官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

AGRICULTURE REPORT - Understanding Farm Animals Begins With a Name

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
英汉翻译对照 英汉翻译对照  MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音  PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3同步字幕 MP3同步字幕  词汇句型精讲 词汇句型精讲 
文章正文
同步字幕

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

Today we harvest some words. We are going to explain some commonly used terms for plants and farm animals. If you miss any, or if you want to test yourself, you can find a transcript and MP3 of our program at www.unsv.com. So here we go.

Some plants are annuals. Annuals live only one year or one growing season -- unlike perennials. Perennials last for more than two years. This term is used especially for plants like herbs that produce new growth year after year from the same root structure.

Cows
Cows

People eat herbs, and so do cattle. Among cattle, a bull is a male cow that has not been castrated. A male is called a steer if it had its reproductive organs removed as a calf. A calf is a young cow. A young female cow, especially one that has not yet had a calf, is called a heifer: H-E-I-F-E-R.

Cows are like all mammals: they produce milk for their young. This is called lactating. Cows lactate for up to ten months. A dry cow is a cow that is not producing milk.

Milk may be homogenized. Homogenization is a process that reduces the size of the fat particles and mixes the fat all through the milk. Otherwise, the fat will collect at the top, which is how some people like it.

Some people like products made from sheep's milk. The milk comes from a ewe -- spelled E-W-E. A ewe is a female sheep of any age. Ewes produce lambs. A lamb is a sheep under a year old. Male sheep of any age are called rams.

Sheep are known for their thick coat of fleece. That is, unless they have been sheared. Shearing is when a sheep gets a haircut so the fleece can be made into wool.

Sheep are also valued for their meat. Meat from a sheep that is more than a year old is called mutton.

Mutton was a traditional favorite of the British. Now speaking of the British, they call a castrated male pig a hog. But hog is a term commonly used for any swine, especially a domesticated adult pig. A sexually mature male is called a boar. And an adult female is a sow. She gives birth to litters of piglets.

A male horse is a gelding if it was castrated and a stallion if it was not. A young horse is a foal. Foals are born to a mare, a sexually mature female. A mare is generally defined as three years or older. A female horse under three is a filly. And a male under four is a colt.

So that is our lesson. And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Jerilyn Watson. I'm Steve Ember.

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台