mosaic, VOA Special English, Washington, D.C., two-zero-two-three-seven, U.S.A.

Join us again next week for AMERICAN MOSAIC, VOA's radio magazine in Special English.

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台