官方APP下载:英语全能特训(微信小程序版,支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

EDUCATION REPORT - Studies Link Girls' Sports to Gains in Life

阅读次数:


VIP会员专享下载:(非VIP会员无权下载!如果想下载,但还不是VIP会员,请点此订购
下载方式:使用鼠标右键(注意是鼠标右键!)点击下面的MP3音频/MP4视频链接,然后选择“另存为…”。
英汉翻译对照 英汉翻译对照  MP3节目录音 MP3节目录音  PDF节目文稿 PDF节目文稿  MP3同步字幕 MP3同步字幕  词汇句型精讲 词汇句型精讲 
文章正文
同步字幕
Students from James Madison University in Virginia protested outside the Education Department in Washington in 2006. Their school said it was cutting 10 teams to meet federal requirements for equality
Students from James Madison University in Virginia protested outside the Education Department in Washington in 2006. Their school said it was cutting 10 teams to meet federal requirements for equality

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

Most schools in the United States receive money from federal programs. That means most schools must obey a federal law known as Title Nine.

It bars discrimination on the basis of sex at any educational institution that receives federal money. An exception is made for admissions at private undergraduate schools. For others, Title Nine covers "any education program or activity" receiving federal financial assistance.

The full name is Title Nine of the Education Amendments of nineteen seventy-two. A lot of Americans may be surprised to know that it was written without saying anything directly about sports. Yet that is where its effects are best known, especially at the high school level.

After Title Nine became law, the number of girls who joined high school sports teams sharply increased.

Research has linked participation in sports to positive effects like better self-image, fewer teen pregnancies and higher grades. But are these a direct result?

Two recent studies suggest that the answer is yes. They offer long-term evidence that it can lead to improvements in education, work and health.

Betsey Stevenson is a business and public policy researcher at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.

She compared states, looking at differences in high school sports participation and in women's education and work. For each ten percentage point increase in sports participation, she found a one point increase in female college attendance. She also linked it to a one to two point increase in the number of women in the labor force.

The other study looked at physical health. Robert Kaestner is an economics professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago. He compared obesity rates and physical activity levels of women who had been in high school before and after Title Nine took effect. He found that those who came after Title Nine had a seven percent lower risk of obesity twenty to twenty-five years later.

Nicole LaVoi is associate director of the Tucker Center for Research on Girls and Women in Sport at the University of Minnesota. She says the new studies are important because they show trends over time. Still, she says, far more boys than girls join sports teams nearly forty years after Title Nine gave girls a chance to level the playing field.

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report, written by Brianna Blake and Nancy Steinbach. You can post comments at www.unsv.com. I'm Steve Ember.

网友的学习评论(0条):
版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台