官方APP下载:英语学习播客(支持苹果手机、安卓手机)
创办于2003年
UNSV记不住?那就记中文谐音“忧安思危”吧!
  Slow and Steady Wins the Race!
UNSV英语学习频道 - Slow and steady wins the race!
公众微信服务号
英语全能特训(微信公众服务号)
UNSV英语学习频道淘宝网店
客服短信:18913948480
客服邮箱:web@unsv.com
初级VIP会员
全站英语学习资料下载。
¥98元/12个月

AGRICULTURE REPORT - Deforestation Decreased Over the Past 10 Years

作者:Jerilyn Watson 发布日期:4-6-2010

A forest in northern Brazil being illegally burned by farmers to use the land for their animals
A forest in northern Brazil being illegally burned by farmers to use the land for their animals

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization says deforestation has decreased over the past ten years.  But it still continues at a high rate in many countries.  Deforestation is mainly caused by the cutting down of tropical forests to provide land for agriculture.  The world's total forest area is just over four billion hectares. About thirteen million hectares of forest were cut down or lost through natural causes each year in the last ten years.  This compares with about sixteen million hectares per year during the nineteen nineties.

The FAO study covers two hundred thirty-three countries and areas. The study found that Brazil and Indonesia have reduced their deforestation rates. The two countries had the highest loss of forests in the nineteen nineties.  In addition, the study noted tree-planting programs in countries such as China, India, Vietnam and the United States. These programs, along with natural expansion of forests in some areas, have added more than seven million hectares of new forests each year.

South America and Africa had the highest yearly loss of forests during the last ten years. South America lost four million hectares. Africa lost almost three and a half million hectares.  However, Asia gained more than two million hectares a year in the last decade.  In North America and Central America, the forest area remained about the same. In Europe, it continued to expand, but at a slower rate than earlier.

Eduardo Rojas is assistant director-general of F.A.O.'s Forestry Department.  He said for the first time, the rate of deforestation has decreased around the world. This is the result of efforts taken at local and international levels.   Mister Rojas said countries have improved their forest policies and legislation. They have also provided forests for use by local communities and native peoples and for the protection of biological diversity.  He said this is a welcome message in two thousand ten - the International Year of Biodiversity.

However, Mister Rojas said the rate of deforestation is still very high in many areas.  He said countries must strengthen their efforts to better protect and manage their forests.

And that's the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, written by Jerilyn Watson.  You can find transcripts, MP3s, podcasts and captioned videos at www.unsv.com.    I'm Bob Doughty.

版权所有©2003-2019 南京通享科技有限公司,保留所有权利。未经书面许可,严禁转载本站内容,违者追究法律责任。 互联网经营ICP证:苏B2-20120186
网站备案:苏公网安备 32010202011039号苏ICP备05000269号-1中国工业和信息化部网站备案查询
广播台